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Shrimp Culture: a chaotic trend of aquaculture in the coastal region of Bangladesh

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Shrimp Culture
Shrimp culture in the coastal region of Bangladesh

The aquaculture practice in the southwest coastal area is traditional; however, a rapid expansion of shrimp culture took place at the advent of commercial shrimp cultivating due to higher economic returns. 

Shrimp cultivating is one of the few options for the economic development of the coastal region of Bangladesh. 

The aquaculture practice in the southwest coastal area is traditional; however, a rapid expansion of shrimp farming took place at the advent of commercial shrimp farming due to higher economic returns. 

It is a potential adaptation option for increasing salinity and other environmental stresses. The government has also promoted shrimp as a necessary climate change adaptation option in its national climate policy.

However, extensive shrimp cultivating is more likely to keep ecosystem harmony with dynamic balance by recycling and feedback mechanisms. Therefore, shrimp farming is also being considered a potential adaptation option to increased salinity in this region. 

Since the shrimp sector of Bangladesh includes more than 15 million people and the majority are small-scale farmers. However, the government is yet to establish well-structured institutional support to promote sustainable shrimp farming in southwest coastal Bangladesh. 

So, this natural and unsystematic shrimp cultivating is gathering impressive discourse because of its negative ecological results

Environmental effects like mangrove destruction, sedimentation, saltwater interruption, loss of biodiversity and contamination are the obstructions to the sustainable shrimp cultivating. 

A large number of lands of terrains in the seaside territories included under shrimp cultivation. Unplanned and haphazard growth of shrimp culture influences the coastal ecosystem.

Mangrove
Bridging the gap between mangrove conservation and shrimp farming.

Is there any way to move towards a sustainable aquaculture system for shrimp? 

In sequence for aquaculture strategy to shift inside the heading of sustainable yield, the industry needs few conditions to grasp and tackle the complete spectrum of environmental effects by its operations. 

Consecutively, this infers shifting near closed production frameworks. 

However, unregulated coastal shrimp farming has emerged as the most unfavourable resource use over the past couple of decades in Bangladesh. 

Resources like feed, seed, and water supply influence the sustainability of shrimp aquaculture. In any case, it is anything but a maintainable sort of aquaculture. However, it is not a sustainable kind of aquaculture. 

A management system equally for eco-friendly and socially appropriate farming is a burning issue around the world. The long-haul advantages of shrimp farming can look for the improvement of ecologically viable shrimp farming. 

It will handle the ecological and financial issues produced by a sustainable method for shrimp farming.

Why we need nature-based solutions to bridge the gap between profit and conservation?

Like Selva Shrimp, we may combine small-scale farming with active nature conservation, thereby creating livelihoods for local communities while reviving heavily degraded ecosystems.

It may improve the aquaculture practices in marginalised areas and encourages the restoration and conservation of mangrove ecosystems. 

It may generate resilient local livelihoods, small-scale business alongside healthy ecosystems, a source of income, and an inclusive economy based on nature-based solutions.

It is a unique nature-based solution to protect the mangrove and aquaculture.    

A nature-based solution and aquaculture with the active measure are protecting the mangrove. It is not just producing food sustainably – it is creating jobs and protecting livelihoods, too.

Mangrove reforestation, as a nature-based solution, is critical for the environment, business and people. However, a close partnership between successful private-sector seafood companies and conservation champions opens the door to transformational shifts.

Example of a nature-based solutions approach can make sure that this is the case.

A combination of nature-based solutions and aquaculture is Selva Shrimp, a program by Blueyou Consulting. First launched in VietNam, the project combines small-scale farming with active measures to protect the environment. This way, it is not just producing food sustainably – it is creating jobs and protecting livelihoods, too.

Backed by the IUCN’s Blue Natural Capital Financing Facility, Selva Shrimp is piloting the inclusion of nature-based solutions into shrimp farming in Indonesia to meet the growing appetite for consciously produced seafood. The effort aims to demonstrate the financial sustainability of such projects and their attractiveness, to show the world a path towards rectifying negative impacts generated during decades of unsustainable farming practices.

Every shrimp needs to grow with mangroves. 

Moreover, it ensures incentives for farmers to change existing practices. Among these are substantially increased harvest sizes through improved farming practices and healthier environments, and a higher price for this premium product harvested mangrove areas reforested with young trees.

Similarly, the forests remain a livable habitat and food source for many other aquatic species, including crabs, oysters and mudskippers.

Mangrove forests are critical to the economic and food security of many coastal communities. They also provide a defence against floods and storms and have a crucial role in sequestering carbon from the atmosphere.

It offers extensive benefits.

The benefits of initiatives like Selva Shrimp can spread a wider than just those tending the shrimp farms, providing additional employment throughout the economy.

Farming shrimp without antibiotics, feed or chemicals produces an organic product that commands a premium price on world markets – and the additional revenue generates employment, creating jobs for some of the poorest people of the world.

Read More:

Fighting for life: Bangladesh shrimp farmers destitute in wake of the cyclone.

Cyclone Amphan Emergency relief project report.

On the brink of destitution: Covid and climate change push Bangladeshi farmers back into poverty

Read More on Mangrove:

‘Shield the Mangrove’: The effects of mangrove deforestation in Sindh’s coastal regions.

UAE National Environment Day: 200 mangrove seedlings planted in Sharjah sanctuary.

Forest dept identifies 31 wetlands for conservation

Mangroves and coastal protection: A potential triple-win for Bangladesh

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020.

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions.

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

About Zulker Naeen

Zulker Naeen is a freelance journalist, covers stories of climate change-induced food insecurity, natural calamities, and migration. As a citizen of one of the most climate-vulnerable nations, Zulker focuses his work on climate change. He works with the Climate Tracker to report climate resiliency for vulnerable women and access to climate finance.

He involves in the Climate Tracker South Asia network, which improves the environmental consciousness of youth. 

He is also one of the Bangladeshi to win the South Asia Fellowship under Climate Tracker, is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Shrimp Culture: a chaotic trend of aquaculture in the coastal region of Bangladesh

Environment and Climate Change Journalist: Zulker Naeen

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Climate Journalism
Is Climate Journalism Course affordable

Zulker Naeen is a freelance journalist, covers stories of climate change-induced food insecurity, natural calamities, and migration. As a citizen of one of the most climate-vulnerable nations, Zulker focuses his work on climate change. He works with the Climate Tracker to report climate resiliency for vulnerable women and access to climate finance. 

He involves in the Climate Tracker South Asia network, which improves the environmental consciousness of youth. 

He is also one of the Bangladeshi to win the South Asia Fellowship under Climate Tracker, is a global media network closely works on Climate Change. 

Zulker has completed the Train the Trainer: Effective Climate Change Communication, an initiative to convert this workshop resource into replicable modules, to empower qualified journalists to deliver training on the major climate journalism topics, and to establish a certification process for journalists. 

Zulker has a master’s degree in Communications and a bachelor’s degree in Media Studies and Journalism from the University of Liberal Arts, Bangladesh.

Zulker Naeen has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff. As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change.

Is Climate Journalism Course affordable in Bangladesh?

Climate Journalism Course is now affordable, unbelievable too. Moreover, this course aims to enhance understanding of climate change impacts on biodiversity.

Fortunately, this online course is for passionate writer and next journalists with limited experience engaging with climate change issues and ecosystem services interactions with biodiversity locally, nationally and internationally.

The course participants assess the climate change-related issues relevant to available articles in biodiversity, identify the topics and then follow appropriate writing style. 

Participants also develop a writing skill to relate the human-climate fact within 1 to 2 months after the training workshop.

Applicants to this training course need not demonstrate prior experience of journalism and how skills gained will be utilized after the workshop.

Communicating Climate Change is to promote knowledge on climate change issues and to cover journalism skills. We’re opening this extensive course to prepare the next climate journalist. 

You may not a subject matter expert, but you will become familiar with the concepts, approaches, and climate journalism staples. 

To promote Climate Journalism in Bangladesh, we’re opening this course on climate change to prepare the next journalist. With this great objective, we will run a three-month campaign to introduce this course among students with an extensive collaboration of the interested partners.

Moreover, this campaign aims to teach students between graduate and post-graduate. That is why; we are emphasizing their pattern of seeking information, to influence them to enrol on this course by ensuring their active participation.

A social media campaign will run to promote this course. University faculty, expert, practitioners, and journalist will engage with this initiative. 

Key objectives of this course:

  1. To give basic knowledge on climate change issues
  2. To guide the participants on climate journalism topics
  3. To launch a certification process for participants who wish to publish an article as a trainee journalist.

A summary of this curriculum—

  • Learning: Climate Change Issues in the context of Bangladesh 
  • Skills Development: Climate Journalism Staples
  • Content Training: Making the Climate-human Link
  • Evaluation: Online Exam
  • Reward: Certification

What the participants will learn

  • Basic Knowledge on Climate Change
  • Climate Issues
  • Climate and Health
  • Climate Change and its impact on Bangladesh
  • Climate Journalism Training
  • Climate Change Communication in Social Media
Environment and Climate Change Journalist: Zulker Naeen

Bridging the gap between mangrove conservation and shrimp farming

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Mangrove
Bridging the gap between mangrove conservation and shrimp farming.

One initiative working to combine nature-based solutions and aquaculture with active measures is protecting the mangrove. This way, it is not just producing food sustainably – it is creating jobs and protecting livelihoods, too.

  • Sustainable aquaculture can protect the mangrove and coastal biodiversity.
  • Aquaculture is a source of employment, supporting 20.5 million jobs globally.
  • Mangrove reforestation, as a nature-based solution, is critical for the environment, business and people.
  • Sustainable shrimp commands higher prices, which mean higher local incomes.
  • A close partnership between successful private-sector seafood companies and conservation champions opens the door to transformational shifts.

Shrimp farming is a substantial business, with about 4.5 million tonnes produced that way last year alonemore than the amount caught by fishing.

This kind of aquaculture is a resource-efficient way of producing food. But there is concern about the effect of aquaculture on marine environments. 

About 70% of mangrove forests of Indonesia have been damaged or degraded by the practice. 

Around 3 billion people depend on seafood as their primary source of protein. And the world population expected to grow by 2 billion by 2050, this kind of food production sustainably is a pressing issue. 

Example of a nature-based solutions approach can make sure that this is the case.

One initiative working to combine nature-based solutions and aquaculture is Selva Shrimp, a program by Blueyou Consulting. First launched in VietNam, the project combines small-scale farming with active measures to protect the environment. This way, it is not just producing food sustainably – it is creating jobs and protecting livelihoods, too.

Backed by the IUCN’s Blue Natural Capital Financing Facility, Selva Shrimp is piloting the inclusion of nature-based solutions into shrimp farming in Indonesia to meet the growing appetite for consciously produced seafood. The effort aims to demonstrate the financial sustainability of such projects and their attractiveness, to show the world a path towards rectifying negative impacts generated during decades of unsustainable farming practices.

Every shrimp needs to grow with mangroves. 

And that its programme ensures incentives for farmers to change existing practices. Among these are substantially increased harvest sizes through improved farming practices and healthier environments, and a higher price for this premium product harvested mangrove areas reforested with young trees.

Similarly, the forests remain a liveable habitat and food source for many other aquatic species, including crabs, oysters and mudskippers.

The company wants to expand the project across the region

In total, Indonesia boasts a fifth of the mangrove forests of the world.

Mangrove forests are critical to the economic and food security of many coastal communities. They also provide a defence against floods and storms and have a crucial role in sequestering carbon from the atmosphere.

Widespread Benefits.

The benefits of initiatives like Selva Shrimp can spread a wider than just those tending the shrimp farms, providing additional employment throughout the economy.

Farming shrimp without antibiotics, feed or chemicals produces an organic product that commands a premium price on world markets – and the additional revenue generates employment, creating jobs for some of the poorest people of the world.

One study found that organic shrimp farming in Bangladesh had enabled even small-scale organic shrimp farmers to create jobs for local people.

Direct employment in maintaining shrimp farm infrastructure, new jobs were created as financially successful farmers needed hatcheries, nurseries, ice and processing plants to support their businesses.

And not just the benefit. The paper concluded: In Bangladesh, organic shrimp aquaculture has generated substantial employment for educated people, ensuring several diversified working opportunities.

Transformational change.

Aquaculture plays a significant role in supporting livelihoods, employment and local economic development among coastal communities in many developing countries, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It produces almost half of the fish supply of the world.

More than 20.5 million people engaged in aquaculture worldwide. Asia is accounting for the bulk of jobs in the sector at over 19.6 million.

Despite the environmental concerns around some practices, there has been a transformational change in reducing the impact of shrimp farming 

in the past three decades. 

Shrimp Farming in the coastal region of Bangladesh.

Since 1980, shrimp is a significant part of the economy of Bangladesh. However, this spontaneous and indiscriminate shrimp cultivating is gathering impressive discourse because of its negative ecological results. Environmental effects like mangrove destruction, sedimentation, saltwater interruption, loss of biodiversity and contamination are the obstructions to the sustainable shrimp cultivating. 

A large number of lands of terrains in the seaside territories included under shrimp cultivation. Unplanned and haphazard growth of shrimp culture influences the coastal ecosystem.

Is there any way to move towards a sustainable aquaculture system for shrimp? 

In sequence for aquaculture strategy to shift inside the heading of sustainable yield, the industry needs few conditions to grasp and tackle the complete spectrum of environmental effects by its operations. Consecutively, this infers shifting near closed production frameworks. 

Bangladesh has tremendous coastal and marine sources alongside its south edge. It is because of the reality of the geological position and climatic circumstance of the region. 

However, an unregulated coastal shrimp farming has emerged as the most unfavourable resource use over the past couple of decades in Bangladesh. 

Resources like feed, seed, and water supply influence the sustainability of shrimp aquaculture. In any case, it is anything but a maintainable sort of aquaculture. However, it is not a sustainable kind of aquaculture. 

A management system equally for eco-friendly and socially appropriate farming is a burning issue around the world. The long-haul advantages of shrimp farming can look for the improvement of ecologically viable shrimp farming. 

It will handle the ecological and financial issues produced by a sustainable method for shrimp farming.

Why we need nature-based solutions to bridge the gap between profit and conservation?

Like Selva Shrimp, we may combine small-scale farming with active nature conservation, thereby creating livelihoods for local communities while reviving heavily degraded ecosystems.

It may improve the aquaculture practices in marginalised areas and encourages the restoration and conservation of mangrove ecosystems. 

It may generate resilient local livelihoods, small-scale business alongside healthy ecosystems, a source of income, and an inclusive economy based on nature-based solutions.

Read More:

‘Shield the Mangrove’: The effects of mangrove deforestation in Sindh’s coastal regions

UAE National Environment Day: 200 mangrove seedlings planted in Sharjah sanctuary

Forest dept identifies 31 wetlands for conservation

Mangroves and coastal protection: A potential triple-win for Bangladesh

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. He has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Other Articles:

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Grasshoppers Translocated to High Elevations

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Bridging the gap between mangrove conservation and shrimp farming

Hindu Minority face extra barriers to climate adaptation in Bangladesh

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Minority
Hindu Minority face extra barriers to climate adaptation in Bangladesh

The obstacle to microfinance and benefits, the Hindu minority in the coastal region of Bangladesh struggled to rebuild their lives after Cyclone Amphan.

Munda people in Bangladesh, a small ethnic minority has been living beside the world’s largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans, for two centuries.

Abu Siddique, a senior journalist at the Dhaka Tribune, has described how this minority had to face the difficulties.

This minority is known as “bunos” or jungle-clearers. The Munda people came to the country from Bihar state in India. They are around 5,000 in number lives in the coastal districts of Khulna and Satkhira.

Suffering from climate change impacts, the Munda are particularly deprived by their minority status, lacking access to microfinance, supports and employment opportunities available to others. An initiative to help them find alternative livelihoods held off due to lack of funds.

Cyclone Amphan made landfall in western Bangladesh in May, triggering a tidal surge that overtopped the riversides and left fields flooded with saltwater for months. 

Over recent years, sea-level rise and reduced river flow caused the increased soil salinity, so the rice could only be grown during the monsoon season. 

After the storm, even that one annual crop became unviable across much of the region.

A few has fallen back on gathering resources from the forest, mainly crabs and fish. But it is not enough for a balanced livelihood. 

As the sea encroaches on farmland, many leads to fish, shrimp and crab farming, or rearing goats. Others migrate in search of seasonal work. But the Munda face extra barriers to these adaptation strategies.

Few Munda families tried to lease some land to cultivate shrimp a few years ago but were refused a loan by local micro-credit organisations.

They are dependent on the mangroves, venturing into the forest two or three times a week for resources they can sell to support their children.

Munda people often had no assets to guarantee repayment of a loan. It is a barrier to getting local micro-credit loan.   

Munda has no representation in local or national government bodies. They often lack awareness of social security entitlements and are not selected by local administrators to benefit from government-run work programmes such as road maintenance.

When there is an emergency like a cyclone, they hardly receive some relief.

They hardly receive such benefits from the mainstream people associated with the vote banks of the authority.

Moving to the cities for work is not easy either. They had to face difficulties to find jobs.

A local campaign group launched a project a few years ago to boost the Munda’s prospects, but it has been put on hold because the funding from donor ran out.

Related Articles:

‘Shield the Mangrove’: The effects of mangrove deforestation in Sindh’s coastal regions

UAE National Environment Day: 200 mangrove seedlings planted in Sharjah sanctuary

Forest dept identifies 31 wetlands for conservation

Mangroves and coastal protection: A potential triple-win for Bangladesh

Read More:

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. He has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Other Articles:

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Grasshoppers Translocated to High Elevations

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Hindu Minority face extra barriers to climate adaptation in Bangladesh

A portfolio of a Brand Designer: Zulker Naeen

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Designer
Brand Designer Profile: Zulker Naeen

No matter what kind of business you’re in, you need a brand designer to build a brand. Your brand is what makes you unique.

It’s what sets you apart from the competition and lets your customers know who you are and what you’re. If your brand is Oppo, your brand identity is the “camera phone.”

Designing your brand identity is a key—and because of its strategic approach, it’s not a task you want to tackle on your own. It takes a certain kind of talent, specifically, brand designers to build a brand from the ground up.

If you’re at the very beginning of the branding process, go with a brand designer.

Just, you may plan to launch your brand. If you’re not exactly sure the direction you want to take your brand, it is a great way to get input from a talented brand designer.

Role of Zulker Naeen as a brand designer.

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the noted lubricants brands in Bangladesh.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.

Google Zulker Naeen to find his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

Zulker Naeen’s portfolio on Orient Lubricants

Zulker Naeen is looking after Orient Brand for the last five years as a market researcher and brand analyst. He mostly put his focus into brand development as well as its segment development. 

Orient Lubricants, which is the first of its kind to domestic lubricants brand, developed its strategy to reach customers from every segment of our country with competitive price option and variety feature based on the preferred customer.

Portfolio says he has worked closely on Orient Lubix Series, Orient Active Gear Series, Orient Ultima, Orient Ultra, Orient Automax, Orient Max 2, Orient Prima, EGO 4T and so on.

His research team usually analyze the product demand and segmentwise market size. 

Based on their findings, Orient extended its product line-up, with the introduction of various economy litter packs like 0.6 litres, 2liters, and 3liters.

That has enriched the “Orient Brand” with various pack size to be a pioneer of the economy brand in Bangladesh.

Orient is one of the fastest growing lubricant brands here in Bangladesh. It has been catering to the automotive and industrial segments since 2014. 

It has potential in several segments of this market.

Here, Orient has spread its product line-up into the automotive and the industrial oil segment.

Its repertoire of automotive products includes high-performance engine oils for buses, tractors, medium or light commercial vehicles, passenger cars, and two-wheelers.

Millions of users have at one time or another used Orient Lubricants for their purposes.

Orient is the flagship brand of Oriental Oil Company Limited, renowned marketers of several global brands in Bangladesh.

A portfolio of a Brand Designer: Zulker Naeen

Mangrove trees in the Sundarbans have weakened

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Mangrove
Mangrove trees in the Sundarbans have weakened

Researchers say the health decline of mangrove trees could critically hamper the Sundarbans’ ability to raise back, making it vulnerable to climate-related extreme weather events.

Highlights: 

  • Increased salinity of the water hampered the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans over the past 30 years. However, the number of trees did not decrease during the period.
  • The study used the Continuous Change Detection and Classification (CCDC) method to the Landsat data. They were more willing to find changes on the earth surface using satellite data to find the specific area changes from being occupied by mangroves to bare soil or water.
  • This method is considered for worldwide application to mangrove monitoring, they claimed.

Sundari tree, the most common mangrove species in the Sundarbans, is becoming unhealthy gradually.

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees.

And, it is due to the effect of increased salinity on Sundari tree. But the continuing climate change could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

About this Study.

A satellite-based data-driven study on world’s mangrove system brought new findings. It says that the effects of climate change could severely hamper the growths of Sundari tree.

Most significantly, the ‘top-dying disease’ is the cause for declining 15% of trees in the Sundarbans since the 80s.

Around 1.44 million cubic meters of Sundari trees have been lost to “top-dying disease in the last 30 years,” experts said.

Top-dying disease among the Sundari, heart-rot disease among the Pashur, and die-back disease in the Kewara, are behind the trees’ rapid decline.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than other mangrove species and has previously identified as suffering from die-back due to rising salinity.

Meanwhile, this recent study did not find any noteworthy decrease in the number of mangroves in Sundarbans last 30 years.

“However, there is evidence of a decline in the health of about 25% of the mangrove trees,” said study author Katie Awty-Carroll of Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales.

Awty-Carroll and his team observed a long 30-year time series of Landsat data of the entire Sundarbans.

However, it is hard to know the proper explanations behind this decline in mangrove health, the scientists think the long-term decrease in mangrove health may be the impact of increased salinity on the Sundari tree.

Accordingly, the analysis shows if 25% of the forest is getting less healthy, those areas will be at greater risk of decline in the future, especially if extreme events such as cyclones become more common,” Awty-Carroll said.

Also, rising sea levels are increasing salinity, severe cyclones, means that the defensive capacity of the Sundarbans could be reduced in future years.

This study also explored the damage of Sidr, which made landfall in Bangladesh in November 2007.

“We estimate that around 11% of the Sundarbans forest was likely to damage by Sidr, which is lower than other estimates,” said Awty-Carroll.

Moreover, they claimed that this study is the only one which looks at damage over the whole of the Sundarbans region immediately after the cyclone’s landfall.

Meanwhile, this study also revealed that the effects of Sidr were still apparent more than ten years after the cyclone made landfall. 

Accordingly, this suggests that cyclones could decrease the health of the mangroves for a long.

However, the main limitation of the study is the absence of on-the-ground measurements to compare the satellite observations. Despite having sufficient data, we have to be cautious in interpreting our results.

Andy Large, a field-based physical geographer with Newcastle University, echoed with this report.

We also know, Climate change has to lead to an increase in the salinity of the water and soil of the Sundarbans— which is another reason for the rapid decline in the number of Mangrove Spices.

Earlier, noted water expert Ainun Nishat said, “Sundari trees have been dying due to the adverse effects of the Farakka and a lack of sweet water.”

Earlier, it was a finding of 30ppm of salinity in the water, declines the disease-prevention capacity of the trees.

Read More:

Sea turtles conflict in the Lakshadweep islands of India

Mangrove trees in the Sundarbans have weakened

Our partnership will continue to deepen under research and market strategy

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Partnership
Zulker Naeen and Morshed Alam at a close conversation.

Two coworkers are committed to strengthening their partnership with the Financial corporation and deepening business impact relationship and cooperation, the representatives said in a corporate meeting.

“Together, we are deepening corporate ties through avenues like research, cooperative agreements, and the integration of new supply chain and platforms into the business structure,” he said.

The partnership between Morshed Alam and Zulker Naeen would continue to deepen under the new framework.

“We will work closely together, and a good demonstration of that is the newcomer first call to his counterpart in the market, and that speaks entrepreneurship,” the representatives said.

Morshed Alam, said, “Fintech plays a key role in Bangladesh, and our cooperation advances our shared vision of a rules-based Finance that promotes the prosperity and security of both parties.”

The growing number of business ventures and small enterprises continue to strengthen the economy of Bangladesh. These companies also create jobs, while exporting products to markets around the world, he added.

Both Zulker Naeen and Morshed Alam are looking for creating new opportunities together, their objective is to transform the market into a real social impact.

Here meet the advisor, Morshed Alam has a twenty-five years record of management and leadership position in many renowned multinational companies.

He is a finance graduate from the University of Dhaka and an M.B.A in Entrepreneurship from the University of Malaya, Malaysia.

His strategic vision and leadership usually drive operational processes, productivity, efficiency, and bottom-line improvements at multi-site organizations.

His philosophy promotes employee participation using creative problem solving to contribute to organizational success.

He loves to create a business to alter our lifestyle and not for the sole purpose of making profits.

He always asks interested people: “Why do you want to be a businessman/ businesswoman?” He believes that business has a God-given power and potential for doing good in the world.

Another coworker is Zulker Naeen, a brand analyst and loves to practice communication. He started his career as a market researcher; however, he is a copywriter by profession.

Since 2016, he is closely working on the engine oil market of Bangladesh. His working experience deals with diverse brands and services. The key objective of this portfolio is to create a common ground of discussion for the market enthusiast.

For the last few years, Zulker Naeen is monitoring this market, not as an individual, rather than a team which publish different insights on the lubricants market.

Zulker Naeen has already published more than fifty newsworthy articles on this market. These articles are especially on market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts.

Latest Posts:
Our partnership will continue to deepen under research and market strategy

Bangladesh govt labelled Al Jazeera report ‘False, defamatory and a politically motivated smear campaign’

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Al Jazeera
Bangladesh govt labelled Al Jazeera report ‘False,

Bangladesh has labelled the Al Jazeera investigative report “All the Prime Minister’s Men” as “False, defamatory and a politically motivated smear campaign”.

“The Government of Bangladesh has learnt of a false and defamatory report titled ‘All the Prime Minister’s Men’ by Al Jazeera news channel,” said Foreign Ministry in a statement.

It said the report is nothing more than a deceptive series of innuendos and insinuations in what is a politically motivated “smear campaign” by disreputable individuals associated with the Jamaat-e-Islami extremist group, which has been differing the progressive and secular principles of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh since its birth in 1971.

The statement said the report’s historical account fails to even mention the horrific genocide in 1971. It is a reflection of the political bias in Al Jazeera’s coverage and that of its principal commentator, David Bergman, convicted by International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh for challenging the official death toll of 1971 Liberation War.

It noted that the main “source” of Al Jazeera’s allegations is an alleged international criminal claimed to be a “psychopath” by Al Jazeera itself, the statement said.

“There is not a single of evidence linking the premier of the rulings party and other state institutions of Bangladesh to this particular individual, and it is highly irresponsible for an international news channel to conclude based on the words of a mentally unstable person,” it said.

The statement said it is also not surprising that the report aligns with the string of anti-Bangladesh propaganda habitually scripted by a few convicted absconding criminals and disgraced individuals patronized by the Jamaat-e-Islami, which on certain occasions has conspired with international extremist groups and news media, especially the Al Jazeera.

The foreign ministry said Bangladesh government rejects this agitated “smear campaign” instigated by extremists and their allies and regrets that Al Jazeera has let itself to become an “Instrument for their malicious political designs” aimed to destabilize the secular democratic government of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh govt labelled Al Jazeera report ‘False, defamatory and a politically motivated smear campaign’

Communications Practitioner Profile: Zulker Naeen

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Communications
Communications Practitioner Profile: Zulker Naeen

Zulker Naeen is a Head of development of branding and communications in Bangladesh, Veedol International Limited UK. His expertise spans the process for developing a strategic communications plan that embeds the trust of their clients and customers.

Zulker’s know-how and field experience mean he has planned to support their clients in delivery to end-users of trusted solutions for the digital and wireless world.

Zulker Naeen – Head of Branding and Content, Bangladesh, Veedol International Limited UK.

Zulker manages Veedol’s branding, corporate publications and social media. He has been with the company for five years in marketing and communication roles based in Bangladesh and South Asia. Prior to this, he worked in Indruk Communications Limited. Zulker speaks English and Bangla and holds a Masters in Communications.

As a strategic planner of Veedol International Limited UK, how does your company value your social activity?

In Bangladesh and other parts of South Asia, we have been involved in social since late 2016 on a project basis but saw the value to apply to our whole organization and created strategic guidelines in late 2018. As a team, we always follow a campaign-based approach using our blog as the hub for our content. And we have seen the value in terms of awareness and web traffic.

Measuring the effectiveness of social media activity is a focus for corporations now. How does your company track the ROI that its social media activity delivers?

Our objective for social media activity is based on raising awareness for our corporate brand and promoting specific offers such as instant payment, the order in bulk or participatory competition. In terms of awareness, we measure the increased web traffic or followers while campaigns based on webinar inscriptions or whitepaper downloads.

What are the unique benefits of social media over other marketing channels?

Social media is likely to use as part of an integrated marketing campaign and we shouldn’t avoid the other channels. However, it offers many returns in terms of reaching people you couldn’t in a physical context and creating word of mouth, as consumers trust their friends more than a brand’s messages. It is also great for SEO and raising web traffic mostly in light of the latest changes to Google’s search algorithm, which favour frequently updated content-rich sites such as blogs over more static corporate sites.

“Social media needs to be used as part of an integrated marketing campaign”

Is social media integrated into existing marketing strategies? How do you go about social media in a broader marketing strategy?

Social only works well if it is an integrated one into wider activities. So, we work on a series of campaigns to promote the corporate brand and specific solutions where it is just one channel of the marketing mix. The mega campaign could also include a web element, tradeshows, direct emailing, PR, customer magazines and more.

Can you outline a recent marketing initiative that included a social media component? How is your company innovating in this area?

One of our high growth areas is insecure access to existing distribution networks. It is a noisy market and many influencers such as bloggers, consultants, analysts etc.

To increase the engagement, we used our blog, Twitter and agency to reach out to influencers to crowdsource the survey questions. The results became a series of blog posts and a whitepaper, which is for lead generation.

I do not believe the tools exist to track how social contacts become sales.

Is social media offering corporations real commercial opportunities to sell their goods?

There have been examples of consumer goods manufacturers such as Apple selling iPhone via Twitter. However, we work in a complex B2B environment with long sales cycles. So far, we do not have any commercial objective behind our activities – this may change later. Usually, we do not believe the tools exist to track how social contacts become sales.

Communications Practitioner Profile: Zulker Naeen

The ongoing collapse of the aquifers

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Aquifers
The ongoing collapse of the aquifers

Like, empty water bottles, the aquifers crumpled, phenomenon geologists call subsidence. By 1970, the land had sunk as much as 28 feet in the valley, with less-than-ideal consequences for the humans and infrastructure above the aquifers.

When we over-exploit underground water supplies, the ground collapses like a big empty water bottle. It is called subsidence, and it could affect 1.6 billion people by 2040.

As the economy of California skyrocketed during the 20th century, its land headed in the opposite direction. A booming agricultural industry in the San Joaquin Valley, combined with punishing droughts, led to the over-extraction of water from aquifers.

Like, empty water bottles, the aquifers crumpled, phenomenon geologists call subsidence. By 1970, the land had sunk as much as 28 feet in the valley, with less-than-ideal consequences for the humans and infrastructure above the aquifers.

The San Joaquin Valley was geologically clued-up for collapse, but its dilemma is not unique. Globally—from the Netherlands to Indonesia to Mexico City—geology is conspiring with climate change to sink the ground under the feet of humanity.

More punishing droughts mean the increased draining of aquifers, and rising seas make the sinking land all the more vulnerable to flooding. 

According to a recent study published in the journal Science, in the next two decades, 1.6 billion people could be affected by subsidence, with possible loses in the trillions of dollars.

“Subsidence has been neglected in a lot of ways because it is slow-moving. You don’t recognize it until you start seeing the damage,” says Michelle Sneed, a land subsidence specialist at the U.S. Geological Survey and co-author on the paper.

“The land sinking itself is not a problem. But if you’re on the coast, it’s a big problem. If you have an infrastructure that crosses long areas, it’s a big problem. If you have deep wells, they’re collapsing because of subsidence. That’s a problem.”

For subsidence to make a problem, you need two things: The right kind of land, and an over-exploited aquifer. Aquifers hold water in between bits of sand, gravel, or clay.

When the amount of clay in an aquifer is eventually high, the grains arrange themselves like plates thrown indiscriminately in a sink.

They have got random orientations, and the water fills in the spaces between the grains. But if you start extracting water from an aquifer, those spaces collapse and the grains draw closer together. 

“Those plates rearrange themselves into more like a stack of dinner plates that you put in your cupboard,” says Sneed. “It takes a lot less space to stack the plates that way. And so that’s the compaction of the aquifer system that then results in land subsidence at the surface.”

But it will not pump more water back into the aquifer force the clay plates back to their random, spacey orientations? Unfortunately, no. 

“It will press those grains apart a little bit. You will get a little bit of expansion in the aquifer system represented as uplift on the land surface. But it is a tiny amount,” says Sneed. 

We are talking maybe three-quarters of an inch of movement. “They’re still stacked like the plates in your cupboard,” she confirmed.

So, at this point, you’ve got a double-barreled problem: The land has sunk and it won’t reinflate, and the aquifers won’t hold as much water as they once did, because they’ve compressed. “And that’s an important point,” says Sneed. “As places around the world, including California, are starting to use aquifer systems as managed reservoirs, the compaction of them before now has reduced their ability to store water.”

As the growing human population and more intense droughts brought on by climate change are putting ever more stress on water supplies, the land is subsiding all over the world.

Some parts of the Indonesian capital of Jakarta, for instance, are sinking as much as 10 inches a year, all while the seas are rising around it. Models estimate that in just three decades, 95% of North Jakarta could be underwater. The situation is so dire, Indonesia is planning to move its capital.

But scientists haven’t modelled global risks of subsidence—until now. To build their model, Sneed and her colleagues scoured the existing literature on land subsidence in 200 locations worldwide. 

They considered those geological factors (high clay content), as well as topology, as subsidence is more likely to happen on flat land. They factored in population and economic growth, data on water use, and climate variables.

The researchers found that planet-wide, subsidence could threaten 4.6 million square miles of land in the next two decades. While that’s just 8% of Earth’s land, humanity tends to build big cities in coastal areas, which are prone to subsidence. So they estimate that, in the end, 1.6 billion people could be affected. The modelling further found that worldwide, subsidence exposes assets totalling a gross domestic product of $8.19 trillion, or 12% of global GDP.

True, gradual subsidence isn’t as destructive as a sudden earthquake or volcanic eruption. “But it will cause these indirect effects or impacts in long run, can produce either damage to structures or infrastructure, or increase floodable areas in these river basins or coastal areas,” says geoscientist Gerardo Herrera-García of the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain, lead author on the paper.

Subsidence is uniquely sensitive to climate change—at least indirectly. On a warmer planet, droughts are longer and more intense. “This is very important,” says Herrera-García. “Because no matter the amount of annual rainfall you have, the most important issue is that you have a prolonged drought period.” 

Dry reservoirs can lead cities to pump even more water out of their aquifers. Once we collapse the structure of an aquifer by equally stacking those plates of clay grains, there is no return. 

For the 1.6 billion people is potentially affected by the subsidence. And it is just by the year 2040—the consequences would be dire, leading to both water shortages and the flooding of low-lying land.

“It’s very startling results,” says USGS coastal geologist Patrick Barnard, who studies subsidence but wasn’t involved in this new work. “Especially coastal megacities—most of the megacities are, in fact, coastal. So, it highlights the issue with coastal flooding.” And urban populations are booming: According to the United Nations, nearly 70% of humans will live in cities by 2050, up from 50% currently.

People has tended to construct its cities where rivers empty into the sea, where the phenomena for subsidence are ideal. Long ago, these rivers deposited sediments loaded with the clay, which people then built upon. 

“The areas that are at high risk are in those kinds of settings near the outlets of river deltas, and where you have low-lying, flat sedimentary basins near coasts,” says the University of California, Berkeley geophysicist Roland Burgmann, who studies subsidence but wasn’t involved in this new work. But you can find this problem inland, too, for instance in Mexico City, which is built on top of the sediments of a former lake and is accordingly suffering from subsidence.

Cities built on landfill are also sinking as that material settles. In the Bay Area megalopolis, for instance, some areas are sinking as much as a third of an inch a year. Modelling estimates from researchers at Arizona State University and UC Berkeley hold that by the end of the century, as much as 165 square miles of the Bay Area could be inundated as land sinks and the sea rises.

Subsidence gets even trickier because its effects can vary dramatically over short distances, depending on factors like local clay composition or which side of an earthquake fault the land happens to be on. So this new global study is great for determining risk on a large scale, but scientists will still have to investigate subsidence with a finer focus.

“This kind of model presented here lays the ground for identifying the areas that are at higher risk,” says Arizona State University geophysicist Manoochehr Shirzaei, who studies subsidence and peer-reviewed the new paper. “And then we deploy monitoring tools and methods to come up with very high-resolution measurements.” 

To get this more localized data, researchers map a landscape using lasers fired from an aircraft and combine that with information from satellites that shoot radar at the ground to determine how quickly it’s sinking.

The only way humanity will have to stave off the subsidence is to stop over-exploiting aquifers, a tall order on a rapidly warming planet. 

“Aquifers will be depleted, one way or another,” says Shirzaei. “It’s not possible to ask people who require freshwater to stop using groundwater because it causes subsidence. So, what are the adaptation strategies?” 

That could mean elevating buildings on lands that are subsiding and flooding. It could mean relying more on desalinating seawater, though that remains highly energy-intensive and therefore expensive. Even, the cities might follow in the footsteps of Los Angeles, which is modifying its streets to collect precious rainwater.

It is a summary; the subsiding cities are up against unstoppable physical forces. “Geology is geology,” says Sneed. “We can’t do anything about that.”

The ongoing collapse of the aquifers

Forests go into growth ‘overdrive’ to recover from droughts

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Forests
Forests go into growth ‘overdrive’ to recover from droughts

A new study reveals that the forests go into growth ‘overdrive’ to recover from droughts. 

One in 12 people might face severe drought every year by 2100, according to a recent study. And water stored on two-thirds of the Earth’s land surface will shrink as the climate warms. 

As plant ecologists, we’re worried about what that means for forests – one of the largest carbon sinks and bigger assets the world has in the fight against climate change.

Droughts can stunt forest growth, kill trees and even change how forests function, or what species they’re made up of. We studied one species, in particular, to understand how trees have responded to past droughts, and how resilient they’re likely to be.

What we found suggests that some trees could rebound from difficult periods with more vitality than we might have imagined, which could be good news for forests facing a drier future.

Tree ring records

Scots pine is one of the most widely distributed conifer species in the world. Across Europe, it supports a broad range of wildlife such as red squirrels and is widely grown for its timber.

In our study, we collected tree rings from an experimental pine forest that scientists planted in Scotland in 1935. 

According to the climate conditions of each season, trees form these rings in their trunks and, in doing so, record how growth varied. Years with a favourable climate generally produce wide tree rings, while bad years with droughts or other stressful weather produce narrow rings.

These rings effectively allow scientists to look back in time. To understand how trees recover from drought, we compared the width of these rings formed in drought years with growth modelled in an average year and throughout their recovery.

Playing catch-up

We found that even trees of the same age and species growing in the same place took very different time lengths to recover from drought. On average, the rate of tree growth took four years to recover to levels that might have been expected if no drought had occurred, with most trees taking between one and six years – though some trees still hadn’t recovered this growth rate nine years later.

After digging a little deeper, we found that the size of each tree before the drought, or how fast it was growing at the time, made a significant difference in how resilient it was. Fast-growing trees bounced back quicker, but larger trees took a long time to achieve growth rates that would have been expected if no drought had happened.

What surprised us was what happened in some trees after growth had recovered. Rather than continuing to grow at rates we might have expected from the temperature and rainfall records in those post-recovery years, the growth of some trees went into overdrive, and these trees started growing faster than in our modelled scenario where no drought had occurred.

While this growth “overdrive” was only temporary and didn’t occur in all of the trees we studied, the combined effect of this compensatory growth was powerful. These trees grew so fast that they started to recover some of the trunk girths that had been lost from the forest as a result of the drought. This meant that the total impact of the drought after nine years was much less than after four years, which is normally the post-drought period similar studies consider.

Compensatory growth happens elsewhere in nature – it’s been recorded in species of fish, grasses and moths. One study found that female greater wax moths deprived of food for 12 hours undergo rapid growth to catch up once food returns, though the cost of this behaviour is a shorter lifespan.

If or how mature trees use compensatory growth to deal with drought is largely unexplored, perhaps because, until now, studies have only captured their short-term response. But our study demonstrates that this mechanism exists in Scots pine, and can help forests recover a lot of the woody biomass that drought robs them of.

We need to see how common this sight is in other species and other parts of the world. Even if this habit is widespread, the ability of trees to compensate for growth lost during a drought will depend on the climate remaining good for growth long after the drought has ended. Similarly, more frequent and severe droughts could quickly overwhelm any benefits.

However, our results suggest that we may be underestimating how resilient some forests are and overestimating how many future droughts will cost trees. It could have implications for climate change, so scientists will need to find out more about this mechanism to strengthen their models. 

We found that trees respond differently to drought, having a variety of sizes and growth rates could leave forests in better stead to respond to the challenges the future will bring.

Keywords related Articles

Climate change

Forests

Climate

Drought

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Tree rings

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Forests go into growth ‘overdrive’ to recover from droughts

COVID-19 is awful. Climate change could be worse.

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Climate Change
COVID-19 is awful. Climate change could be worse.

But in just a few decades, the same description will fit another global crisis: climate change. As awful as this pandemic is, climate change could be worse.

A global crisis has shocked the world. It is causing a tragic number of deaths, making people afraid to leave home, and leading to economic hardship not seen in many generations. Its effects are rippling across the world.

I am talking about COVID-19. But in just a few decades, the same description will fit another global crisis: climate change. As awful as this pandemic is, climate change could be worse.

I realize that it’s hard to think about a problem like climate change right now. When disaster strikes, it is human nature to worry only about meeting our most immediate needs, especially when the disaster is as bad as COVID-19. But the fact that dramatically higher temperatures seem far off in the future does not make them any less of a problem—and the only way to avoid the worst possible climate outcomes is to accelerate our efforts now.

Even as the world works to stop the novel coronavirus and begin recovering from it, we also need to act now to avoid a climate disaster by building and deploying innovations that will let us eliminate our greenhouse gas emissions.

You may have seen projections that, because economic activity has slowed down so much, the world will emit fewer greenhouse gases this year than last year. Although these projections are certainly true, their importance for the fight against climate change has been overstated.

Analysts disagree about how much emissions will go down this year, but the International Energy Agency puts the reduction around 8%. In real terms, that means we will release the equivalent of around 47 billion tons of carbon, instead of 51 billion.

That’s a meaningful reduction, and we would be in great shape if we could continue that rate of decrease every year. Unfortunately, we can’t.

Consider what it’s taking to achieve this 8 percent reduction. More than 600,000 people have died, and tens of millions are out of work. This April, car traffic was half what it was in April 2019. For months, air traffic virtually came to a halt.

“What’s remarkable is not how much emissions will go down because of the pandemic, but how little.”

To put it mildly, this is not a situation that anyone would want to continue. And yet we are still on track to emit 92 percent as much carbon as we did last year. What’s remarkable is not how much emissions will go down because of the pandemic, but how little.

Also, these reductions are being achieved at, literally, the greatest possible cost.

To see why, let’s look at what it costs to avert a single ton of greenhouse gases. This figure—the cost per ton of carbon averted—is a tool that economists use to compare the expense of different carbon-reduction strategies. For example, if you have a technology that costs $1 million, and using it lets you avert the release of 10,000 tons of gas, you’re paying $100 per ton of carbon averted. In reality, $100 per ton would still be pretty expensive. But many economists think this price reflects the true cost of greenhouse gases to society, and it also happens to be a memorable round number that makes a good benchmark for discussions.

Now let’s treat the shutdown caused by COVID-19 as if it were a carbon-reduction strategy. Has closing off major parts of the economy avoided emissions at anything close to $100 per ton?

No. In the United States, according to data from the Rhodium Group, it comes to between $3,200 and $5,400 per ton. In the European Union, it’s roughly the same amount. In other words, the shutdown is reducing emissions at a cost between 32 and 54 times the $100 per ton that economists consider a reasonable price.

“To understand the kind of damage that climate change will inflict, look at COVID-19 and spread the pain out over a much longer period.”

If you want to understand the kind of damage that climate change will inflict, look at COVID-19 and spread the pain out over a much longer period. The loss of life and economic misery caused by this pandemic are on par with what will happen regularly if we do not eliminate the world’s carbon emissions.

Let’s look first at the loss of life. How many people will be killed by COVID-19 versus by climate change? Because we want to compare events that happen at different points in time—the pandemic in 2020 and climate change in, say, 2060—and the global population will change in that time, we can’t compare the absolute numbers of deaths. Instead we will use the death rate: that is, the number of deaths per 100,000 people.

As of last week, more than 600,000 people are known to have died from COVID-19 worldwide. On an annualized basis, that is a death rate of 14 per 100,000 people.

How does that compare to climate change? Within the next 40 years, increases in global temperatures are projected to raise global mortality rates by the same amount—14 deaths per 100,000. By the end of the century, if emissions growth stays high, climate change could be responsible for 73 extra deaths per 100,000 people. In a lower emissions scenario, the death rate drops to 10 per 100,000.

In other words, by 2060, climate change could be just as deadly as COVID-19, and by 2100 it could be five times as deadly.

The economic picture is also stark. The range of likely impacts from climate change and COVID-19 varies quite a bit, depending on which economic model you use. But the conclusion is unmistakable: In the next decade or two, the economic damage caused by climate change will likely be as bad as having a COVID-sized pandemic every ten years. And by the end of the century, it will be much worse if the world remains on its current emissions path.

(If you’re curious, here is the math. Recent models suggest that the cost of climate change in 2030 will likely be roughly 1 percent of America’s GDP per year. Meanwhile, current estimates for the cost of COVID-19 to the United States this year range between 7 percent and 10 percent of GDP. If we assume that a similar disruption happens once every ten years, that’s an average annual cost of 0.7 percent to 1 percent of GDP—roughly equivalent to the damage from climate change.)

“If we learn the lessons of COVID-19, we can approach climate change more informed about the consequences of inaction.”

The key point is not that climate change will be disastrous. The key point is that, if we learn the lessons of COVID-19, we can approach climate change more informed about the consequences of inaction, and more prepared to save lives and prevent the worst possible outcome. The current global crisis can inform our response to the next one.

In particular, we should:

Let science and innovation lead the way. The relatively small decline in emissions this year makes one thing clear: We cannot get to zero emissions simply—or even mostly—by flying and driving less. 

Of course, cutting back is a good thing for those who can afford to do it, as I can. And I believe that many people will use teleconferencing to replace some business travel even after the pandemic is over. But overall, the world should be using more energy, not less—as long as it is clean.

So just as we need new tests, treatments, and vaccines for the novel coronavirus, we need new tools for fighting climate change: zero-carbon ways to produce electricitymake thingsgrow foodkeep our buildings cool and warm, and move people and goods around the world. And we need new seeds and other innovations to help the world’s poorest people—many of whom are smallholder farmers—adapt to a less predictable climate.

Any comprehensive response to climate change will have to tap into many different disciplines. Climate science tells us why we need to deal with this problem, but not howto deal with it. For that, we’ll need biology, chemistry, physics, political science, economics, engineering, and other sciences.

Make sure solutions work for poor countries too. We don’t yet know exactly what impact COVID-19 will have on the world’s poorest people, but I am concerned that by the time this is over, they will have had the worst of it. The same goes for climate change. It will hurt the poorest people in the world the most. 

Consider climate’s impact on death rates. According to a recent study published by Climate Impact Lab, although climate change will push the overall death rate up globally, the overall average will obscure an enormous disparity between rich and poor countries. More than anywhere else, climate change will dramatically increase death rates in poor countries near or below the Equator, where the weather will get even hotter and more unpredictable.

The economic pattern will probably be similar: a modest drop in global GDP, but massive declines in poorer, hotter countries.  

In other words, the effects of climate change will almost certainly be harsher than COVID-19’s, and they will be the worst for the people who did the least to cause them. The countries that are contributing the most to this problem have a responsibility to try to solve it.

Besides, clean sources of energy need to be cheap enough so that low- and middle-income countries can buy them. These nations are looking to grow their economies by building factories and call centers; if this growth is powered by fossil fuels—which are now the most economical option by far—it will be even harder to get to zero emissions.

When there’s a vaccine for the coronavirus, organizations like GAVI will be ready to make sure it reaches the poorest people in the world. But there is no GAVI for clean energy. So governments, inventors, and entrepreneurs around the world need to focus on making green technologies cheap enough that developing countries will not only want them, but be able to afford them.

Start now. Unlike the novel coronavirus, for which I think we’ll have a vaccine next year, there is no two-year fix for climate change. It will take decades to develop and deploy all the clean-energy inventions we need. 

We need to create a plan to avoid a climate disaster—to use the zero-carbon tools we have now, develop and deploy the many innovations we still need, and help the poorest adapt to the temperature increase that is already locked in. Although I am spending most of my time these days on COVID-19, I am still investing in promising new clean energy technologies, building programs that will help innovations scale around the world, and making the case that we need to invest in solutions that will limit the worst impacts of climate change.

Some governments and private investors are committing the funding and the policies that will help us get to zero emissions, but we need even more to join in. And we need to act with the same sense of urgency that we have for COVID-19.

Health advocates said for years that a pandemic was virtually inevitable. The world did not do enough to prepare, and now we are trying to make up for lost time. This is a cautionary tale for climate change, and it points us toward a better approach. If we start now, tap into the power of science and innovation, and ensure that solutions work for the poorest, we can avoid making the same mistake with climate change.

This article is by Bill Gates

COVID-19 is awful. Climate change could be worse.

Key Fact behind unsustainable waste management in Singapore

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Waste
Key Fact behind unsustainable waste management in Singapore

Enhanced government and corporate accountability, with a commitment of the full execution of the EPR law, and more investment into upcycling innovations are yet to make a more sustainable waste management ecosystem in Singapore.

Singapore is well-known for its efficiency, cleanliness and uncountable innovations made in sustainable building design, energy and water efficiency.

Yet contempt aiming to become a ‘Zero Waste Nation’ and devoting heavily in waste management, the island state fares quite weakly when it comes to accountable resource recovery.

Most of Singapore’s trash is incinerated 

Singapore disposes of much of its waste through waste-to-energy initiatives—of the massive 7.23 tonnes of solid waste generated in 2019, more than 40% was incinerated.

According to the National Environment Agency (NEA), incineration reduces waste by up to 90%, saving landfill space, and the heat recovered produces steam used to generate electricity. 

In the words of the recently appointed Minister for Sustainability and the Environment, Grace Fu, Singapore is not “in a hurry” to ban plastic bags because it burns waste to produce energy. 

Waste-to-energy initiatives are, however, not sustainable in the long run

People are not bound to conserve energy when they are misinformed to believe that their electricity comes from ‘green sources’. Moreover, waste-to-energy only accounts for 3% of Singapore’s total electricity needs.

They provide no encouragements to reduce waste volumes or inspire responsible recycling.

However, Singapore has low recycling rates and generates massive waste volumes for such a small city-state.

Resources are lost and misused, making needless demand for virgin materials.

They could ease innovation in waste management, including upcycling waste into other, higher-value products besides electricity, or delay the transition to more renewable energy sources.

Incineration naturally leads to growing carbon emissions, and air pollution could potentially pose a health hazard. Although, experts from the NEA claims that Singapore’s waste-to-energy technology is ecologically and health-friendly.

Since most trash is incinerated, plastic alternatives often advertised as biodegradable may not be more eco-friendly in Singapore’s context. 

They would either need a specialised industry facility to be processed or would need to be left in the landfill to degrade.

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Key Fact behind unsustainable waste management in Singapore

China to start its carbon emissions trading scheme next month

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Carbon
China to start its carbon emissions trading scheme next month

China’s deferred carbon trading system will start operating in February, the environment ministry has said, as the world’s main polluter takes standings towards decarbonising its economy by 2060.

The ministry issued rules on Tuesday permitting regional governments to set pollution caps for big power industries for the very first time.

Firms can purchase the right to pollute from others who have a lower carbon footprint, but the plan is likely to drive down total emissions by turning it more costly to do so.

“This is one of the most exciting developments for the world’s largest carbon market in the recent rollercoaster year,” said Zhang Jianyu, vice president of the Environmental Defence Fund China, which has referred with the government on emissions trading.

However, 60% of power in China is still based on coal despite striving renewable energy targets, and experts advise the powerful coal lobby will be demanding hard for constructive carbon caps.

Under the new guidelines, more than 2,200 firms that release over 26,000 tonnes of greenhouse gases per year can start exchanging their emission quotas from Feb 1.

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China’s countrywide system is likely to conceal that of the European Union to become the world’s largest emissions trading scheme (ETS).

Beijing has promised to peak emissions before 2030 and become carbon neutral 30 years later. But it turned back preliminary plans to limit emissions from seven other industries including aviation, steel and petrochemical manufacturing.

“When Europe started its exchange scheme in 2005, there were matters in the first phase where members were kind of conceding into lobbying pressure,” said Li Shuo from Greenpeace China.

China’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2019 were projected at 13.92 billion tonnes – about 29% of the world’s total associated with global warming.

Once fully effective, the ETS will cover about a third of China’s national emissions, according to the International Carbon Action Partnership.

However, it is uncertain whether China will comprise businesses outside the power sector in the system.

Source: AFP/NH

If global warming is happening, our question is how can the Earth’s atmosphere be getting colder?

In some ways, this query repeats another by climate change skeptics: If global warming is happening, why is it colder in some places than earlier years? For one thing, weather and seasons are still occurring. 

Equally, colder weather in some areas is contradicted with hotter temperatures in other places, and research suggests that global warming might be discharging surrounded cold air. 

Similarly, even as the lower atmosphere is warming, a new study revealed that the Earth’s upper atmosphere is cooling because of rising carbon dioxide levels and variations in the magnetic field. 

“The rise in CO2 concentration is the foremost cause of cooling in the upper atmosphere, while effects of magnetic field changes also play a significant role near the poles, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere,” remarked Ingrid Cnossen, a fellow at the British Antarctic Survey and author of the study.

While the troposphere, the layer contiguous to the Earth, cools as you go upper, the next level — the stratosphere — truly warms as you get nearer to the sun. 

Even upper layers, including the mesosphere and thermosphere, are mostly cold, but the research found that temperatures have been falling even further in all three layers.

It is not clear whether global warming, which impacts the troposphere, is behind the cooling of upper layers, Cnossen said, but these effects of climate change could have stern results on everything from melting glaciers to humans’ ability to fly.

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Amazon rainforest will disappear by 2064, researchers predict

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

What you need to know about climate change now

Will global covid-19 lockdowns help the climate change crisis?

Most states are below their greenhouse gas reduction goals: report

These are the 10 countries most at risk from the effects of climate change

The 10 countries most likely to survive the imminent threats of climate change

First climate warnings on gas pumps to appear in us

Poll finds 7 of 10 voters favor strong government action on climate change

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe? 

China to start its carbon emissions trading scheme next month

Is climate change cooling the Earth’s upper atmosphere?

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Climate Change
Is climate change cooling the Earth's upper atmosphere?

Surprisingly, climate change might be cooling the Earth’s upper atmosphere. But yes, global warming is still happening.

Story at a glance

  • Global warming is escalating average temperatures across the world and triggering extreme weather events.
  • Similarly, a new study revealed that temperatures of the Earth’s upper atmosphere are cooling.
  • These deviations might have a consequence on both climate and aeroplane technology.

If global warming is happening, our question is how can the Earth’s atmosphere be getting colder?

In some ways, this query repeats another by climate change skeptics: If global warming is happening, why is it colder in some places than earlier years? For one thing, weather and seasons are still occurring. 

Equally, colder weather in some areas is contradicted with hotter temperatures in other places, and research suggests that global warming might be discharging surrounded cold air. 

Similarly, even as the lower atmosphere is warming, a new study revealed that the Earth’s upper atmosphere is cooling because of rising carbon dioxide levels and variations in the magnetic field. 

“The rise in CO2 concentration is the foremost cause of cooling in the upper atmosphere, while effects of magnetic field changes also play a significant role near the poles, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere,” remarked Ingrid Cnossen, a fellow at the British Antarctic Survey and author of the study.

While the troposphere, the layer contiguous to the Earth, cools as you go upper, the next level — the stratosphere — truly warms as you get nearer to the sun. 

Even upper layers, including the mesosphere and thermosphere, are mostly cold, but the research found that temperatures have been falling even further in all three layers.

It is not clear whether global warming, which impacts the troposphere, is behind the cooling of upper layers, Cnossen said, but these effects of climate change could have stern results on everything from melting glaciers to humans’ ability to fly.

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Amazon rainforest will disappear by 2064, researchers predict

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

What you need to know about climate change now

Will global covid-19 lockdowns help the climate change crisis?

Most states are below their greenhouse gas reduction goals: report

These are the 10 countries most at risk from the effects of climate change

The 10 countries most likely to survive the imminent threats of climate change

First climate warnings on gas pumps to appear in us

Poll finds 7 of 10 voters favor strong government action on climate change

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe? 

Is climate change cooling the Earth's upper atmosphere?

Soil bacteria can help to control climate change

1
Bacteria
Soil bacteria can help to control climate change

Soil bacteria can live on air – and also assist to control climate change.

Soil plays a significant role in regulating climate change than earlier thought according to a new study co-authored by an academic from Queen Mary University of London.

This study found that over 70% of soil bacteria can living off the small amounts of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and methane in the air, assisting to control atmospheric pollution.

Gas meeting energy needs

The findings, issued in Nature Microbiology, disclose that as many as 19 different bacterial groups (or phyla) can live on small gas amounts, allowing that oxidation of most of these trace gases is a generalist process, rather than an expert one as earlier recommended.

Dr James Bradley, Lecturer in Environmental Science at Queen Mary University of London and co-author of the study said: “We usually think of organic carbon being the main source of energy to soil microbes. Our findings shows that in fact, these soil microbes use trace gases such as hydrogen to get their energy needs.

“The response of hydrogen and oxygen emits a lot of energy – enough that it is frequently used in aerospace engineering to launch rockets into orbit. Now we know that these substitute reactions are widespread among soil microbes, and supply at least sufficient energy to meet their basic energy needs.”

Dr Bradley’s previous research on seafloor sediment, issued in 2020, revealed consequences for potential life in other parts of the solar system.

Implications for understanding bacteria

Led by Dr Sean Bay, Dr Eleonora Chiri, and Associate Professor Chris Greening from the Biomedicine Discovery Institute at Monash University, Australia, the recent study has suggestions for understanding how bacteria endures. 

“The remark that trace gases may tolerate most soil bacteria has extensive implications for understanding how bacteria outline the composition of the air we breathe, and for understanding microbial biodiversity and resilience in a changing world,” Dr Chiri said.

With bacteria accepting this flexible diet it gives researchers a new knowledge of how extensive and fruitful soils can be and how microorganisms familiarise to live in different environments. Bacteria with the metabolic flexibility to use both organic and mineral energy sources are likely to have a specific advantage in soil environments.

In normal environments, most microorganisms are not rising and instead exist in several dormant states, kind of “hibernating” during tough times. 

How they do so is not clear, and yet, research on microbial metabolism often emphases on comparatively few bacteria easy to grow in laboratory conditions, while supervising the dormant majority.

“Our study is rewriting our existing knowledge of how the dormant majority survives in soils, showing that its existence depends on an earlier unknown metabolic flexibility”, Dr Bay said.

Reference: 

Bay, S.K., Dong, X., Bradley, J.A. et al. Trace gas oxidizers are widespread and active members of soil microbial communities. Nature Microbiology (2021)

Study Geography at Queen Mary.

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Amazon rainforest will disappear by 2064, researchers predict

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Soil bacteria can help to control climate change

Amazon rainforest will disappear by 2064, researchers predict

2
Amazon
Amazon rain-forest will disappear by 2064

In a newspaper issued in the peer-reviewed journal Environment, scientist Robert Walker has prophesied that the unrelieved deforestation will demolish the Amazon rainforests by 2064 and the green protection will be wiped away from its existence.

The fellow at the University of Florida in his findings has said that in the years to come, it will turn into a grassland. The land will have inflammable grasses and plants, informed the Daily Mail

According to the newspaper, the rise of drought-based tree mortality is the main concern. It will twig from the synergies of fire and deforestation.

The deviations in the regional hydroclimate are said to impact the Amazon rainforest. The droughts are destroying off the vulnerable tree species of the rainforest. 

According to the newspaper, the disaster will be worse than our imagination because of the necessity of the local community on the Amazon rainforest for water.

Not only for the local community, but the effect is also going to be on the world as well. The main tropical forest which is covered around 2.3 million square miles in area controls the oxygen and carbon cycle of the ecosphere and cuts air pollution. It is the reason for calling the lungs of the Earth.

It is thought that the year 2064 will be a tipping point as the droughts will be so regular that the rainforest will not be able to improve from them. Now, they occur every four years.

The facts behind deforestation of the forestry are many but the key one is the removal of the forest land-dwelling to use it for the farming of crops. According to Professor Robert, the collapse of environmental governance in Amazonian countries, most significantly Brazil, are counting to the concerns people have about the future of the rainforest.

He added that deforestation grasped a low point in 2012 when actions were taken to curb it but soon started rising again. 

An expert from the University of Leeds, Dr Adriane Muelbert has said that the retort of the ecosystem is lagging behind the frequency of climate change. 

She said that a significant level of mortality was seen in the trees and the species that are prepared to survive drier climates also didn’t give enough compensatory growth.

Professor Robert agrees with Dr Adriane as he said that if a canopy needs more than four years to recover from the harm in one year, then a forest can’t survive. The length of the dry season has also enlarged which doesn’t give the canopies sufficient time to grow.

Original Article: 

Collision Course: Development Pushes Amazonia Toward Its Tipping Point

Reference:

Robert Toovey Walker (2021) Collision Course: Development Pushes Amazonia Toward Its Tipping Point, Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 63:1, 15-25, DOI: 10.1080/00139157.2021.1842711

Read More

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

 If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Amazon rainforest will disappear by 2064, researchers predict

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

8
Climate Change
Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

The world continued to compensate for a very high price for extreme weather in 2020, according to an explanation from the charity Christian Aid.

In a background of climate change, its study identifies 10 events that observed thousands of lives lost and major insurance costs.

Six of the events happened in Asia, with floods in China and India triggering damage of more than $40bn.

In the US, highest hurricanes and wildfires instigated some $60bn in losses.

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Warmer winters linked to increased drowning risk

Although the world has been stressed to get to clutches with the coronavirus pandemic, millions of people have also had to deal with the effects of life-threatening weather events.

Christian Aid’s list of ten storms, fires and floods all cost at least $1.5bn – with nine of the 10 estimating at least $5bn.

An unusually rainy monsoon season was related to some of the most harmful storms in Asia, where some of the major losses were. Over dated months, heavy flooding in India got more than 2,000 deaths with millions of people expatriated from their homes.

The worth of the insured losses is appraised at $10bn.

China suffered even greater financial damage from flooding, sequentially to around $32bn between June and October this year. The loss of life from these events was much lesser than in India.

While these were slow-moving disasters, some events did massive damage in a quick period.

Cyclone Amphan struck the Bay of Bengal in May and triggered losses valued at $13bn in just a few days.

“We saw highest temperatures in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, spanning between 30°C-33°C,” said Dr Roxy Mathew Koll, a climate scientist at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in Pune.

“These high temperatures had the features of marine heatwaves that might have led to the rapid escalation of the pre-monsoon cyclones Amphan and Nisarga,” he said in a comment on the Christian Aid study.

“Amphan was one of the sturdiest cyclones ever logged in the Bay of Bengal during the pre-monsoon season.”

Africa was also on the getting end of life-threatening events, with massive locust swarms ruining crops and vegetation to the tune of $8.5bn.

The UN has linked these swarms to climate change, with remarkably heavy rains in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa in topical years causing to the locust outbreaks.

Europe also observed noteworthy impacts when Storm Ciara swept through Ireland, the UK and some other countries in February.

It caused in 14 lives being lost and damages of $2.7bn.

Christian Aid address that these figures for financial costs are likely an undervalues as they are grounded only on insured losses.

Richer countries have more treasured properties, and on the whole, suffer greater monetary forfeits from extreme events.

But financial losses don’t carry the full impact of these storms and fires.

While South Sudan’s floods weren’t among the highest in dollar terms, they have had a massive impact, killing 138 people and destroying this year’s crops.

Researchers say that the impact of climate change on extreme events is vigorous and likely to continue rising.

“Just like 2019 before it, 2020 has been full of disastrous extremes,” said Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, from the Climate Change Research Centre at the University of New South Wales in Australia.

“We have observed all this with a 1°C of global average temperature rise, prioritizing the complex relationship between average conditions and extremes.”

“Ultimately, the effects of climate change will be stroked via the extremes, and not averaged changes.”

“Unfortunately, we can suppose more years to look like 2020 – and inferior – as world temperatures creep higher.”

While 2021 is likely to take a similar story of losses from life-threatening events, there is some sense of confidence that political leaders may be on the edge of captivating steps that might help the world tackle the worst excesses of rising temperatures.

“It is vital that 2021 leaders in a new era of action to turn this climate change surge,” said report author, Dr Kat Kramer, from Christian Aid.

“With President-elect Biden in the White House, social movements across the world calling for vital action, post-COVID-19 green regaining investment and a crucial UN climate summit hosted by the UK, there is a great chance for countries to put us on a route to a safe future.”

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Climate change: Extreme weather reasons massive losses in 2020

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

5
Coral Reef
Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has informed that the Caribbean, addressing other places, might lose its coral reefs by the end of the century until there is a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions.

“In the aspect of indecision, coral reefs will disappear soon,” said Leticia Carvalho, head of UNEP’s Marine and Freshwater Branch. 

“People must act with evidence-based perseverance, determination and innovation to change the path for this ecosystem, which is the canary in the coal mine for climate’s effect on oceans before it’s too late,” she added.

UNEP said coral reefs are “Unbelievably important and sustain an extensive variety of marine life”.

They also shield coastlines from erosions from waves and storms, sink carbon and nitrogen, and help recycle nutrients.

“Their damage would have overwhelming consequences not only for marine life but also for over a billion people globally who benefit directly or indirectly from them,” it said. “When water temperatures increase, corals eject the vibrant microscopic algae living in their tissues.”

This phenomenon is called coral bleaching – and although bleached corals are still alive, they can recover their algae, if conditions improve.

“However, the damage puts them under amplified stressed, and if the bleaching persists, the corals die,” UNEP warned.

It said the last global bleaching event started in 2014 and prolonged well into 2017.

UNEP said it spread across the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans, and was “the longest, most persistent and disparaging coral bleaching incident ever noted.”

In its report Forecasts of Future Coral Bleaching Conditions, UNEP summaries the links between coral bleaching and climate change.

It assumes two possible scenarios: a “worst-case scenario” of the world economy severely determined by fossil fuels, and a “middle-of-the-road” wherein Caribbean and other countries overdo their current pledges to limit carbon emissions by 50%.

Under the fossil-fuel-heavy situation, the report assumes that every one of the world’s reefs will bleach by the end of the century, with yearly severe bleaching occurring on average by 2034, nine years ahead of predictions published three years ago.

“This would outline the point of no return for reefs, cooperating their ability to supply a range of ecosystem services, including food, coastal protection, medicines and recreation opportunities,” the report informs.

Should countries achieve the “middle-of-the-road” scenario, severe bleaching could be deferred by 11 years, to 2045, UNEP said.

The report’s lead author, Ruben van Hooidonk, a coral researcher with America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), said “the miserable part is that the forecasts are even more terrible than before.

“We try to reduce our carbon emissions to save these reefs,” he said. 

“This report explains that we need to do it even more instantly and take more action because it’s even worse than we thought.”

According to UNEP, while it is yet to precisely how corals adapt to changing temperatures, the report detects any opportunity of these adaptations pretentious between 0.25 degree Celsius and 2 degrees Celsius of warming.

It creates that every quarter degree of adaption leads to a possible seven-year suspension in projected annual bleaching.

That means corals could obtain a 30-year absolution from severe bleaching if they can familiarise to 1 degree Celsius of warming, the report says.

“However, if people keep up with its existing greenhouse-gas emissions, corals won’t last even with 2 degrees Celsius of adaptation,” it advises.

Saving the coral

Over the year, we have been searching for how people are reacting to climate change.

In June, we heard from the head of a team of researchers in Hawaii,

ground-breaking new techniques to preserve living coral, and eventually, save the biodiversity and genetic variety of coral reefs across the world.

Mary Hagedorn told UN News that one of the major threats to coral reefs in the warming of the oceans, which causes them more acidic and averts the coral from captivating the calcium carbonate that needs to grow.

You can go through the full story here.

To Read: Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Coral reefs in danger until a radical decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

0
Climate
Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

The rising impacts of climate change have already forced more than 18 million people to migrate within South Asian countries, but that could more than triple if global warming remains on its existing rate, researchers informed.

Approximately 63 million people could be pushed from their homes by 2050 in South Asia as rising seas and river-side villages, and drought-hit land no longer helps crops, said ActionAid International and Climate Action Network South Asia in a report.

The forecast doesn’t include those who will force to flee unexpected disasters such as floods and cyclones, and so, is likely an irony, noted Harjeet Singh, global climate lead at ActionAid.

He said the consequence could become “catastrophic”.

Many will move to towns and cities from rural areas within their own countries, in search of work, he said.

There they will take shelter in slum areas exposed to flooding and with limited access to social services, doing perilous jobs such as rickshaw-pulling, construction or garment-making.

“Politicians in the Global North and the Global South are not yet awakening to this reality,” Singh told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “They aren’t understanding the scale of the problem, and how we are going to deal with (it).”

He requested rich nations with high global-warming emissions to increase efforts to reduce their carbon pollution and afford more funding for South Asian countries to make cleanly and explain to conditions on a warming planet.

If governments achieve a globally agreed goal to bound warming to below 2 degrees Celsius, the number of people driven to move in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Nepal could be limit almost by half by 2050, the report said.

It develops on research published in 2018 by the World Bank, which said unrestrained climate change could cause more than 140 million people to migrate within their nations’ borders by 2050 in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America.

The new report, which used a recent version of the same methodology, raises the original 2050 prediction for South Asian migration by about half, adding in new statistics on sea-level rise, as well as the consequences of ecosystem losses and droughts.

This updated report also tracks anticipated migration on a greater scale.

Preparing for movement

The forecasts have financial consequences for nations such as India and Bangladesh, where poor people often lack the means to go far from their native homes to safer places without national support.

The new statistics show the biggest number of people are likely to migrate by 2050 in India, at more than 45 million.

But the country with the intense projected rise in migration in Bangladesh, with a seven-fold increase from today.

The report included examples collected by aid workers of people who have already been hit by deteriorating climate pressures.

In Pakistan’s arid Tharparkar district, Rajo, 37, and her husband, both labourers, moved to three different places in their area in the last three years to escape hunger caused by severe drought.

She lost a baby because of the heavy lifting in her job and had to borrow money from the landowner to cover medical bills for her family, told the researchers.

Kabita Maity, from an island in the Sundarbans delta region of India, had to migrate five times as earlier homes were gobbled up by the sea.

“We will have to stay here until the sea pushes us out, as we don’t have funds to buy land and relocate inwards,” Maity was quoted as saying.

The report called on South Asian governments to do more to prepare for deteriorating shift linked to climate change – and highlighted the importance of acting now to limit the number of people who will push to migrate in the future.

It recommended strengthening social protection systems to provide cash, and work for those affected by climate extremes and educating the basic services for migrant workers in towns – now hit doubly by the COVID-19 pandemic, with many left unemployed.

Measures that can help avoid “distress migration” include encouraging farming methods that keep soils in good condition, managing water more efficiently, improving access to markets or cultivating new crops and ways to earn money, the report noted.

Where people will move, authorities need to confirm the land is safe and fertile, tenure rights are secure, and people have enough money to build new homes, it added.

Sanjay Vashist, director of Climate Action Network South Asia, said undertaking poverty and difference also needed to be part of regional responses to climate migration.

“South Asian leaders must join forces and fix plans for the safety of migrating people,” he said in a statement.

This report has prepared based on the Thomson Reuters Foundation, Barcelona.

To Read: Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Climate change could cause 63 million migrants in South Asia by 2050

Grasshoppers Translocated to High Elevations

1
Ecological
Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

Scientists from ETH Zürich, the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), and the University of Neuchâtel researched to see what could happen if herbivores—including different grasshoppers from middle elevations—inhabitant in alpine meadows at advanced elevations and came across new plant communities there. The study was issued recently in the Science journal.

Different grasshopper species those were translocated from middle altitudes (1,400 m above sea level) to three alpine grassland sites at elevations of 1800, 2070, and 2270 m above sea level, where the grasshoppers were in cages. The researchers detached local grasshoppers from the investigational areas before the experiment, performed in the Anzeindaz region in the Vaud Alps.

As part of the study, the team restrained how the biomass, structure, and composition of the alpine plant communities diverse under the impact of the herbivorous insects. They also investigated whether certain plant species were more exposed to herbivory, for example, plants with rough leaves, or those that contain more silica or other components like tannins or phenols.

Lowland Grasshoppers Influence Alpine Community

The ecologists found that the feeding activities of the grasshoppers had a clear impact on the flora structure and conformation of the alpine flora. Alpine communities show clear structure in the organization of the canopy, where plants with tough leaves are at the top, and more shade-tolerant plants with softer leaves are at the bottom.

However, there was an impact on this natural organization since the translocated grasshoppers tended to feed on taller and tough alpine plants, which had functional characteristics like leaf structure, chemical defence, nutrient content, or growth form analogous to those of their previous, lower-elevation food plants.

Thus, the insects reduced the biomass of dominant, tough alpine plants, thereby supporting the growth of smaller plant species evaded by the herbivores. It led to a growth in the total plant diversity in the short term.

“Immigrant herbivores consume specific plants in their new location and these changes, and it reorganises the competitive interaction between those alpine plant species.”

Patrice Descombes, Study First Author, ETH Zürich

Global warming, for example, could distress the ecological balance since mobile animals, such as the different species of herbivorous insects, can extend their habitat to higher elevations more quickly associated with sedentary plants.

Thus, herbivorous insects from lower altitudes could make their way into alpine habitats. Their resident plants are ineffectively or entirely not ready to protect themselves against the new herbivores.

That could change the current structure and purpose of alpine plant communities as a whole. Consequently, climate change would have an unintended effect on ecosystems, apart from the direct consequences of increasing temperatures.

Important Drivers of Changed Ecosystems

According to Loïc Pellisier, Professor of Landscape Ecology at ETH Zürich and WSL, this indirect impact of climate change on ecosystems is one of the most crucial results to be obtained from the study.

“Climate impact research has largely investigated the direct effects of temperature on ecosystems, but these novel interactions that arise between species moving into new habitats could generate important structural modifications. They are important drivers of changed ecosystems in an increasingly warm climate.”

Loïc Pellisier, Professor of Landscape Ecology, ETH Zürich

Using the study outcomes, the researchers aim to improve models that have fallen short of totally contributing such processes until now. Moreover, they hope that this will increase the prognosis of how climate change will affect the functioning of ecosystems and the services they offer.

Journal Reference:

Descombes, P., et al. (2020) Novel trophic interactions under climate change promote alpine plant coexistence. Sciencedoi.org/10.1126/science.abd7015.

Source: https://ethz.ch/en.html

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

When novel organisms change to a new habitat, they could encourage the ecological balance that has been formed over a long time. Herbivores and plants are classified by long-term co-evolution, which has formed not only their geographic distribution but also the features that they show in their habitats.

At higher advancements, insect herbivores are less plentiful in general, leading to plants being less well-protected against herbivores, due to quicker growing seasons and lower energy.

Besides, plant species natural to lower raises safeguard themselves against more varied and plentiful herbivores by having thorns or hair, spikes, or toxic substances. This environmental organization could be affected by climate change.

To Read: Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Grasshoppers Translocated to High Elevations

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

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Ecological
Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

When novel organisms change to a new habitat, they could encourage the ecological balance that has been formed over a long time. Herbivores and plants are categorised by long-term co-evolution, which has formed not only their geographic distribution but also the features that they show in their habitats.

At higher advancements, insect herbivores are less plentiful in general, leading to plants being less well-protected against herbivores, due to quicker growing seasons and lower energy.

Besides, plant species natural to lower raises safeguard themselves against more varied and plentiful herbivores by having thorns or hair, spikes, or toxic substances. This environmental organization could be affected by climate change.

Grasshoppers Translocated to High Elevations

Scientists from ETH Zürich, the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), and the University of Neuchâtel experimented to see what could happen if herbivores—including different grasshoppers from middle elevations—inhabitant in alpine meadows at advanced elevations and came across new plant communities there. The study was issued recently in the Science journal.

Different grasshopper species were translocated from middle altitudes (1,400 m above sea level) to three alpine grassland sites at elevations of 1800, 2070, and 2270 m above sea level, where the grasshoppers were kept in cages. The researchers detached local grasshoppers from the investigational areas before the experiment, which was performed in the Anzeindaz region in the Vaud Alps.

As part of the study, the team restrained how the biomass, structure, and composition of the alpine plant communities diverse under the impact of the herbivorous insects. They also investigated whether certain plant species were more exposed to herbivory, for example, plants with harder leaves, or those that contain more silica or other components like tannins or phenols.

Lowland Grasshoppers Influence Alpine Community

The ecologists found that the feeding activities of the grasshoppers had a clear impact on the flora structure and conformation of the alpine flora. Alpine communities show clear structure in the organization of the canopy, where plants with tough leaves are at the top and more shade-tolerant plants with softer leaves are at the bottom.

However, there was an impact on this natural organization since the translocated grasshoppers tended to feed on taller and tough alpine plants, which had functional characteristics like leaf structure, chemical defence, nutrient content, or growth form analogous to those of their previous, lower-elevation food plants.

Thus, the insects reduced the biomass of dominant, tough alpine plants, thereby supporting the growth of smaller plant species evaded by the herbivores. This led to a growth in the total plant diversity in the short term.

“Immigrant herbivores consume specific plants in their new location and this changes and reorganises the competitive interaction between those alpine plant species.”

Patrice Descombes, Study First Author, ETH Zürich

Global warming, for example, could distress the ecological balance since mobile animals, such as the different species of herbivorous insects, can extend their habitat to higher elevations more quickly associated to sedentary plants.

Thus, herbivorous insects from lower altitudes could simply make their way into alpine habitats where resident plants are ineffectively or entirely not ready to protect themselves against the new herbivores.

This could change the current structure and purpose of alpine plant communities as a whole. Thus, climate change would have an unintended effect on ecosystems, apart from the direct consequences of increasing temperatures.

Important Drivers of Changed Ecosystems

According to Loïc Pellisier, Professor of Landscape Ecology at ETH Zürich and WSL, this indirect impact of climate change on ecosystems is one of the most crucial results to be obtained from the study.

“Climate impact research has largely investigated the direct effects of temperature on ecosystems, but these novel interactions that arise between species moving into new habitats could generate important structural modifications. They are important drivers of changed ecosystems in an increasingly warm climate.”

Loïc Pellisier, Professor of Landscape Ecology, ETH Zürich

Using the study outcomes, the researchers aim to improve models that have fallen short of completely contributing such processes until now. Moreover, they hope that this will increase the prognosis of how climate change will affect the functioning of ecosystems and the services they offer.

Journal Reference:

Descombes, P., et al. (2020) Novel trophic interactions under climate change promote alpine plant coexistence. Sciencedoi.org/10.1126/science.abd7015.

Source: https://ethz.ch/en.html

To Read: Tunisia’s ancient Olives are struggling to keep up with climate change

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Climate Change Could Affect Ecological Balance in Higher Altitudes

Few corals can recover from bleaching during long aquatic heatwaves

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Coral Reef
climate change could devastate nearly all of Earth's coral reef habitats by 2100

Climate change is making aquatic heatwaves extensive and more frequent, which has caused several mass coral bleaching events in recent years. Now it looks that few corals can recover from bleaching even while aquatic heatwaves are unending.

During a tropical aquatic heatwave between 2015 and 2016, Julia Baum at the University of Victoria in Canada and her colleagues studied corals around Kiritimati in the central Pacific Ocean, the foremost coral island in the world.

The aquatic heatwave was the extended ever documented. “Scientists had projected that no coral reef would observe that much heat stress until mid-century,” says Baum.

Baum’s team categorized more than 100 corals of two species – Platygyra ryukyuensis and Favites pentagona – at many sites around the island. Some were in places close to populated villages, meaning they had already been troubled, and others were in areas that were primaeval before the heatwave began. The group snapped and traced individual corals over the progression of the heatwave.

The team was astonished to notice that some corals survived bleaching, improving even though the water temperature was still raised.

These corals primarily cohabited with heat-sensitive symbiotic algae, tolerated the bleaching event, and then improved by teaming up with heat-tolerant symbionts.

In regular marine temperatures, heat-sensitive algae are plentiful partners to their coral hosts, photosynthesizing and giving the corals with energy. Corals in companionships with heat-sensitive algae look fatter because they can make lipid reserves, says Baum.

“Corals are only shown this ability to recover from bleaching while still in hot water if they weren’t also exposed to strong local stressors,” says Baum.

The team identified that corals in highly troubled areas confined mainly heat-tolerant symbionts before the heatwave. Although they primarily counterattacked bleaching, F. pentagona corals that began with heat-tolerant algae had no existence advantage, and P. ryukyuensis corals with the symbionts were essentially 3.3 times less likely to live.

The results indicate that local shield of corals is helpful in the face of climate change, says Baum.

Journal reference: Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19169-y

Read more: Some corals ‘killed’ by climate change are now returning to life

Reef-building corals can make unpredicted recoveries from climate change-induced damage. 

It turns out that some corals only look defunct when exposed to unusually warm water. Instead, the coral’s polyps shrink and flight into their hard skeleton, making the reef appear dead, before recolonizing the skeleton when conditions are better. It is an endurance method never seen before in today’s corals – but it may not help the corals as the climate endures to change.

Corals have been hard hit by warming waters. Reefs globally, including the Great Barrier Reef, are edging towards collapse. The slow-growing endangered species Cladocora caespitosa is particularly exposed to destruction with little sign so far as to whether it can regenerate.

Journal reference: Science Advances, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax2950

To Read: What is the Climate Action Summit?

The Climate Action Summit is over. Some 70 Heads of Government, along with local and city leaders, and heads of major businesses, have delivered a series of new measures, policies and plans, aimed at making a big hollow in greenhouse gas emissions, and ensuring that the warming of the planet is limited to 1.5°C.

The number of states coming frontward with reinforced national climate plans (NDCs) grew remarkably today, with commitments covering some of the top emitters globally on display.

The UK, which is organizing next year’s UN Climate Conference, declared that it aims to cut emissions by 68%, compared to 1990 levels, within the next five years, and the European Union bloc committed to a 55% cut over the same time dated.

At least 24 states announced new pledges, strategies or plans to reach carbon neutrality, and several states set out how they are going even more, with resolute dates to reach net-zero: Finland by 2035, Austria by 2040 and Sweden by 2045.

Pakistan declared that its sparring plans for new coal power plants, India will soon more than double its renewable energy target, and China committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel in primary energy consumption to around 25% by 2030. 

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Few corals can recover from bleaching during long aquatic heatwaves

Earth is even closer to 1.5°C of global warming

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Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100
Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100

Global carbon emissions may have temperate Earth by 18% more than formerly thought, hoisting the outlook of the world having less time than estimated to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and evade tragic climate change.

The global average temperature is expected to have scaled about 1.07°C since the industrial revolution, up from a prior estimate of 0.91°C.

This revise brings all three of the world’s key temperature data sets in the line, signifying the real temperature rise is at the higher end of preceding ranges.

The result means governments may have less time to limit carbon emissions to grasp the temperature rise to 1.5°C or 2°C under the Paris contract, and recent estimates of future warming may rise too.

“Climate change hasn’t rapidly got worse. It’s just our assessment of how much warming has taken place has enhanced,” says Tim Osborn at the University of East Anglia, UK, who today published a paper with Met Office colleagues on the fifth update to the data, known as the Hadley Centre Climatic Research Unit Temperature (HadCRUT5).

The 18% increase is the highest in years of HadCRUT revisions but brings it approximately in line with the two other main data sets used to observe global temperatures, run by US agencies NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

It is remarkable how strongly these three independent data sets now resemble one another, says Kate Marvel at Columbia University, New York, who wasn’t engaged to Osborn’s paper.

The change was overdue, say, climate scientists. “Honestly, many of us have extensively documented that the HadCRUT data set overestimated the warming,” says Michael Mann at Pennsylvania State University.

There are two key reasons for the 0.16°C upwards changes in the previous warming. The biggest was changes to how the HadCRUT team looked at sea surface temperatures, distinctively how it was calculated by ships taking the temperature of seawater in their engine rooms.

The new is that gaps in the data set’s reporting of the Arctic, which has been warming two to three times as fast as the global average, have been filled in. Before grid squares for the region were left empty if there was no observational data – now they are expected with data from nearby squares.

The new research may efficiently minimize the world’s carbon budget, the amount that can be emitted without breaching temperature targets. The UN’s climate science panel, the IPCC, said in 2018 that global emissions need to roughly halve by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050 to have a two-thirds chance of staying under 1.5°C.

It is too early to say how much today’s update may change that timeline. “The IPCC has overestimated the available carbon budget through choices that tend to underestimate the warming we’ve already experienced. That, of course, means that there is a lot more work to do if we are to avoid dangerous warming,” says Mann.

The other outcome of the elevated warming is some estimates of climate sensitivity – how much the world will warm based on a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide – will rise slightly, says Osborn.

In the end, the review to HadCRUT doesn’t significantly change our situation, researchers told New Scientist, as governments and scientists rely on more than one of the key temperature data sets. “None of these things modifies the big picture: the earth is warming and it’s because of human activities,” says Gavin Schmidt at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

Journal Reference: Journal of Geophysical Research: AtmospheresDOI: 10.1029/2019JD032361

 Read more: Earth maybe even closer to 1.5°C of global warming than we thought

To Read: What is the Climate Action Summit?

The Climate Action Summit is over. Some 70 Heads of Government, along with local and city leaders, and heads of major businesses, have delivered a series of new measures, policies and plans, aimed at making a big hollow in greenhouse gas emissions, and ensuring that the warming of the planet is limited to 1.5°C. 

The number of states coming frontward with reinforced national climate plans (NDCs) grew remarkably today, with commitments covering some of the top emitters globally on display.

The UK, which is organizing next year’s UN Climate Conference, declared that it aims to cut emissions by 68%, compared to 1990 levels, within the next five years, and the European Union bloc committed to a 55% cut over the same time dated.

At least 24 states announced new pledges, strategies or plans to reach carbon neutrality, and several states set out how they are going even more, with resolute dates to reach net-zero: Finland by 2035, Austria by 2040 and Sweden by 2045.

Pakistan declared that its sparring plans for new coal power plants, India will soon more than double its renewable energy target, and China committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel in primary energy consumption to around 25% by 2030. 

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Earth is even closer to 1.5°C of global warming

Marine life harmed most by plastic in Florida

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Florida
Marine Life Harmed Most By Plastic In Florida

A recent report from the International oceanic advocacy group, Oceana, has identified Florida as having more wildlife incidents by plastics pollutions in the ocean than anywhere else in the United States.

Ocean’s report revealed the evidence of nearly 1800 marine animals becoming dishevelled in or swallowing plastic wreckages in the ocean dating back to 2009. Of those 1800 animals, 88% are listed as either threatened or vulnerable.

Sea turtles, manatees, and other marine life off the coast of Florida made up 55% of the animals who were battered or slain by plastic pollution in the report.

“Looking through more than 300 cases of the way plastic is excruciatingly going through these animals is just actually a sad story,” Kim Warner, a senior scientist with Oceana, said.

Warner would continue to say that she also believes the bottlenose dolphin population in Florida swallows a substantial amount of plastic as well. It is harder to study; however, since most dolphins die in the ocean where their bodies are not able to be collected.

The Environmental Protection Agency, however, speaks that the plastics off the beach of Florida are the fault of other countries.

“60% of the world’s marine litter comes from six Asian countries,” Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Andrew Wheeler said from the White House in 2019.

The EPA also released its plan to address marine pollution. The plan stated they would be looking to stop other countries from “making our oceans into their landfills.”

“The United States has some of the most attractive coastlines and oceans in the world, and the coastlines are implausible,” President Trump is quoted as saying in the EPA’s plan. “As president, I will continue to do everything I can to stop other nations from making our oceans into their landfills.”

recent report proposes that the United States plays a far greater role in marine plastic pollution than the EPA is signifying it does, however. This report addressed that the United States generates the most plastic waste of any country on the planet.

Co-author of the report and director of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas program, Nick Mallos, commented on the USA’s role in oceanic plastic pollution.

“The United States produces the most plastic waste of any other country in the world, but rather than identifying the problem in the eye, we have delegated it to the developing countries and become a top giver to the ocean plastics crisis,” said Mallos.

“The resolution has to start at home. We need to generate less, by cutting out needless single-use plastics; we need to make better, by creating innovative new ways to package and carry goods; and where plastics are unavoidable, we need to improve our recycling rates.”

To Read: What is the Climate Action Summit?

The Climate Action Summit is over. Some 70 Heads of Government, along with local and city leaders, and heads of major businesses, have delivered a series of new measures, policies and plans, aimed at making a big hollow in greenhouse gas emissions, and ensuring that the warming of the planet is limited to 1.5°C. 

The number of states coming frontward with reinforced national climate plans (NDCs) grew remarkably today, with commitments covering some of the top emitters globally on display.

The UK, which is organizing next year’s UN Climate Conference, declared that it aims to cut emissions by 68%, compared to 1990 levels, within the next five years, and the European Union bloc committed to a 55% cut over the same time dated.

At least 24 states announced new pledges, strategies or plans to reach carbon neutrality, and several states set out how they are going even more, with resolute dates to reach net-zero: Finland by 2035, Austria by 2040 and Sweden by 2045.

Pakistan declared that its sparring plans for new coal power plants, India will soon more than double its renewable energy target, and China committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel in primary energy consumption to around 25% by 2030. 

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Marine life harmed most by plastic in Florida

What is the Climate Action Summit?

4
Climate
What is the Climate Action Summit?

The Climate Action Summit is over. Some 70 Heads of Government, along with local and city leaders, and heads of major businesses, have delivered a series of new measures, policies and plans, aimed at making a big hollow in greenhouse gas emissions, and ensuring that the warming of the planet is limited to 1.5°C. 

The number of states coming frontward with reinforced national climate plans (NDCs) grew remarkably today, with commitments covering some of the global main emitters on display.

The UK, which is organizing next year’s UN Climate Conference, declared that it aims to cut emissions by 68%, compared to 1990 levels, within the next five years, and the European Union bloc committed to a 55% cut over the same time dated.

At least 24 states announced new pledges, strategies or plans to reach carbon neutrality, and several states set out how they are going even more, with resolute dates to reach net-zero: Finland by 2035, Austria by 2040 and Sweden by 2045.

Pakistan declared that its sparring plans for new coal power plants, India will soon more than double its renewable energy target, and China committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel in primary energy consumption to around 25% by 2030. 

This link will take you to the Summit press release, with full details of the commitments made today.

These statements are a sign that there is real momentum as we head towards the next big step on the road to carbon neutrality, the COP26 UN Climate Conference, in November 2021. UN News will continue to report on the fight against the climate crisis, up to and beyond COP26 and, for more features, news stories, interviews and more, you can look through our archive, which you will find here.

What comes next?

The Summit is categorized as the preliminary gun for the “The sprint to Glasgow”, referring to the deferred UN Climate Conference (COP26) which will hold in the Scottish city in November 2021. The year-long sprint is a push for states to declare even more striving and widespread plans to curb emissions and make their economies “Greener” and more sustainable.

The virus shaped economic havoc on the world but, with the release of COVID-19 vaccines expected in 2021, economies will begin opening up, and the UN is fronting attempts to ensure that the world will “Build back better”, rather than returning to a fossil-fuel based business as usual.

To know more on UN’s vision for a cleaner future, check out the climate change website, which outlines some of the ways that the world should remake, with six climate-positive actions, including investments in sustainable jobs and businesses, ending bailouts for infecting industries and fossil-fuel grants, including climate risks and opportunities in all financial and policy decisions.

Saving the coral

Over the year, we have been searching for how people are reacting to climate change. In June, we heard from the head of a team of researchers in Hawaii, ground-breaking new techniques to preserve living coral, and eventually save the biodiversity and genetic variety of coral reefs across the world.

Mary Hagedorn told UN News that one of the key threats to coral reefs is the warming of the oceans, which causes them more acidic, and averts the coral from captivating the calcium carbonate that they need to grow.

You can go through the full story here.

Champions of the Earth

The six champions of the UN’s highest ecological award, the Champions of the Earth, were declared on Friday, glorifying some of the world’s most active environmental leaders, from pioneering scientists and captains of industry to heads of state and community activists.

These inspirational individuals include Robert Bullard, the “Father of Environmental Justice”, who has been promoting for racial equality and fair ecological and urban planning for over four decades; aboriginal rights activist and environmental activist, Nemonte Nenquimo, of the Waorani people of Pastaza in Ecuador, who took the Ecuadorian government to court, for offering huge areas of the Amazonian rainforest to oil companies; and veterinarian Dr Fabian Leendertz, a zoonotic disease specialist, whose ground-breaking investigations into pathogens like Anthrax and Ebola have explored how the contagions jump between animals and humans.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

To Read, Japan’s threatened fields of green.

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

What is the Climate Action Summit?

Bangladesh fears a drop in foreign direct investment due to RCEP

1
Bangladesh
Bangladesh fears a drop in foreign direct investment due to RCEP

The effects of the RCEP agreement may decline after Bangladesh loses its duty-free export facility when it graduates from a least developed country to a developing one.

Highlights:

  • $950 million derived to Bangladesh from RCEP-listed countries in FY2019-20.
  • Bangladesh receives about one-third of its FDI from RCEP member countries every year.
  • The impacts of the RCEP agreement may deteriorate after Bangladesh loses its duty-free export facility when it advances from a least developed country to a developing one.
  • Bangladesh’s Delegation in Beijing has called for reinforcing trade relations with RCEP members, the European Union and the US, before the advancement by signing free trade agreements and bilateral or multilateral agreements 

Vietnam’s inclusion in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), the world’s biggest trade bloc, will harm Bangladesh’s exports. 

Moreover, foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bangladesh from the major Asian economies included in the contract may decline, fears the Bangladesh delegation in Beijing.

The effects of this contract may deteriorate after Bangladesh loses its duty-free export facility when it rises from a least developed country (LDC) to a developing one.

So, the delegation instructed the authorities concerned to sign free trade agreements (FTAs) with the European Union and the US, before the advancement.

The delegation also opined in favour of reinforcing trade relations with RCEP members, including China, by signing FTAs or bilateral or multilateral agreements.

In a statement sent to the commerce ministry on 2 December this year, Mohammad Monsour Uddin, commercial counsellor at the Bangladesh Embassy in Beijing, said, “RCEP will not only increase trade and liberalise tariffs among its members but also create a favourable environment for investment and development value chains and production networks.”

“So, countries like China, Japan and South Korea will be motivated to invest in RCEP member countries due to the special market access and the mutual standards offered by RCEP. This would create some challenges for Bangladesh to fascinate FDI from these countries,” he added. 

According to the Bangladesh Bank, FDI of $3,232 million came to Bangladesh in the fiscal year 2019-20. Of this sum, $950 million came from RCEP-listed countries like Singapore, China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Malaysia. Results, Bangladesh receives around one-third of its FDI from RCEP member countries every year.

On 15 November, 15 countries – including Australia, New Zealand and 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – inked the RCEP deal, which covers 2.2 billion people with a combined GDP of $26.2 trillion.

Meanwhile, a board set up by the commerce ministry to review RCEP’s impact and assess Bangladesh’s inclusion in the multilateral agreement will see for the first time on Monday.

Shahidul Islam, head of the board and additional secretary to the ministry, told us that the committee would find the scope of work at the meeting. Later, the board will prepare a report with recommendations after meeting the stakeholders.

Dr Mostafa Abid, a member of the committee and Bangladesh Trade and Tariff Commission, told TBS, “There is a concern that the RCEP may affect our exports and FDI. After our advancement from LDC, exports may suffer more.”

“An inclusive study is required to review the impact of the RCEP. The board will meet with the public and private sectors and make endorsements to the government on their views,” he continued.

“Bangladesh now has no access to join the RECP in the next 18 months, even if it wants to be involved in it. So, we have to take full preparation at this time. To be included in the RCEP, we need to make major changes to our trade policy,” Dr Abid added.

The delegation report also said, “Unlike from Vietnam – who has contracted various Regional Trade Agreements such as RCEP, the Trans-Pacific Partnership and The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership – Bangladesh, advancement to LDC, is not guaranteed free trade access to these markets.”

To get more business news visit businessstar24.com

To get involved: Bangladesh Economic Forum

This Forum is for the community of the country’s Business & Economic News. This community started its journey in 2020. Ever since then, it has been the sole source for news and updates regarding finance and economics. This community aims to educate society on how the developments can shape their lives and how they should prepare themselves to participate in this economy. It shares news and in-depth reviews on the latest happenings around Bangladesh.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

To Read, Japan’s threatened fields of green.

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Bangladesh fears a drop in foreign direct investment due to RCEP

Tigers are roaming Kashmir as mega-dams displace 20,000 people

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Kashmir Tiger
Tigers are roaming Kashmir as mega-dams displace 20,000 people

Thanks to state-led infrastructure expansion, rampant deforestation has left tigers and bears without any place to find food, and it has resulted in many violent attacks.

Welcome to our Climate Blog! 

This week, we’d like to introduce Raqib Hameed Naik, a courageous multimedia journalist based in Kashmir, who has been telling the story of climate change and mega-development at the edge of Modi’s nationalist expansion.

As Salamu Alikum!

I am Raqib, writing to you from a region knows for its mountains, beautiful valleys, and unfortunately, a continuous conflict. These days Kashmir is the most militarized zone on the earth and is struggling to contain the spread of contagious Coronavirus with more than 114,407 cases and 1767 deaths.

But thanks to state-led infrastructure expansion, rampant deforestation has left tigers and bears without any place to find food. It has resulted in many violent attacks. Over the past five years, 65 people have died, and 940 have been injured in animal attacks across Kashmir. I live in the main town in Doda district. On some nights, we have tigers taking a stroll in the residential areas. Would you like to come and visit?? 

This infrastructure expansion includes rampant construction of seven bumper to bumper dams within 50 miles of Jammu and Kashmir. 

In my reporting, I met families who were among the 20,000 people impacted or displaced by these dams. Experts told me that the dams are a threat to the delicate ecology of the region, and could increase seismic activity in the region.

Kashmir
Tigers are roaming Kashmir as mega-dams displace 20,000 people

This photo is one I took of A girl holding a child at her house on a hill next to Baglihar Dam in Ramban district.

Since the publishing of the story, many people are now worried about the scale of the projects, labelling them as part of India’s colonial quest to exploit Kashmir’s resources. 

We are already home to more than 34 dams. But most of the electricity produced by the dams is sent outside the region. With Kashmir heading into the snowy season, the frequent power cuts have come back to haunt the already struggling population.

Erratic rainfall due to climate change is also affecting Kashmir’s most significant spice trade, saffron. During my early reporting trips, I still remember passing purple saffron fields near Srinagar district.

The experience was always soothing. But recent reports suggest the farmers are suffering, as crop yields have dropped by nearly 65% in the last 20 years. It has affected thousands of families in Kashmir, especially women, who make up half of all of Kashmir’s saffron farmers. 

If we go by a University of Kashmir study published this year in the journal Climatic Change, Kashmir is set for an astronomical temperature to rise of 7 degrees. That spells trouble for Kashmir’s most important spice, let alone our disappearing glaciers

I remember, some 18 years ago, the average temperature during Summer in my home would hover around 30 to 35 degrees.

It was hot, but you could manage just fine with fans alone. But now, the temperature touches 40 degrees, and air conditioners have become a necessity. 

While air conditioning is becoming critical, Kashmir has always felt like a never-ending saga of problems. From unending conflict, 30 years of human rights abuses at the hands of Indian forces and now a forceful demographic change under Modi’s Hindu nationalist government, we have braved it all.  

But since his government rescinded Kashmir’s special autonomy last August, I feel like they have ramped up their crackdown on journalists, activists and environmental defenders. For my friends and family, the road ahead to fight climate change, seek accountability and challenge potentially disastrous infrastructure projects seems arduous, if not impossible.

Thank you, though, for listening. 

To Read: Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

To Read: Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy – after 94,000 fires

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years of working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

To Read, Japan’s threatened fields of green.

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you…….and don’t worry, I’m locked inside too. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Tigers are roaming Kashmir as mega-dams displace 20,000 people

Cutting trees and public consultations in Kenya during COVID-19

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Kenya
Cutting trees and public consultations in Kenya during COVID-19

As we’ve got seen in many countries, there are widely held concern that the govt. of Kenya took advantage of the Corona-virus outbreak to means these approvals without proper public consultation.

Welcome to our Climate Blog! 

Each week we ask one guest writer from our network to send us the most effective climate news from their region.  

This week, we reached out to Dominic Kirui, a freelance journalist from Nairobi who shares a number of the local shifts he’s seen publicly consultations since the Coronavirus began.

Jambo! 

My name is Dominic Kirui. I’m writing this about five minutes’ drive from the Nairobi park where, if I wasn’t tied to my laptop, I would even be ready to spot a rhino! 

But I should warn you, if you’re not planning a visit to Nairobi soon, you may miss out. The govt. is rapidly encroaching into the parking area, first through a Chinese funded and constructed railway across the park, and a road alongside it. they’re now also planning a hotel within the black rhino breeding area. you would possibly remember, sadly the last white rhino died in Kenya only some months ago.

As we’ve got seen in many countries, there are widely held concern that the govt. took advantage of the Coronavirus outbreak to means these approvals without proper public consultation. At the identical time, they’re clearing iconic green space within the city for brand new 27km expressway, irrespective of the calls to prevent the destruction. 

However, the most well-liked topic in Kenya without delay is also a precursor to the longer term of the world plastic industry.

The American Chemistry Council and also the Kenyan Ministry of Trade and Industry are said to be performing on a deal which will see Kenya lift its globally celebrated ban on plastic bags, allowing American companies to ship plastic waste into Africa through Kenya.  

When the worldwide climate strikes hit Nairobi last week, this was one in every of their most vocal demands. The activists headed to the liberty corner at Uhuru Park in Nairobi, once famously protected by the late Wangari Maathai and coordinated under the hashtag 

#AfricaIsNotADumpster 

Outside Nairobi, our coffee farmers are feeling the impacts of climate stress, and a few are even looking to abandon coffee farming for avocados, thanks to shifting conditions.

This may be one in all the explanations why Amina Mohamed has been nominated as Kenyaian candidate within the running to become the subsequent Director-General of the globe Trade Organization. She promised to target global  climate change if selected, and at a media briefing last month queried, “How is it possible that the WTO doesn’t discuss climate change?… (the) WTO must be part of the world conversation on temperature change.”

Across the border, I’ve also been impressed by the Ugandan climate justice activist, Vanessa Nakate, who is leading a campaign against her government’s decision to substitute about 411sq km of Bugoma Forest for sugarcane plantation. take a look at #SaveBugomaForest to search out how you’ll be able to get entangled.

To Read: Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

To Read: Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy – after 94,000 fires

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Latest Post

To Read: Japan’s threatened fields of green

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you…and don’t worry, I’m locked inside too. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Cutting trees and public consultations in Kenya during COVID-19

When a ‘Climate Emergency’ is not enough

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Climate Emergency
Several trees were uprooted after Super Typhoon Goni lashed Bicol region

Typhoons regularly batter the Philippines. Climate change is exacerbating our exposure for sure. It is an experience of when a Climate Emergency is not enough.

Welcome to our Climate Blog! 

This week, we’d like to introduce Gaea Katreena Cabico, a journalist from the Philippines who writes stories about the environment, climate crisis, human rights and health in Philstar.

Kumusta! 👋

I am Gaea Cabico, writing and working from my apartment in Metro Manila, where mornings have gotten colder as we approach the holiday season. 

This year, Christmas festivities will inevitably be different; with over 435,000 COVID-19 cases and 8,000 deaths, Filipinos will celebrate Christmas in quarantine — during one of the longest lockdowns in the world.

On top of movement restrictions, the Philippines faced three strong typhoons in the past two months, including Super Typhoon Goni, the world’s strongest storm in 2020.

When a 'Climate Emergency' is not enough

Two more cyclones are projected to affect the country before this challenging year ends.

Goni left a trail of destruction across the Philippines. A week later, Typhoon Vamco struck the country, triggering the worst flooding in Metro Manila and across Northern Philippines since 2009. 

I was in my hometown in Nueva Ecija, just North of Manila, during the onslaught of these typhoons. Goni spared us, but we weren’t so lucky with Vamco.

Vamco, for me, was the strongest typhoon that I’ve ever experienced. Its winds kept me awake in the early hours of November 12. 

Thankfully, aside from our uprooted Mango tree, our house was spared. A friend not too far away had to be rescued because his home was flooded.

According to legislative probes in the days since, the flooding was a result of climate changes, but not alone. Typhoons regularly batter the Philippines. Climate change is exacerbating our exposure for sure. 

But these recent flooding events and many of our worst disasters are also the direct results of denuded watersheds, resource exploitation and decades of short-sighted planning that has left millions of people, more vulnerable to storms like this.

As a response, President Rodrigo Duterte (who has a penchant for creating task forces) formed another task force called “Build Back Better.” Someone’s been watching Biden’s Presidential campaign. 

From what I can tell, the task force is going to be responsible for implementing and monitoring our post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation efforts going forward. 

Last week, the House of Representatives passed a resolution declaring a climate emergency. To me, this non-binding declaration only appears as lip service from politicians. While this declaration urges local governments and agencies to adopt policies to mitigate the effects of climate change, it does not legally compel them to act. 

Duterte has not declared a climate emergency himself. He is said to be studying the proposal. What the country urgently needs is a climate emergency declaration that will establish a whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach to address the crisis, hold polluters accountable and ensure the country’s rapid transition to renewable energy. 

In October, before these storms, we had a small signal of hope. The Energy Department announced it will no longer accept new proposals to construct coal power plants. Though lauded by anti-coal campaigners, the ‘ban’, which is not yet national policy, doesn’t include previously approved projects that are already in the pipeline. And finding out how many are still in this ‘pipeline’ is a challenge.  

While the move is not going to be enough, it is a huge step toward the right direction, for a country still ringing the water from the walls of Typhoons Goni and Vamco.

To Read: Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

To Read: Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy – after 94,000 fires

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

When a 'Climate Emergency' is not enough

Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

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Regional Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

A comparative analysis of coal and renewable energy coverage across the five countries in this study yielded some interesting similarities and differences that will be further explored in this section.

We will first discuss the three prominent thematic trends seen in reporting, and then move on to examine two trends in journalistic practices, before ending by discussing significant outliers and best practices observed.

Each of the countries in our study—the five “tiger cub” countries of Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines—has a unique media landscape with different challenges and opportunities for energy reporting.  

Trends in Energy Framing

Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed
Regional Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

The portrayal of coal in media closely approximates the country’s coal dependency

Though Southeast Asia is often monolithically framed as the region where “coal is still king,” there are significant differences in how each country uses this fossil fuel, as well as how civil society reacts to coal development. All these elements affect how coal policy discourse plays out in national media.

Looking specifically at coal reporting in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand, it is striking how much the media’s framing of coal depends on how reliant a country is on this energy type.

Table 1. compares the number of articles framing coal positively as a percentage of total coal articles versus how much coal contributes to national energy capacity as a percentage of the total energy mix.

For three of the countries examined, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand, the difference between positive frames per total coal article sample and coal capacity per total energy capacity fell within 1 to 2 percentage points. Given the margin of error associated with our small article sample size, the only significant outlier was the Philippines, with a 10-percentage-point difference between the two.

Even though the Philippines is just as reliant on coal as Malaysia, 88 of 133 coal articles in the Philippines framed the fossil fuel negatively, while only 46 of 113 articles in Malaysia did so.

Aside from possible sampling biases, a few factors can account for the Philippines’ disproportionately negative portrayal of coal. The Philippines has consistently placed within the world’s five most-climate-vulnerable countries, with ever more intense and erratic typhoons forcing the government and media to be more receptive to an energy transition, at least in rhetoric. Furthermore, the Philippines’ Roman Catholic Church, which claims 86 percent of the population as followers, is a formidable institution that has spoken up against coal and been extensively quoted by the press. And although the Philippines is one of the deadliest countries in 20

 Asia for environmental activists, it is also a place where grassroots environmental movements are particularly strong. As previously mentioned, prominent energy activists such as Gerry Arances from the Center for Energy, Ecology and Development were quoted in more than half of all articles that criticized coal.

Renewable energy overwhelmingly framed as a lucrative investment

While the tiger cubs’ media outlets disagreed on how large role coal will play in their countries’ futures, one thing was clear: they were overwhelmingly optimistic about renewable energy’s growth. Solar, in particular, generated much excitement, as seen in the fact that positive articles about it outnumbered those about coal in all countries analyzed except for Indonesia, where the two were equal.

Additionally, for four of the five countries, positive frames made up more than 75 percent of total stories about non-hydro renewables (solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal).

The outlier was Vietnam, where only 65 percent of non-hydro renewable stories portrayed these technologies positively. Vietnam doesn’t lag in terms of renewable energy development.

However; in fact, the country is a definitive regional leader with 4.5GW of installed solar capacity or more than that of the whole ASEAN region combined. It is not that more articles in Vietnam framed renewables negatively compared to other tiger cub countries; more articles displayed a neutral, cautious tone, which acknowledged Vietnam’s renewable potential while highlighting challenges encountered in its development. Common difficulties discussed were unclear regulations, lack of transmission lines, and a tight FiT deadline. Vietnam’s media have been following the solar development story since the first FiT scheme in 2017 led to a massive investment boom; articles went into detail about the minutiae of solar technologies and policy challenges for a mainstream audience. This corresponded with comparatively high solar energy literacy among journalists as well as the average reader.

In other words, with the “solar experiment” well underway, journalists in Vietnam prioritized analyzing the remaining barriers to further growth rather than simply promoting solar power or renewable energy as an abstract concept.

In Indonesia, meanwhile, where neither solar nor any other renewable energy technology has been installed in significant numbers, 96 percent of renewable energy articles adopted a positive frame.

However, nearly half of these stories discussed renewable energy in the abstract without providing any specific policy analysis or recommendation. Journalists here viewed renewable technologies as difficult to understand and write about in-depth. 

Indonesia’s Kompas editor Erlangga Djumena described the situation, saying renewable energy “has limited sources [for journalists to cite/interview] because it is still rare…plus the sources are too technical. Not only the readers, but the journalists are also sometimes confused.”

Because of this lack of understanding, it was difficult for journalists to dive deeper into any specific renewable energy source.

Not all renewables are treated alike

When analyzing the articles that do dive into specific renewable energy technologies, it was clear that not all renewables were treated alike by the media. In all countries analyzed, solar received the most coverage as renewable energy with high potential for future growth; this was true even in the Philippines, where geothermal contributes 67 more megawatts to the total energy capacity.

In contrast to solar, other renewable energy forms—notably wind, geothermal, and biomass—received relatively little attention from media outlets across the region except for Thailand, where the government recently implemented more-aggressive biomass development programs through the Energy for All initiative, which attracted positive and negative coverage.

In Indonesia, biofuel turned out to be a close contender to solar in terms of frequency of coverage, as 20% of Indonesia’s energy articles focused on solar while 17% focused on biofuel.

Unlike Thailand’s Energy for All initiative, Indonesia’s B-20 biodiesel mandate received overwhelmingly positive coverage, despite its potential environmental risks.

Meanwhile, despite being a renewable energy source, hydropower was not regarded as such during our time frame of interest, especially in Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, where it was blamed for multiple environmental and ecological issues downstream of major dams.

As reporter Trung Chanh in Vietnam explained, hydropower is not considered in the same category as solar and wind because “although hydro dams don’t cause pollution similarly to the way coal plants do, they destroy biodiversity, alter fish populations and sediment levels in water sources.”

To conclude, news outlets across the five Southeast Asian countries examined portrayed renewable energy, especially solar, as a lucrative investment for energy producers as well as consumers looking to benefit from new, fast-developing technology.

However, lacking were in-depth analyses of the role renewables can play in the future energy mix as more than an additive to fossil fuels. Roughly a fifth of the sampled articles about renewable energy in Vietnam started to broach bigger-picture issues such as redesigning the energy grid and energy market to accommodate renewable growth, though this type of farming was limited to solar energy.

Hydropower was often not regarded as renewable energy, while wind, geothermal, and biomass generally did not attract much coverage.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Previous Report

Japan’s threatened fields of green

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

Recent Posts

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you…and don’t worry, I’m locked inside too. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Egypt’s air pollution is making my daughter sick
Regional Energy Trends: A comparison of the five countries analysed

Egypt’s air pollution is making my daughter sick

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Egypt
Egypt air pollution is making my daughter sick

Everyone here feels these effects, as nine million Egyptians suffer from chest allergies and asthma, one-sixth of them are children, according to the Egyptian Thoracic Society.

Welcome to our Climate Blog! 

This week, we’d like to introduce Rahma Diaa, a freelance journalist from Egypt who has been reporting on the city’s biggest crisis – air pollution.

Good morning,

I am Rahma, writing from Cairo, where the daily cough has been a part of life well before COVID-19.

This isn’t just me saying it, last week the results of a 10-year study researching air pollution were released, with alarming results.

With more than a 1,000 scientists from 23 countries analyzing environmental challenges across the Mediterranean, they argued that the combination of weak vehicle emissions standards, dust, a lack of public transport and ever-increasing traffic emissions are causing alarmingly high levels of ozone and fine particle pollution. 

This is particularly high in the biggest cities across the Middle East, like here in Cairo and Beirut, and it warns of the serious health consequences of air pollution. 

Everyone here feels these effects, as nine million Egyptians suffer from chest allergies and asthma, one-sixth of them are children, according to the Egyptian Thoracic Society, and my daughter is one of these children. She has suffered from allergies since her 

birth and needs to use medicated sprays throughout the year to control her cough.

In 2018, I worked with the  Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism (ARIJ) on a year-long investigative report documenting the health damage suffered by the residents surrounding the cement factories that depend on coal for the industrial process.

The investigation used medical reports to highlight that chronic diseases such as allergies, asthma and even lung cancer are significantly higher in areas adjacent to cement factories that use coal. 

While most of the world has shifted away from coal use in industrial processes, the Egyptian Cabinet authorized the use of coal in industrial operations as recently as 2014, even in areas close to residential communities. 

As you can imagine, the government of Egypt is still trying to brand itself as “green” and is genuinely spending millions of dollars on clean energy projects, many of which are indirectly funded through loans. 

In September, The World Bank approved $200 million to support the “Greater Cairo Air Pollution Management and Climate Change Project”. This comes after the European Investment Bank poured in €350 billion last year to renovate the Cairo metro line. 

In 2018, we also turned on one of the largest solar installations in the world, known as the Benban Solar Energy Complex. This has led the BBC to highlight Egypt as a renewable energy outliner in the region, through a recent report titled; “Are We Ready for the End of the Oil Age?. In it, they argued that increasing solar power is not only good for the environment but reduces our risk of resource conflicts that continue to plague the region. 

However, a recent report in Nature Communications argued that climate change, in fact, decreases the efficacy of solar panels, as increased humidity could to more clouds in the future. 

While we’re genuinely working hard to encourage international investment in renewable energy, it’s our crippling domestic governance that continues to fail Cairo’s people, including my daughter.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Previous Report

Japan’s threatened fields of green

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

Recent Posts

If you have any questions, comments or want to get involved, email Zulker Naeen at naeenzulker@gmail.com – that’s me. I’d love to hear from you…and don’t worry, I’m locked inside too. And if you’ve been forwarded this email and liked what you saw, why not subscribe?

Egypt’s air pollution is making my daughter sick

Japan’s threatened fields of green

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Japan
Japan’s threatened fields of green

Tea farmers in the Asian country have long enjoyed a very stable and predictable climate, but as global warming and Covid-19 upends that equilibrium, they respond with new ways to farm and sell their products.

In Japan, spring is heralded as a time of new beginnings and opportunities. Tea farmers especially look forward to the spring harvest, the most exciting time of the year. But for Hiroki Aka, the love for farming lasts all year round.

“I feel the autumn harvest is equally important,” the tea farmer from d:matcha Kyoto shares, as we drive through the region’s winding roads. Almost 60% of the tea fields he manages are currently farmed with organic methods. “The quality of the leaves harvested in spring are heavily dependent on the way the trees are cut in autumn. Summer is the time to look out for pests, which especially love our organic tea trees. In winter, on the other hand, there is the worry of frost. It’s hard to predict.”

Officially recognised as one of the most beautiful villages in Japan, Wazuka is well known for its tea.

Against a backdrop of rolling green mountains adorned with tall cedar trees, rows and rows of Camellia Sinensis of varying hues of green trace the outline of the landscape. The conditions and climate of the region play a pivotal role in the high quality of tea the region produces. The soil is rich with nutrients, there is an adequate amount of rainfall, and the mountainous landscape creates a balanced natural irrigation system.

Climate woes

Traditionally, weather patterns in Wazuka have been stable. Rarely were there huge variations in temperature or rainfall. Year by year, however, climate change has slowly upended this rhythm. “Winter last year was warmer than usual, and this year’s tsuyu(Japan’s rainy season) was longer than previous years,” Hiroki contemplates out loud, his tone a mixture of excitement and frustration.

Echoing this, Bernard Soubry, a DPhil Candidate in Geography and Environment at the University of Oxford, says, “climate change will affect all farmers differently because farms and the places they tend are all different. We know, though, from existing climate models, that farming conditions will generally get way more difficult to predict.” 

Soubry continues: “extreme weather events, like hurricanes or floods, will be more frequent; that can damage infrastructure and soil. Places that used to have regular rain may face long droughts or sudden downpours. Farmers will have to try to anticipate these, or roll with the punches when they come, which will make an already difficult profession far more difficult.”

The unpredictability of the weather has forced Hiroki to adjust his farming management plans weekly. Managing different cultivars (cultivated varieties) translates into having to anticipate different problems or pests that may arise within each field. Furthermore, as approximately 60% of the field he manages are organic, this rules out the use of pesticides or herbicides.

“Hmm, I’m not sure,” he laments in Japanese, as he carefully chews on the young shoots he’s plucked. “I feel like last year’s harvest might taste better but then again I’m just a beginner at tea farming, so I take things as they go,” he adds.

The global pandemic has also greatly impacted the purchasing cost of tea.

Over surplus orders made in anticipation of the now postponed 2020 Olympics and a significant drop in the number of tourists also meant fewer bulk orders from wholesalers.

“Supermarkets are remarkably slow to adopt IT to inform customers of what is available,” says John Ure, Director of Singapore based research company, TRPC. “An alternative is for farming cooperatives to develop their apps and to appear on e-shopping platforms, especially if they can offer something special such as organically grown foods or free-range products that are environmentally friendly.”

A resourceful bunch

Bernard Soubry has also noticed this trend: “farmers are infinitely resourceful and deeply committed to keeping their farms going, so it’s no surprise to find organic farmers changing their practices and the way they sell to adapt to climate change…They’re banking on diversity and adaptability in their cultures, rather than high-tech solutions which often come with a hefty financial and intellectual property price tag.” 

Younger farmers such as Hiroki have since adopted this route of leveraging social media. Raising awareness of the difficulties farmers face has also been pivotal in gathering the necessary support needed to sustain organic farming methods. “There is a growing demand for organic produce. While we may not have the paper certifications at the moment, we still want to produce organic tea using traditional methods.” Hiroki explains with pride and confidence.

As trends go, the use of social media as a source of verification has also been mirrored by consumers themselves. “When deciding on products that I buy, usually it’s word of mouth rather than certifications.” Zsan Wong, a chef based in South Australia candidly says. “This comes down to there being so many different certifications. I think the hardest part is finding the line between sustainable and organic, the two do not always go hand in hand”. 

Organic farming in times of climate change is akin to fighting with one hand tied behind their backs, but young farmers like Hiroki are still pressing forward. While there is still room for adequate policies to be enacted to assist food systems to adapt to climate change, the use of social media and technology have opened means of communication and information dissemination. All of which play equally important roles in meeting and overcoming future challenges.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Recent Posts

Japan’s threatened fields of green

Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy – after 94,000 fires

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environmental
Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy after 94,000 fires

Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy. The number of fires in the Amazon this October was more than twice as many as last year.

Welcome to our Climate Blog! 

This week, we’d like to introduce Meghie Rodrigues, a young science journalist from Brazil and a Board member of the Brazilian Network of Science Journalists and Communicators as she shares the latest update from the Burning Kingdom of Bolsonaro

Olá a todos e todas!

This is Meghie writing from long coronavirus confinement in São Paulo, Brazil. With more than 160,000 COVID-19 deaths, we are second only to the USA, and confinement still makes a lot of sense to me (though not to our president). Right now, however, a key debate is whether Brazilians will be open to an experimental mandatory vaccine.

On the climate and environment side, our minister of Environment, Ricardo Salles, has been working hard to “change rules and simplify [environmental] norms while the media only talks about COVID” as he suggested in a cabinet meeting in April.

By the end of September, Salles had approved a decision that reversed the protection of sandbanks and mangroves, opening these areas for exploration. Mangroves have been protected areas in Brazil since 1577, and are critical in countering coastal erosion as well as capturing carbon. It was only then thanks to a proactive lawsuit from the Sustainability Network, that the supreme court blocked the decision

Meanwhile, both the Amazon and the Pantanal, the world’s largest wetland area, are still on fire. According to Brazil’s National Institute of Space Research (INPE), the number of fires in the Amazon this October was more than twice as many as last year. The Pantanal region has seen the most fires ever, with over 3,000 in the last month alone. More than a quarter of the Pantanal has turned into ashes.

The Pantanal usually attracts thousands of tourists every year searching for giant otters, jaguars, tapirs, hyacinth macaws and other endangered species.

This year, though, the fires (most of them likely to be illegally lit by ranchers) came at the end of an unusually long dry period – a clear effect of the changing climate in the region. This “turned the wetlands into a tinderbox and the fires raged out of control” as the New York Times recently reported.

For Indigenous communities in the area, this has been tragic. Estêvão Bororo described the fires to Mongabay earlier this October, stating that “it came very fast and even surrounded the homes. Even though the houses themselves didn’t catch fire, our leader had to be taken to Rondonópolis because he inhaled a lot of smoke. We have elderly people, pregnant women, new mothers and children here”.

Our presidency doesn’t seem to care.

Last year, smoke from the Amazon forest fires turned the day into the night here in São Paulo, leading to immediate response. This year, a succession of political scandals as well the unrestrained coronavirus crisis meant that it took at least four months before for the government to sent any help.

Amidst it all, however, it looks like most fellow Brazilians, from all regions and classes, do care about the Amazon. A recent national Datafolha poll found that nine in ten Brazilians think it’s important to preserve the Amazon to protect biodiversity. In addition, eight in ten Brazilians think it’s important to protect the Amazon and 70% of women consider the Amazon to be critical to the economy. Men were a little lower, at 59%, but I guess they’re only men, right?

This poll gave me a small sense of respite in what’s been a disparaging few years. I am not sure Bolsonaro is likely to listen to any evidence that doesn’t reinforce his worldview, and the only polls that really seem to matter to him are his hardcore Twitter and Whatsapp “fanbase”.

Vice President Hamilton Mourão, who is also President of the National Council for the Amazon, confirmed that his “environmental policy will not change under Biden.” Soon after, he compared the 94,347 forest fires in the last year to a spilled soup; “There comes a time when the broth spills”.

It might really take us a long time to recover from this collective nightmare we’ve sunk into, but it’s somewhat nice to imagine that even when we are so deeply divided as a nation, it seems that common sense still exists across Brazil.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Recent Post

Brazil vows Biden won’t change environmental policy - after 94,000 fires

The role of Communication for Development in UNICEF

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Communication for Development
What is Communication for Development

Communication for Development also referred to as Social and Behaviour Change Communication, is defined in UNICEF as “an evidence-based process that is an integral part of programmes and utilizes a mix of communication tools, channels and approaches to facilitate dialogue, participation and engagement with children, families, communities, networks for positive social and behaviour change in both development and humanitarian contexts.”

Social Ecological Model (SEM) UNICEF’s Communication for Development work continues to be guided by the Socio-Ecological Model (SEM).

The SEM is a theory-based framework for understanding the multifaceted and interactive effects of personal and environmental factors that determine behaviours, and for identifying behavioural and organizational leverage points and intermediaries for social and behavioural change within organizations. There are five nested, hierarchical and complementary levels of the SEM: individual, interpersonal, community, organizational, and policy/enabling environment (Figure 1). The most effective approaches use a combination of activities at all levels of the model.

Communication for Development
What is Communication for Development

UNICEF’s application of the SEM as its analytical framework facilitates the use of social and behavioural data and evidence (such as Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices studies, real-time monitoring, opinion polls and social science research) to plan, implement, monitor and evaluate communication initiatives that help increase knowledge, understand and shift attitudes and norms, and facilitate positive behaviour and social change around issues that affect children’s and women’s overall well-being. C4D uses a combination of complementary and mutually reinforcing approaches including behaviour change communication, social change communication, social mobilization and advocacy.

Behaviour change communication (BCC) is the strategic use of communication to promote positive health, education and other outcomes. BCC is a theory-based, research-based, interactive process to develop tailored messages and approaches, using a variety of population-appropriate communication channels to motivate sustained individual- and community-level changes in knowledge, attitudes and behaviours.

Social change communication is a purposeful, iterative and usually participatory process of public and private dialogue, debate and negotiation that allows groups of individuals or communities to define their needs, identify their rights, and collaborate to transform the way their social system is organized, including the way power is distributed within social and political institutions.

Social mobilization is a continuous process that engages and motivates various inter-sectoral partners at national and local levels to raise awareness of, and demand for, a particular development objective. This approach focuses on people and communities as agents of their change emphasize community empowerment, and creates an enabling environment for change. Engagement is usually through the interpersonal communication (i.e., face-to-face dialogue) among partners and aimed at changing social norms and accountability structures; providing sustainable, multifaceted solutions to broad social problems, and creating demand and utilization of quality services.

Advocacy is an organized effort to inform and motivate leaders to create an enabling environment for achieving programme objectives and development goals. Advocacy promotes the development of new policies or changes to existing laws, helps redefine public perceptions, and influences funding decisions. Community-level advocacy provides a platform for voices of children and women, especially those from marginalized and excluded groups, to be heard.

What is Communication for Development?

In 1996 through General Assembly Resolution 51/172 the UN adopted a formal definition of Communication for Development:

‘Communication for development stresses the need to support two-way communication systems that enable dialogue and that allow communities to speak out, express their aspirations and concerns and participate in the decisions that relate to their development’.

Since other complementary definitions of C4D have been advanced by various development actors reflecting an increased understanding of the role of C4D in development processes.

In 2006 the World Congress on Communication for Development defined C4D as:

‘A social process based on dialogue using a broad range of tools and methods. It is also about seeking change at different levels including listening, building trust, sharing knowledge and skills, building policies, debating and learning for sustained and meaningful change’.

So, Communication for Development (C4D) enables people, particularly the most disadvantaged in society, to participate in shaping decisions that affect their lives. Communication for Development contrasts sharply with how communication is often understood within the broader development arena where it is commonly associated with enhancing the public profile of organisations and advocating on specific programme areas.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Recent Posts

The role of Communication for Development in UNICEF

Shrimp balachaw manufacturer in Bangladesh

4
Balachao
Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao in Bangladesh

Balachaw Maker is a premium quality shrimp balachaw manufacturer in the town. Those who love dried shrimp or prawn lovers, this is a piece of great news.  

Especially, Balachaw is mainly a dried and spicy food, which made with fried onions, shrimp, garlic, ginger & red chillies.

So far, it is a Burmese hot relish, made of dried prawns or shrimps with plenty of garlic and chillies. It is preserved in an airtight jar for a long time. It is worth making a quantity.

This dry version of food has a good shelf life made of dried shrimps. Everything is crispy as there is no moisture whatsoever!

Keeping that tradition of this dish, Balachaw Maker made a fusion of dried ingredients and named it Shrimp Balachao.

It is a spicy dish with a lot of dry chillies. This dish is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

To enjoy the authentic Burmese taste, Shrimp Balachaw would be a great cooking ingredient for you.

That is why Balachaw Maker has brought a great fusion on Shrimp Balachaw, which is different from the regular Balachaw available at the super shop.

You can use this dried pickle to increase the taste of the regular dishes like Mixed Dal, Fried Rice, Khichuri, Noodles, Halim, Murighonto, Vegetable, etc.

The use of secret spices also added a great taste in it.

Balachaw Maker is a marketer of various home-processed brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

Balachaw Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao

We are the only spicy Balachaw manufacturer in Bangladesh. You might surprise hearing the name “Balachaw”. What is it?

Firstly, you have to know what is “Balachaw”. Then you will understand what we are making for your mouth.

Balachaw is a fusion of dried ingredients. It also contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the special masala.

This crispy cooking ingredient is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

Especially Burmese food lovers are mostly familiar with this food item.

However, Balacahw Maker made a great fusion on this food item, which is beyond the as usual taste of the Balachaw available at the super shop.

Made with freshly processed shrimps and best spices, it brings you the great taste in a convenient local packaging form to protect and preserve the excellent aroma.

Balachw Maker is a source of quality spice and cooking ingredients. It started its journey from July in 2019 to provide a variety of spice and cooking ingredients for the dedicated customer.

Balachaw Maker is the marketer of various cooking brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

If you are ready to do business with Balachao Maker, mail to chaghorbd@gmail.com

Even you may follow our Facebook Page. You may dial 01673375594 to discuss details.  

Balachao Maker – Homemade Balachaw Manufacturer

Balachao Maker is the largest homemade balachaw manufacturer in Bangladesh delivering healthy and delicious food items to your doors. Our listed home kitchens prepare food hygienically and healthily only for you. Balachao Maker is passionate about homemade spicy and crispy food and cares about your time and health as well. Thus, it delivers a wide rage of handmade food whilst you busy at work, spending a memorable time with your family or even playing video games with your friends. Let Balachaw Maker worry about your food and health.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. With a three years working experience, he has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Recent Post

Shrimp balachaw manufacturer in Bangladesh

Shrimp balachao manufacturer in the town

1
Shrimp Balachao
Shrimp balachao manufacturer in the town

Balachao Maker is a premium quality shrimp balachao manufacturer in the town. Those who are shrimp lovers, this is a piece of great news.  

Especially, Balachao is a popular dish in Chittagong. It is mainly a dried and spicy pickle, which made with fried onions, shrimp, garlic, ginger & red chillies. It is dry and crispy.

This dry version of food has a good shelf life made of dried shrimps. Everything is fried crisp as there is no moisture whatsoever!

Keeping that tradition of this dish, we made a fusion of dried ingredients, which contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the secret spices and named it Shrimp Balachao.

It is a spicy dish with a lot of dry chillies. This dish is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

To enjoy the authentic Thai taste, Shrimp Balachao would be a great cooking ingredient for you.

That is why Balachao Maker has brought a great fusion on Shrimp Balachao, which is different from the regular Balachao available at the super shop.

You can use this dried pickle to increase the taste of the regular dishes like Mixed Dal, Fried Rice, Khichuri, Noodles, Halim, Murighonto, Vegetable, etc.

The use of secret spices also added a great taste in it.

Balachao maker is a marketer of various home-processed brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao

We are the only spicy Balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh. You might surprise hearing the name “Balachao”. What is it?

Firstly, you have to know what is “Balachao”. Then you will understand what we are making for your mouth.

Balachao is a fusion of dried ingredients. It also contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the special masala.

This crispy cooking ingredient is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

Especially Thai food lovers are mostly familiar with this food item.

However, Balacaho Maker is brought a great fusion on this food item, which is beyond the as usual taste of the Balachao available at the super shop.

Made with freshly processed shrimps and best spices, it brings you the great taste in a convenient local packaging form to protect and preserve the excellent aroma.

Balachao Maker is a source of quality spice and cooking ingredients. It started its journey from July in 2019 to provide a variety of spice and cooking ingredients for the dedicated customer.

Balachao Maker is the marketer of various home-processed brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

If you are interested in business with Balachao Maker, mail to chaghorbd@gmail.com

Even you may follow our Facebook Page. You may dial 01673375594 to discuss details.  

Balachao Maker – Homemade Balachao Manufacturer

Balachao Maker is the largest homemade balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh delivering healthy and delicious food items to your doors. Our listed home kitchens prepare food hygienically and healthily only for you. Balachao Maker is passionate about homemade spicy and crispy food and cares about your time and health as well. Thus, it delivers a wide rage of handmade food whilst you busy at work, spending a memorable time with your family or even playing video games with your friends. Let Balachao Maker worry about your food and health.

About Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. He has three years of experience in the field. He has developed courses with the support of other Climate Tracker staff.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate ChangeOcean acidification and marine ecosystem

Shrimp balachao manufacturer in the town

Is there any commercial balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh?

5
Balachao
Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao in Bangladesh

Balachao Maker is a commercial balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh delivering healthy and delicious food items to your doors. 

Balachao is mainly a dried and spicy pickle, which made with fried onions, shrimp, garlic, ginger & red chillies. It is dry and crispy.

This dry version of food has a good shelf life as it contains with dried shrimps and everything is fried crisp as there is no moisture whatsoever!

Keeping that tradition of this dish, we made a fusion of dried ingredients, which contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the secret spices and named it Masala Balachao.

It is a spicy dish with a lot of dry chillies. This dish is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

To enjoy the authentic Thai taste, Masala Balachao would be a great cooking ingredient for you.

That is why, Balachao maker has brought a great fusion on Masala Balachao, which is different from the regular Balachao available at the super shop.

You can use this dried pickle to increase the taste of the regular dishes like Mixed Dal, Fried Rice, Khichuri, Noodles, Halim, Murighonto, Vegetable, etc.

Balachao Maker is a marketer of various home-made brands and household names in Bangladesh. With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao

We are the only spicy Balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh. You might surprise hearing the name “Balachao”. What is it?

Firstly, you have to know what is “Balachao”. Then you will understand what we are making for your mouth.

Balachao is a fusion of dried ingredients. 

Masala Balachao contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the special masala.

This crispy cooking ingredient is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

Especially Thai food lovers are mostly familiar with this food item.

However, Balacaho Maker is brought a great fusion on this food item, which is beyond the as usual taste of the Balachao available at the super shop.

Made with freshly processed shrimps and best spices, it brings you the great taste in a convenient local packaging form to protect and preserve the excellent aroma.

Balachao Maker is a source of quality spice and cooking ingredients. It started its July in 2019 to provide a variety of spice and cooking ingredients for the dedicated customer.

Balachao Maker is the marketer of various home-made brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

If you are interested in business with Balachao Maker, mail to chaghorbd@gmail.com

Even you may follow our Facebook Page. You may dial 01673375594 to discuss details.  

Balachao Maker – Homemade Balachao Manufacturer

Balachao Maker is the largest balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh aims to deliver healthy and delicious food items to your doors. Our listed home kitchens prepare food hygienically and healthily only for you. Balachao Maker is passionate about spicy and crispy food and cares about your time and health as well. Thus, it delivers a wide rage of handmade food whilst you busy at work, spending a memorable time with your family or even playing video games with your friends. Let Balachao Maker worry about your food and health.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker. He has developed courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change 

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Is there any commercial balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh?

Balachao is a spicy-dried food for spice lovers

4
Balachao
Balachao is a spicy-dried food for the spice lovers.

Balachao is a spicy-dried food for the spice lovers. Balachao is a popular dish, especially in Chittagong. It is mainly a dried and spicy pickle, which made with fried onions, shrimp, garlic, ginger and red chillies. It is dry and crispy.

This dry version of food has a good shelf life as it is made with dried shrimps and everything is fried crisp as there is no moisture whatsoever!

Keeping that tradition of this dish, we made a fusion of dried ingredients, which contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the secret spices and named it Masala Balachao.

It is a spicy dish with a lot of dry chillies. This dish is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

To enjoy the authentic Thai taste, Masala Balachao would be a great cooking ingredient for you.

That is why, Balachao maker has brought a great fusion on Masala Balachao, which is different from the regular Balachao available at the super shop.

You can use this dried pickle to increase the taste of the regular dishes like Mixed Dal, Fried Rice, Khichuri, Noodles, Halim, Murighonto, Vegetable, etc.

The use of home-made spices also added a great taste in it.

Masala Ghor is a marketer of various home-made brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

Balachao
Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao in Bangladesh

Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium Balachao

We are the only spicy Balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh. You might surprise hearing the name “Balachao”. What is it?

Firstly, you have to know what is “Balachao”. Then you will understand what we are making for your mouth.

Balachao is a fusion of dried ingredients. It is now being manufactured by Balachao Maker in Dhaka.

Masala Balachao contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the special masala.

This crispy cooking ingredient is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

Especially Thai food lovers are mostly familiar with this food item.

However, Balacaho Maker is brought a great fusion on this food item, which is beyond the as usual taste of the Balachao available at the super shop.

Made with freshly processed shrimps and best spices, it brings you the great taste in a convenient local packaging form to protect and preserve the excellent aroma.

Balachaw Maker is a source of quality spice and cooking ingredients. It has started its July in 2019 to provide a variety of spice and cooking ingredients for the dedicated customer.

Balachaw Maker is the marketer of various home-made brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

If you are interested in business with Balachaw Maker, mail to chaghorbd@gmail.com

Even you may follow our Facebook Page. You may dial 01673375594 to discuss details.  

Balachaw Maker – Homemade Balachaw Manufacturer

Balachaw Maker is the largest homemade balachaw manufacturer in Bangladesh delivering healthy and delicious food items to your doors. Our listed home kitchens prepare food hygienically and healthily only for you. Balachaw Maker is passionate about homemade spicy and crispy food and cares about your time and health as well. Thus, it delivers a wide rage of handmade food whilst you busy at work, spending a memorable time with your family or even playing video games with your friends. Let this maker worry about your food and health.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate ChangeOcean acidification and marine ecosystem

Balachao is a spicy-dried food for spice lovers

Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao

0
Balachao
Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao in Bangladesh

We are the only spicy Balachao manufacturer in Bangladesh. You might surprise hearing the name “Balachao”. What is it?

Firstly, you have to know what is “Balachao”. Then you will understand what we are making for your mouth.

Balachao is a fusion of dried ingredients. It is now being manufactured by Balachao Maker in Dhaka.

Masala Balachao contains processed shrimps, onion, garlic, red chilli, salt, cooking oil and the special masala.

This crispy cooking ingredient is not only for the shrimp lover but also for the spice lover.

Especially Thai food lovers are mostly familiar with this food item.

However, Balacaho Maker is brought a great fusion on this food item, which is beyond the as usual taste of the Balachao available at the super shop.

Made with freshly processed shrimps and best spices, it brings you the great taste in a convenient local packaging form which is designed to protect and preserve the excellent aroma and taste.

Balachao Maker is a source of quality spice and cooking ingredients. It has started its July in 2019 to provide a variety of spice and cooking ingredients for the dedicated customer.

Balachao Maker is the marketer of various home-made brands and household names in Bangladesh.

With selective cooking ingredients, it becomes a companion on consumers’ everyday life.

If you are interested in business with Balachao Maker, mail to chaghorbd@gmail.com

Even you may follow our Facebook Page. You may dial 01673375594 to discuss details.   

Balachao Maker is a manufacturer of premium balachao
Spicy and Crispy Balachao

Recent Posts

More:

We are “Masala Balachaung Maker” in Bangladesh

Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100

4
Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100
Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100

Polar bears will be disappeared by the end of the century unless more is done to stop climate change, a study forecast.

Scientists say some inhabitants have already reached their survival boundaries as the Arctic sea ice shrinks.

The carnivores depend on the sea ice of the Arctic Ocean to a quest for seals.

As the ice breakdowns, the animals are required to travel for long distances or on to shore, where they scuffle to find food and feed their cubs.

The bear has become the “poster child of climate change”, said Dr Peter Molnar of the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada.

“Polar bears are already sitting at the top of the world; if the ice goes, they have no place to go,” he said.

Polar bears are considered as vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with climate change a vital reason in their decline.

Studies show that deteriorating sea ice is likely to decrease the number of polar bears, perhaps significantly. 

The new study, published in Nature Climate Change, puts a timeline on when that might happen.

Polar bears ‘running out of food’

DNA reveals polar bear’s ancient origins

Polar bears fail to adapt to lack of food in warmer Arctic

By demonstrating the energy use of polar bears, the researchers were able to analyse their endurance limits.

Dr Steven Amstrup, a chief scientist of Polar Bears International, who was also involved in the study, told: “What we’ve shown is that, first, we’ll lose the survival of cubs, so cubs will be born but the females won’t have enough body fat to produce milk to bring them along through the ice-free season.

“Any of us know that we can only go without food for so long,” he added, “That’s a biological reality for all species”.

The scientists also think when these thresholds will be strained in different parts of the Arctic. This may have already occurred in some areas where polar bears live, they said.

“Showing how imminent the threat is for different polar bear populations is another reminder. We must act now to head off the worst of future problems faced by us all,” said Dr Amstrup.

“The way we’re on now is not a decent one, but if humanity gets its turn together, we have time to save polar bears. And if we do, we will help the rest of life on Earth, including ourselves”.

Under the status of high carbon emissions, it’s likely that all but a few polar bear populations will downfall by 2100, the study found. And even if reasonable emissions reduction targets are reached, several populations will disappear.

The findings match earlier forecasts that polar bears are likely to persist to 2100 only in a few populations very far north if climate change continues unabated.

Sea ice is freezing seawater that floats on the ocean surface, forming and melting with the polar seasons. 

Some persevere year after year in the Arctic, providing a key environment for wildlife such as polar bears, seals, and walruses.

Sea ice that stays in the Arctic for longer than a year has been deteriorating at a rate of about 13% per decade since satellite records began in the late 1970s.

Recent Posts

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change to lose polar bear inhabitants by 2100

Climate change causes to continuous loss of older trees

0
Climate change causes to continuous loss of older trees
Climate change causes to continuous loss of older trees

Full-grown, carbon-rich tropical forests continue to be lost at an alarming rate due to climate change, according to satellite data.

According to the University of Maryland study of trees more than 5 meters, we have lost an area of primary forest in the size of a football pitch in every six seconds in 2019.

According to that study, the tropics lost 11.9 million hectares of tree cover in 2019.

Nearly a third of that loss, 3.8 million hectares, occurred within humid tropical primary forests, areas of mature rainforest that are especially important for biodiversity and carbon storage. That’s the equivalent of losing a football pitch of primary forest every 6 seconds for the entire year.

Primary forest loss was 2.8% higher in 2019 than the previous year. In addition, it has remained obstinately soaring for the last two decades even with efforts to stop deforestation.

At least 1.8 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide emissions are connected with 2019 primary forest loss, comparable to the annual emissions of 400 million cars.

Though the rate of primary forest loss was lower in 2019 than record years of 2016 and 2017, it was still the third-highest since the turn of the century.

The study found, 3.8 million in older, primary forest areas – the third-highest loss of primary trees since 2000 and a slight increase in 2018.

“The level of forest loss in 2019 is intolerable and that we actually already know how to turn it around,” Frances Seymour, from the World Resources Institute, said.

“But if governments slow down restrictions on burning, that they intend to open up indigenous territories for commercial exploration, forest loss goes up.”

Brazil reported for a third of it, its worst loss in 13 years apart from huge spikes in 2016 and 2017 from fires.

However, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of Congo both managed to reduce tree loss.

In the meantime, Australia got a six-fold rise in total tree loss, following dramatic wildfires late in 2019.

As well as storing massive amounts of carbon, primary, tropical rainforests, where trees can be hundreds or even thousands of years old, are home to species such as orangutans and tigers.

 “We also noted several new hotspots of primary forest loss within indigenous territories, especially in the state of Pará that were linked to land grabbing and to mining,” said Mikaela Weisse, from Global Forest Watch.  

“These incursions are specifically troublesome for the indigenous peoples have been some of the best conservers of forests in Brazil and around the world.”

Indonesia, so far, got losses to remain at historically low levels for the third consecutive years, thanks to its strong government action.

……………………………………

Climate change predictions to determine the impact on tigers

The combination of climate change and sea-level rise will lead to the total loss of Bengal tiger habitats in the area. 

However, important factors linked to this decline are rainfall in the summer season, vegetation (mangrove species) and maximum temperature of the warmest month.

The reason could be the control of Ceriops Decandra species of mangroves in this border stretch where salinity is relatively higher than the rest of the Sundarbans. Climate change would drive a tree species shift and also trigger extreme weather events adding to the effects of sea-level rise.

Health decline of Sundari trees in Sundarbans

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees. And, it is due to the effect of increased salinity on Sundari tree. But the continuing effects of climate change could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

Most significantly, the ‘top-dying disease’ is the reason for declining 15% of trees in the Sundarbans since the 80s.

The expert said, the increase of saline water is the key reason, and this is happening in the Sundarbans.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than other mangrove species. It has previously been identified as suffering from die-back due to rising salinity.

Tiger conservation

The government of Bangladesh should prioritise tiger conservation by designating more areas for tiger conservation, create corridors for transboundary tiger movements.

The fate of the tiger will be the same in entire Sundarbans if the governments don’t take necessary action to conserve and allow more areas dedicated for tiger conservation. Transboundary conservation measures by the Bangladesh and Indian governments are urgent.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate ChangeOcean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change causes to continuous loss of older trees

Tiger population is at risk in Sundarbans

0
Tiger population is at risk in Sundarbans.

Tiger population is at risk in Sundarbans. A total of 38 tigers died in the last 20 years in Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans. Last five months, two more tigers died of old age reasons in the Sundarbans.

Between 2001 and July 2020, altogether 38 tigers died, 22 in East Division and 16 in West Division of the Sundarbans.

However, last year, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, said the number of Royal Bengal Tiger in Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans increased to 114 from 106.

Some of the tigers died by poachers, some died in lynching, some passed away by the storm and tidal surge while some died of old age.

The latest Tiger Survey conducted in 2018 claims there were 114 tigers in the Sundarbans.

Climate change exposes Sundarbans tiger habitats

Royal Bengal tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans could be wiped off by 2070 because of both climate change and sea-level rise. 

Researchers forecast a Ceriops-dominated mangrove stretch along the India-Bangladesh border would potentially be the last refuge of the big cats in the Sundarbans.

Bangladesh and Australian researchers have conducted this study. The journal Science of The Total Environment published it.

“Our studies show a rapid falling-off the Royal Bengal tiger population and suitable tiger habitats in the Bangladesh Sundarbans area by 2050,” said the corresponding author of the study, Sharif A. Mukul.

With more than 10,000 square kilometres of areas, the Sundarbans region of Bangladesh and India is the most critical area for Bengal tiger survival.

The latest census using camera traps has stated the number of tigers to be between 83 and 130 in the Bangladesh Sundarbans while in India side of the mangroves to be only 86.

“We found that climate change has a higher impact on Bengal tiger in Sundarbans rather than the sea level rise alone,” said Mukul, an assistant professor at Independent University, Bangladesh.

The study considered sea level rise as a consequence of climate change. The researchers examined suitable tiger habitats in the mangrove ecosystem where the tigers prefer to live. This space along the India and Bangladesh borders in the Sundarbans and is the site of Bangladesh’s Sundarban West Wildlife Sanctuary.

In Bangladesh Sundarbans, the three main wildlife sanctuaries are Sundarban West, South and East. These sanctuaries cover around 23 percent of the total Sundarbans reserved forest owned by the Bangladesh Forest Department.

The sanctuary of the Sundarbans has been increased from 139,700 hectares to 317,900 hectares among the total of 601,700 hectares forest area.

Considering this fact, it is inadequate. We know Sundarbans is the largest wild habitat of Bengal tigers and only place where tigers are adapted to live in mangrove ecosystems.

Climate change predictions to determine the impact on tigers

In both the scenarios, the combination of climate change and sea-level rise will lead to the total loss of Bengal tiger habitats in the area. 

Important factors linked to this decline are rainfall in the summer season, vegetation (mangrove species) and maximum temperature of the warmest month.

The reason could be the control of Ceriops Decandra species of mangroves in this border stretch where salinity is relatively higher than the rest of the Sundarbans. Climate change would drive a tree species shift and also trigger extreme weather events adding to the effects of sea-level rise.

Health decline of Sundari trees in Sundarbans

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees. And, it is due to the effect of increased salinity on Sundari tree. But the continuing effects of climate change could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

Most significantly, the ‘top-dying disease’ is the reason for declining 15% of trees in the Sundarbans since the 80s.

The expert said, the increase of saline water is the key reason, and this is happening in the Sundarbans.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than other mangrove species and has previously been identified as suffering from die-back due to rising salinity.

Tiger conservation

The government of Bangladesh should prioritise tiger conservation by designating more areas for tiger conservation, create corridors for transboundary tiger movements.

The fate of the tiger will be the same in entire Sundarbans if the governments don’t take necessary action to conserve and allow more areas dedicated for tiger conservation. Transboundary conservation measures by the Bangladesh and Indian governments are urgent.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate ChangeOcean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change endangers Sundarbans tiger habitats

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Sundarbans Tiger
Climate change endangers Sundarbans tiger habitats

Within 50 years, the entire population of Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans mangroves in Bangladesh is likely to be lost to climate change and sea-level rise.

  • Royal Bengal tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans could be wiped off by 2070 because of both climate change and sea-level rise.
  • By 2050, researchers forecast a Ceriops-dominated mangrove stretch along the India-Bangladesh border would potentially be the last refuge of the big cats in the Sundarbans.
  • Transboundary conservation measures by the Bangladesh and Indian governments are urgent. Otherwise, the fate of the tiger will be the same in the entire Sundarbans, said, researchers.

This predict of Royal Bengal tigers wiped off by 2070 is by Bangladesh and Australian researchers who have conducted a modelling study. 

Further, by 2050 researchers forecast that a Ceriops decandra-dominated mangrove stretch along the India-Bangladesh border would potentially be the only refuge of the big cats in the Sundarbans, underpinning the urgency of executing transboundary measures in conservation. 

“Our studies show a rapid falling-off the Royal Bengal tiger population and suitable tiger habitats in the Bangladesh Sundarbans area by 2050,” said the corresponding author of the study, Sharif A. Mukul.

With more than 10,000 square kilometres of areas, the Sundarbans region of Bangladesh and India is the most critical area for Bengal tiger survival. The Bangladesh side of the forest covers nearly 60 percent of the total area of the Sundarbans.

The latest census using camera traps has stated the number of tigers to be between 83 and 130 in the Bangladesh Sundarbans while in India side of the mangroves to be only 86.

“We found that climate change has a higher impact on Bengal tiger in Sundarbans rather than the sea level rise alone,” said Mukul, an assistant professor at Independent University, Bangladesh.

The study considered sea level rise as a consequence of climate change. The researchers examined suitable tiger habitats in the mangrove ecosystem where the tigers prefer to live. This space along the India and Bangladesh borders in the Sundarbans and is the site of Bangladesh’s Sundarban West Wildlife Sanctuary.

In Bangladesh Sundarbans, the three main wildlife sanctuaries are Sundarban West, South and East. These sanctuaries cover around 23 percent of the total Sundarbans reserved forest owned by the Bangladesh Forest Department.

Considering this fact, it is inadequate. We know Sundarbans is the largest wild habitat of Bengal tigers and only place where tigers are adapted to live in mangrove ecosystems.

Climate change predictions to determine the impact on tigers

In both the scenarios, the combination of climate change and sea-level rise will lead to the total loss of Bengal tiger habitats in the area by 2070. 

Important factors linked to the distribution of the big cats in the Sundarbans are rainfall in the summer season, vegetation (mangrove species) and maximum temperature of the warmest month.

We must also understand that the Sundarbans is a very dynamic system. So, the actual scenario could be better or worse than what we have predicted.

The reason could be the control of Ceriops decandra species of mangroves in this border stretch where salinity is relatively higher than the rest of the Sundarbans. Climate change would drive a tree species shift and also trigger extreme weather events adding to the effects of sea-level rise.

Climate change is likely to follow a similar path in the Indian Sundarbans and its counterpart in Bangladesh. Both sides are vulnerable to rising sea level.

The illegal poaching and human-tiger conflict are common on both sides of the Sundarbans.  

Professor Bill Laurance of James Cook University in Australia, a co-author of the study emphasised on the new protected areas and reducing illegal poaching.

The government of Bangladesh ought to place tiger conservation by designating a lot of areas for tiger conservation, produce corridors for transboundary tiger movements. The authors have instructed to avoid unplanned development within the neighbourhood and lift public awareness to manage human-tiger conflicts with in the space, the authors recommend.

The fate of the tiger will be the same in entire Sundarbans if the governments don’t take necessary action to conserve and allow more areas dedicated for tiger conservation.

Latest Articles

Other reports

Climate Change and River salinity in coastal areas.

Climate change causes substantial changes in river salinity. Accordingly, it leads to the crisis of drinking water as well as the shortage of irrigation water. 

Shortly, the changes in river salinity will unpleasantly affect the productivity of many capture fisheries. Negatively, it will affect the wild habitats of freshwater fish and giant prawns. 

The health of Mangrove trees is declining.

A new study says the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans has significantly declined over the last 30 years due to salinity increase. 

Consequently, the decline in health could critically hamper the ability to spring back. It makes it prone to unexpected climate-related hazards.

Also, the salinity increase in the water may induce a shift in the Sunderbans mangrove forest from Sundari to Gewa and Guran. 

Accordingly, Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Khulna, Jhalokati, Pirojpur, and Satkhira districts will be most adversely affected.

Climate Change, Soil Salinity in Coastal
Bangladesh.

Soon, the salinity level in the soil will surge in many areas of Barisal, Chittagong, and Khulna districts significantly. A study on the soil of the coastal regions of Bangladesh, the Soil Research Development Institute projects a median increase of 26% in salinity by 2050, with increases over 55% in the most affected areas.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate ChangeOcean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change endangers Sundarbans tiger habitats

50 Lakhs++ Project Value Financial Consultancy

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Financial Consultancy
50 Lakhs++ Project Value Financial Consultancy

If you are looking for 50 Lakhs++ Project Value Financial Consultancy, we are here to help you.

Our services:

Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) loan processing, project profiling, project loan extension, and easing project loans.

If you are a regular businessman and have a regular transaction in bank, and willing to give the necessary collateral, you may take help from us.

Feel free to mail us at responsetocovid19@gmail.com 

50 Lakhs++ Project Value Financial Consultancy
50 Lakh++ Project Value Financial Consultancy

About The Program

Our financial recovery management in response to COVID-19 is an inclusive program to support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. Our inclusive program aims to serve our customers in a sustainable manner through a market-led approach. The distinction of this program lies in the clear identification of emergency business aid to create opportunities in the post-COVID world.

Our vision is to build an inclusive credential on financial recovery management in response to COVID-19 engaging services to the private sector. Our strategic objective is recovery through innovation.

Key Strategies

Integrate govt. announced stimulus packages to implement the immediate, short and long phases through increasing monetary supply.

Applying our expertise in aid to innovate products and services for economic and social development.

Concept testing to scale-up new or existing services.

Understanding customer’s need and national priorities to decide among alternate investment opportunities.

The multi-stakeholder partnership includes banks, financial institutes, national and global private sector leaders, and academia.

Our Services

Emergency Business Aid Support

Present scenario confirms that small-scale enterprises are in a crisis of working capital. Therefore, we are expecting to deal with those profiles requires emergency business aid in response to COVID-19. Moreover, our business outreach strategies for financial recovery is well defined for agriculture and small and medium-sized enterprises. 

Market Research & Project Financing

Ongoing business with infrastructure is at the core of the emergency business aid. Our team aimed at reorganizes of business models, services and community outreach strategies for any kind of project. Besides, we understand the value of market research to facilitate innovation and create the opportunity for the next economy. 

Consultancy

We are in COVID-19 timeline; however, the leadership behind our approach draws on many years of experience in project financing both at home and abroad. We offer a range of consulting services that aim to ease the business development of enterprises (SMEs) and initiatives engaged in agriculture.

Other reports

Climate Change and River salinity in coastal areas.

Climate change causes substantial changes in river salinity. Accordingly, it leads to the crisis of drinking water as well as the shortage of irrigation water. 

Shortly, the changes in river salinity will unpleasantly affect the productivity of many capture fisheries. Negatively, it will affect the wild habitats of freshwater fish and giant prawns. 

The health of Mangrove trees is declining.

A new study says the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans has significantly declined over the last 30 years due to salinity increase. 

Consequently, the decline in health could critically hamper the ability to spring back. It makes it prone to unexpected climate-related hazards.

Also, the salinity increase in the water may induce a shift in the Sunderbans mangrove forest from Sundari to Gewa and Guran. 

Accordingly, Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Khulna, Jhalokati, Pirojpur, and Satkhira districts will be most adversely affected.

Climate Change, Soil Salinity in Coastal
Bangladesh.

Soon, the salinity level in the soil will surge in many areas of Barisal, Chittagong, and Khulna districts significantly. A study on the soil of the coastal regions of Bangladesh, the Soil Research Development Institute projects a median increase of 26% in salinity by 2050, with increases over 55% in the most affected areas.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change to destroy all of Earth’s coral reefs by 2100

   

50 Lakhs++ Project Value Financial Consultancy

Climate change to destroy all of Earth’s coral reefs by 2100

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Coral Reef
climate change could devastate nearly all of Earth's coral reef habitats by 2100

New research says climate change could devastate nearly all of Earth’s coral reef habitats by 2100.

Among the existing, around 70-90% of coral reefs are likely to disappear in the next 20 years because of warming oceans, acidic water, and pollution, said scientists from the University of Hawaii Manoa.

They made their findings public on last Monday at an ocean sciences conference.

A few ecological activists and coral reef researchers have been working closely on the restoration of coral. They tried to grow live corals in a lab, and then put them back into aquatic environments to restore dying reefs.

But the researchers warned, this may not be adequate to save Earth’s coral reefs.

The new study made cluster on the ocean areas that would be best suited to this type of coral restoration. They also took into consideration factors like acidity, water temperature, human population density and fishing frequency.

After investigating the world’s oceans, they reached a serious remark: “By 2100, few to zero suitable coral habitats will remain.”

Unfortunately, existing ocean parts where coral reefs live today won’t be healthy by 2045. And, the circumstance of these environments is only likely to get worse by 2100, according to the team’s simulations.

Only a few sites will be viable for the restoration of a coral reef by 2100, like portions of Baja California and the Red Sea — even these aren’t suitable territories for reef because they’re close to rivers.

The researchers warned that human-made climate change was the big killer, a small part of the larger threat.

“Cleaning up the beaches and battling pollution are praiseworthy. But, we need to continue those efforts,” Setter said in that release.

“But tackling climate change is really what we need to be advocating for shielding corals.”

Coral reef die-off

Earlier, scientists warned that the world’s reefs are heading for “massive death”  as ocean warming and acidification destroy entire swaths of reefs.

The Great Barrier Reef is a case for a large scale of “bleaching” events by above-average water temperatures in the last two decades.

Then, a drastic marine heatwave in 2016 and 2017 has destroyed about half of the corals on the Great Barrier Reef.

The Great Barrier Reef is such habitat for a diverse range of marine life. 

Moreover, the extinction could cause ecological collapse as third of all sea species depend on reefs, experts warn.

Also, coral reefs protect the shorelines and coastal infrastructure.

In recent years, activists are in the quest of saving the reefs. Almost nothing will be unless we take drastic action on climate change.

Other reports

Climate Change and River salinity in coastal areas.

Climate change causes substantial changes in river salinity. Accordingly, it leads to the crisis of drinking water as well as the shortage of irrigation water. 

Shortly, the changes in river salinity will unpleasantly affect the productivity of many capture fisheries. Negatively, it will affect the wild habitats of freshwater fish and giant prawns. 

The health of Mangrove trees is declining.

A new study says the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans has significantly declined over the last 30 years due to salinity increase. 

Consequently, the decline in health could critically hamper the ability to spring back. It makes it prone to unexpected climate-related hazards.

Also, the salinity increase in the water may induce a shift in the Sunderbans mangrove forest from Sundari to Gewa and Guran. 

Accordingly, Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Khulna, Jhalokati, Pirojpur, and Satkhira districts will be most adversely affected.

Climate Change, Soil Salinity in Coastal
Bangladesh.

Soon, the salinity level in the soil will surge in many areas of Barisal, Chittagong, and Khulna districts significantly. A study on the soil of the coastal regions of Bangladesh, the Soil Research Development Institute projects a median increase of 26% in salinity by 2050, with increases over 55% in the most affected areas.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Climate change to destroy all of Earth’s coral reefs by 2100

Climate-induced soil salinity affects coastal Bangladesh

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Climate Change
Saltwater intrusion, Changing Climate Scenario, affects coastal Bangladesh.

Climate change is a key reason to increase river salinity leading to shortages of drinking water and irrigation. It is bringing a substantial difference in the aquatic ecosystems in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.

In the coastal areas of Bangladesh, salinity intrusion in soil may lead to a deteriorating yield by 15.6% of high-harvesting-variety rice and reduce the income of farmers expressively.

In the background of climate change, we know, the coastal population is more exposed to saltwater intrusion. These populations on the “frontline” of climate change because of the constant sea-level rise beyond 2100, even if greenhouse gas emissions remain stable today. 

Therefore, Bangladesh must comprehend the potential impacts and begin planning to cope with them.

However, most research has focused on the long-run effects of the sea level rise and associated losses from heightened cyclone-induced surges. 

So, we need to investigate the level of higher salinity from saltwater intrusion, and its impact on livelihoods and adaptation alternatives.

To look more closely at the impacts of climate change on saltwater intrusion, the World Bank researched on the coastal region of Bangladesh. 

Already, they found the coastal area is facing problems from salinization. And, the situation is deteriorating.

Climate Change and River salinity in coastal areas.

Climate change causes substantial changes in river salinity. Accordingly, it leads to the crisis of drinking water as well as the shortage of irrigation water. 

Shortly, the changes in river salinity will unpleasantly affect the productivity of many capture fisheries. Negatively, it will affect the wild habitats of freshwater fish and giant prawns. 

The health of Mangrove trees is declining.

A new study says the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans has significantly declined over the last 30 years due to salinity increase. 

Consequently, the decline in health could critically hamper the ability to spring back. It makes it prone to unexpected climate-related hazards.

Also, the salinity increase in the water may induce a shift in the Sunderbans mangrove forest from Sundari to Gewa and Guran. 

Accordingly, Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Khulna, Jhalokati, Pirojpur, and Satkhira districts will be most adversely affected.

Climate Change, Soil Salinity in Coastal
Bangladesh.

Soon, the salinity level in the soil will surge in many areas of Barisal, Chittagong, and Khulna districts significantly. A study on the soil of the coastal regions of Bangladesh, the Soil Research Development Institute projects a median increase of 26% in salinity by 2050, with increases over 55% in the most affected areas.

Impacts on rice production due to climate change.

Accordingly, the climate-induced soil salinity is impacting on the output of high-harvesting-variety rice. As a result, the rice harvest is likely to decline by 15.6% in nine coastal unions, where the soil salinity will exceed around four decisions per meter by 2050. 

Now, the farmers are earning less from rice production in several regions, along with the losses of 10.5% Barisal and 7.5 in Chittagong, earlier. 

Consequently, many unions are suffering from significant yield losses and substantial price reductions from rising salinity. 

Livelihoods are in threat in a changing climate.

Already, the salinity has turned the household status to the most harmful level. The poverty impact is striking one that the economic situation of a coastal household is in the bottom 20% rises six-fold, from 8% to 56%.

Therefore, the Bangladesh government is trying to cope up with the adverse effects of a changing climate. As we know, the country is one of the frontiers which is affected by climate change.

 Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change. Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Sundarbans can regenerate after the damage by cyclone Amphan

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Sundarbans
Sundarbans can regenerate after the damage by cyclone Amphan

We know the Sundarbans has its capacity to regenerate. The damage after the Amphan is possible to recover like the recovery after the destruction by cyclone Bulbul.

The cyclonic storm Amphan has uprooted around 12,358 trees.  So far, the forest department incurred losses in infrastructure worth Tk 21,500,000, according to a damage determination report of the forest department.

Garans were the victims of the cyclone, whilst the monetary value of all the broken trees is Tk1,010,000.

However, according to the forest department’s report, no wild animals were killed during the passing over of the cyclone.

Last year, the mangrove forest lost 4,589 trees because of the cyclone Bulbul. The forest department had to carry on an infrastructural loss up to Tk 62, 85,000 then.

Authorities ban cutting down of trees so that the forest could regenerate.

Md Bashirul Al Mamun, Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) of the Sundarbans West Zone, said: “Cutting down of all sorts of trees in this mangrove forest has been banned. Sundarbans has successfully regenerated after the attack of cyclone Bulbul. Similarly, it will happen in this case; we will only have to renovate our infrastructures.”

Even though instances of casualties has reported during two earlier storms in 2007 and 2009. A thousand people survived as the Sundarbans stood as a shield between the inhabitants of the coastal districts and the fierce winds.

However, the Sundarbans has saved Bangladesh again, which it has been doing for hundreds of years.

Similarly, this time, it took the blow of super-cyclone Amphan and protected us from severe devastation.

The Sundarbans is not only an ecosystem is torn, rather it is an unspoken “trouble-shooter” addressing our social challenges.

We were already overwhelmed by two of the main challenges—climate change and biodiversity loss. What is more, mangroves are such natural systems that can help us tackle both challenges.

As we continue facing a climate crisis and biodiversity loss in catastrophic proportions can be protecting the Sundarbans and nature, as a whole, be our priority now?

We may justify investing in the protection, restoration, and expansion of the mangroves. However, the return from preserving and restoring mangrove is ten times the investment.

Unfortunately, Sundari tree, the main mangrove species in the Sundarbans is becoming unhealthy gradually.

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees.

It is due to the effect of increased salinity and the continuing effects of climate change. These could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

A satellite-based data-driven study on world’s mangrove system brought new findings to say that the dreadful effects of climate change could severely hamper the growths of Sundari tree.

Around 1.44 million cubic meters of Sundari trees have been lost to “top-dying disease in the last 30 years,” experts said.

Top-dying disease among the Sundari, heart-rot disease among the Pashur, and dieback disease in the Kewara, are behind the trees’ rapid decline.

The expert said, the increases of saline water are the key reason, and this is happening in the Sundarbans.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than another mangrove species.

“There is evidence of a decline in the health of about 25% of the mangrove trees,” said study author Katie Awty-Carroll of Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales.

Awty-Carroll and his team observed along with a 30-year time series of Landsat data of the entire Sundarbans.

However, it is hard to know the proper explanations behind this decline in mangrove health, the scientists think the long-term decline in mangrove health may be linked to the impacts of increased salinity on the Sundari tree.

Also, rising sea levels are increasing salinity, with adverse effects on the damage from severe cyclones mean that the defensive capacity of the Sundarbans could be reduced in future years.

This study also explored the damage of Sidr, which made landfall in Bangladesh in November 2007.

“We estimate that around 11% of the Sundarbans forest was damaged by Sidr, which is lower than other estimates,” said Awty-Carroll.

Meanwhile, this study also revealed that the effects of Sidr were still apparent more than 10 years after the cyclone made landfall.

Besides, the super-cyclone Amphan brought significant damage over the entire Sundarbans region.

Accordingly, this suggests that major cyclones could decrease the health of the mangroves for a long.

We know, Climate change has to lead to an increase in the salinity of the water and soil of the Sundarbans.

Earlier, it was a finding of 30ppm of salinity in the water—which declines the disease-prevention capacity of the trees.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change.

Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Does Cyclone Amphan badly damages Sundarbans like Sidr?

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Sundarbans
Does Cyclone Amphan badly damages Sundarbans like Sidr?

Super cyclone Amphan battered West Bengal and Bangladesh’s coastal area and badly damaged parts of the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world, spread across India and Bangladesh.

The cyclone has already hit the coastal district of Khulna with strong winds and heavy rainfall.

Streets waterlogged, trees uprooted and houses damaged due to strong winds and heavy rain as Amphan crossed West Bengal-Bangladesh coast between Digha (West Bengal) and Hatiya Islands (Bangladesh) across Sunderbans.

The cyclonic storm Amphan has uprooted around 12,300 trees, mostly Garans, in the Bangladeshi part of the Sundarbans mangrove forest.

Vulnerable people were evacuated from the coastal and forest areas ahead of the cyclone. The fate of wild animals found in the Sundarban would have suffered the most in the aftermath of Cyclone Amphan.

However, the Sundarbans has saved Bangladesh again, which it has been doing for hundreds of years.

Similarly, this time, it took the blow of super-cyclone Amphan and protected us from severe devastation.

When it comes to saving people from coastal flooding, Bangladesh is one of the top three countries in the world getting the most benefit from its mangroves.

According to a recent study, a 20-km mangrove stretch could give more than USD 250 million-flood protection benefits a year. Can we only partly imagine the importance of the Sundarbans to Bangladesh?

The Sundarbans is not only an ecosystem is torn rather it is an unspoken “trouble-shooter” addressing our social challenges.

We were already overwhelmed by two of the main challenges—climate change and biodiversity loss. What is more, mangroves are such natural systems that can help us tackle both challenges.

As we continue facing a climate crisis and biodiversity loss in catastrophic proportions can be protecting the Sundarbans and nature, as a whole, be our priority now?

Like other countries with mangroves, Bangladesh is also enjoying tremendous benefits out of them.

Globally, mangroves give us USD 65 billion value of coastal flood protection each year. They yearly give us USD 50 billion non-market benefits from fisheries, forestry, and recreation.

We may justify investing in the protection, restoration, and expansion of the mangroves. However, the return from preserving and restoring mangrove is 10 times the investment. How would we value thousands of years of evolution of mangroves? What price can we put on a mangrove when it is the home of hundreds?

Unfortunately, Sundari tree, the main mangrove species in the Sundarbans is becoming unhealthy gradually.

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees.

It is due to the effect of increased salinity and the continuing effects of climate change. These could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

A satellite-based data-driven study on world’s mangrove system brought new findings to say that the dreadful effects of climate change could severely hamper the growths of Sundari tree.

Around 1.44 million cubic meters of Sundari trees have been lost to “top-dying disease in the last 30 years,” experts said.

Top-dying disease among the Sundari, heart-rot disease among the Pashur, and dieback disease in the Kewara, are behind the trees’ rapid decline.

The expert said, the increases of saline water are the key reason, and this is happening in the Sundarbans.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than another mangrove species.

“There is evidence of a decline in the health of about 25% of the mangrove trees,” said study author Katie Awty-Carroll of Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales.

Awty-Carroll and his team observed along with a 30-year time series of Landsat data of the entire Sundarbans.

However, it is hard to know the proper explanations behind this decline in mangrove health, the scientists think the long-term decline in mangrove health may be linked to the impacts of increased salinity on the Sundari tree.

Also, rising sea levels are increasing salinity, with adverse effects on the damage from severe cyclones mean that the defensive capacity of the Sundarbans could be reduced in future years.

This study also explored the damage of Sidr, which made landfall in Bangladesh in November 2007.

“We estimate that around 11% of the Sundarbans forest was damaged by Sidr, which is lower than other estimates,” said Awty-Carroll.

Meanwhile, this study also revealed that the effects of Sidr were still apparent more than 10 years after the cyclone made landfall.

Besides, the super-cyclone Amphan brought significant damage over the entire Sundarbans region.

Accordingly, this suggests that major cyclones could decrease the health of the mangroves for a long.

We know, Climate change has to lead to an increase in the salinity of the water and soil of the Sundarbans.

Earlier, it was a finding of 30ppm of salinity in the water—which declines the disease-prevention capacity of the trees.

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

 As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change.

 Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Does Cyclone Amphan badly damages Sundarbans like Sidr?

Is Climate Journalism Course affordable in Bangladesh?

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Climate Journalism
Is Climate Journalism Course affordable

Climate Journalism Course is now affordable which is unbelievable too. Moreover, this course aims to enhance understanding of climate change impacts on biodiversity.

Fortunately, this online course is designed for passionate writer and next journalists with limited experience engaging with issues on climate change and ecosystem services interactions with biodiversity locally, nationally and internationally.

The course participants assess the climate change-related issues relevant to available articles in biodiversity, identify the topics and then follow appropriate writing style. 

Participants also develop a writing skill to relate the human-climate fact within 1 to 2 months after the training workshop.

Applicants to this training course need not demonstrate prior experience with journalism and how skills gained will be utilized after the workshop.

Communicating Climate Change is to promote key knowledge on climate change issues and to cover the most basic journalism skills – in the context of Bangladesh. We’re particularly opening this extensive course to prepare the next climate journalist. 

You may not a subject matter expert, but you will become familiar with the key concepts, approaches, and climate journalism staples. 

To promote Climate Journalism in Bangladesh, we’re particularly opening this course on climate change to prepare the next journalist. With this great objective, we are going to run a three-month campaign to introduce this course among students with an extensive collaboration of the interested partners.

Moreover, this campaign aims to teach students between graduate and post-graduate. That is why; we are emphasizing their pattern of seeking information, also to influence them to enrol this course by ensuring their active participation.

A social media campaign will run to promote this course. University faculty, expert, practitioners, and journalist will engage with this initiative. 

Why climate journalism is facing difficulties in Bangladesh?  

The knowledge of climate change among University students is relatively insignificant in Bangladesh, that understanding is making them less interested. This is why we are focusing on 20-25 years aged university students, the key audience, also the future leader of the nation to keep an active role in society. We better know, their pattern of seeking information is through educational institutes, teachers, and social media platforms.

Finally, our objective is to influence 100 students of 20-25-year-old age throughout the nation to enrol this course for their future between 1 June and 31 August 2020.

Participants will enrol in this online course with a registration fee. After finishing the course materials, the participants will have to join in the online quiz or complete the assignment. Finally, the participants will get the certificate. This course will start from 20th June 2020. 

Key objectives of this course:

  1. To give basic knowledge on climate change issues
  2. To guide the participants on key climate journalism topics
  3. To launch a certification process for participants who wish to publish an article as a trainee journalist.

A summary of this curriculum—

  • Learning: Climate Change Issues in the context of Bangladesh 
  • Skills Development: Climate Journalism Staples
  • Content Training: Making the Climate-human Link
  • Evaluation: Online Exam
  • Reward: Certification

What the participants will learn

  • Basic Knowledge on Climate Change
  • Climate Issues
  • Climate and Health
  • Climate Change and its impact on Bangladesh
  • Climate Journalism Training
  • Climate Change Communication in Social Media

Instructor

Zulker Naeen

Climate Journalist

Zulker Naeen is a South Asia Fellow at Climate Tracker and freelance climate journalist from Bangladesh. He has three years of experience in the field. Zulker developed all his courses with the support of other experienced Climate Tracker staff credited on the course landing page.

 As a young climate advocate, his fellowship aims to share knowledge of climate change.

 Climate Tracker is a global media network closely works on Climate Change.

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Is Climate Journalism Course affordable in Bangladesh?

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

21
Climate Change
Communicating Climate Change

Communicating Climate: A Climate Change Journalism Workshop is to promote key knowledge on climate change issues and to cover the most basic journalism skills – pitching, fact-finding, interviewing, data visualization, and more – in the context of Bangladesh.

Key objectives of this course:

  1. To give basic knowledge on climate change issues
  2. To guide the participants on key climate journalism topics
  3. To launch a certification process for participants who wish to publish an article as a trainee journalist.

A summary of this curriculum—

  1. Learning: Climate Change Issues in the context of Bangladesh
  2. Skills Development: Climate Journalism Staples
  3. Content Training: Making the Climate-human Link
  4. Evaluation: Online Exam
  5. Reward: Certification

What the participants will learn

  • Basic Knowledge on Climate Change
  • Climate Change Issues
  • Climate and Health
  • Climate Change and its impact on Bangladesh
  • Climate Journalism Training
  • Climate Change Communication in Social Media

Is there any course prerequisites?

There is no course prerequisite.

Climate Journalism in Bangladesh

As a campaigner of Climate Journalism in Bangladesh, we’re particularly opening a course on climate change to prepare the next journalist. With this great objective, we are going to run a three-month campaign to introduce this course among students with an extensive collaboration of the interested partners.

This campaign is designed to reach the students between graduate and post-graduate emphasizing their pattern of seeking information, also to influence them to enrol this course by ensuring their active participation.

A social media campaign is going to be developed to promote this course. University faculty, expert, practitioners, and journalist will engage with this initiative. Students will partake in the online course by a registration process. After the complication of the course materials, the participants have to join in the online quiz. 

Finally, this initiative will award the winners with a certificate. 

#Context

The knowledge of climate change among University students is relatively insignificant in Bangladesh, that understanding is making them less interested. 

#Community Partners and Stakeholders

Students, Teachers, Universities, Publishers, Media, Co-organizer.                                                                                        

# Priority Audience: Students

20-25 years aged university students, the key audience, also the future leader of the nation to keep an active role in society. Their pattern of seeking information is through educational institutes, teachers, and social media platforms.

Communication Objective

To influence 100 students of 20-25-year-old age throughout the nation to enrol this course for their future between 1 June and 31 August 2020.

#Strategies

Course Development:  To develop an easygoing course for the student.

Online Contest:  To arrange an online contest to offer the course.

Video: To make a few online sessions on the mandatory topic.

Digital Campaign:  To design a complete digital campaign plan for all social media platforms. 

Awards:  To award certificate for the winners.  

Participatory gifts: To engage co-sponsors to offer various gifts for the standard participants.

#Course Module

Section 1 | Introduction

#Introduction to the overall course

It will try to explain to the participants why climate change topics are easier to understand with our course.

Section 2 | Introduction to Climate Change

#A brief introduction to Climate Change

It will try to give the participants a basic knowledge on climate change and related topic thus they get an overview.

Section 3 | Climate Change Issues

#An introduction to Climate Change related issues

Wildfires, cyclones, and infectious diseases are the key topics for participants to understand how to highlight the human-interest story behind climate change.

Section 4 | Climate and Health

#Health challenges and Climate Adaptation

It will introduce the health challenges, as well as the opportunities, that can be associated with climate change. In addition, it will give you a brief idea on Adaptation: Minimizing climate risks to health, building resilience against climate effects, building climate-resilient health systems, and health response to climate change.

Section 5 | Climate Change and its impact on Bangladesh

#Existing climate challenges in Bangladesh

It will introduce the existing challenges associated with climate change in Bangladesh

Section 6 | A to Z of Climate Journalism Know-How’s

#How to write as a Climate Journalist

It will inspire the participants to be a climate journalist. Participants will learn how to effectively pitch a story to the editors about climate.

Also, they will find the important facts, time-sensitive, identifiable characters, the central conflict, and the identifiable theme. Moreover, they will learn how to searching for sources. In addition, they will learn how to ask questions for the Interview. Again, this section will also try to learn two-three tools on how they better know data visualization.

Section 7 | Climate Topics for writings

#Explanation: Few articles related to climate change

It will explain 10 published articles on climate issues covered by the Climate Journalist.

Section 8 | Climate Change Communication in Social Media

#Act as a Climate Advocate in Social Media  

It will explain how to use social media to design a campaign on climate change issues and act as a climate advocate. 

Climate Change Journalism Workshop in Bangladesh Now

Strategic Insight in Three Circles

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Strategic Insight
Strategic insight in three circles

Writing strategic insight is crucial for every business; however, a set of questions may ease that analytical task.

Moreover, a communication practitioner may help your internal analyst team to design a rigorous form to acquire the real picture.

A company always tries to build a distinct competitive advantage to grow more and to be profitable over the long term. A very few have a clear idea of what that really means. The various language of strategy creates confusion among them, as they are not oriented with the technical details of analytical tools.

We would like to tell them to draw three circles.

Those circles, positioned in the proper relationship to one another, provide an excellent visual representation of what strategy—both internal and external—means.

Hundreds of leaders have accepted this strategy concept by using this simple tool. They take it back to their organizations, where it often becomes part of the decision-making process.

Let’s try this exercise by engaging an executive team. First, the team should think intensely about what customers value and why. Identifying deeper values can ease the decision-making process and create new opportunities for value creation. The first circle thus signifies the team’s consensus on most valuable customers or customers’ needs.

Company’s Offerings, Customers’ Needs.

The second circle represents the team’s view of how customers accept the company’s offerings. Here, the two circles overlap indicates how well the company’s offerings are meeting customers’ needs.

Even in mature industries, customers get a chance to express their needs or problems in conversations with companies. Very Often, the customers’ unexpressed problems turn into growth opportunities.

The third circle represents the team’s view of how customers perceive the competitors’ offerings.

Company’s Offerings, Competitors’ Offerings, Customers’ Needs.

Each area within these three circles is strategically essential.

However, A, B, and C are vital to building a competitive advantage. Also, your team should prepare separate questions for each circle.

For A: How significant and sustainable are our advantages? Are they creating distinctive capabilities?

For B: Are we providing well in the area of parity?

For C: How can we breach our competitors’ advantages?

The team should design a strategic plan over the company’s competitive advantages and assess them by asking customers.

The process can yield surprising insights, such as how many opportunities for growth exists in the white space (E).

Another insight might create values for the company or its competitors that not requires for customers now (D, F, or G).

However, the critical disclosure is often that area A, designed as massive by the company, turns out to be little in customers’ eyes.

Strategic Insight in Three Circles

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

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Covid-19
Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

The Covid-19 pandemic is still making its way around the world, and it will remain a few more times before it’s over. However, at the early stage, we get some lessons on how to take preparation to deal with the future problem of climate change impacts soon after it.

Significantly, the Covid-19 virus outbreak has more to do with how we have neglected our ecosystems rather than because of human-induced climate change.

Today, it proves the coexistence of this pandemic and climate change.

The first lesson is about when to take action when faced with a future problem. Leaders tend to wait for the problem to occur before taking action, despite having warning by scientists earlier about the imminence of the problem. Even at this early stage, it is clear that initial responses to be better prepared for the problem before it occurs is much more effective.

However, it means our leaders don’t accept what the scientists warn them earlier and asked for policies that may seem too much then, and it was a warning even before the problem arises. However, as we know now, it is better to overreact before the problem arises so that the problem can put under control before the problem becomes a crisis.

Waiting for the problem to manifest itself may lead many lives to lose unnecessarily. This is what is now playing out in Italy and Spain. It may lead to this similar case in the United States and the United Kingdom too. Let’s hope this not happens in Bangladesh.

In the second lesson, we couldn’t stop the entry of foreign migrants. Of course, we can try to do so, and somehow it may even delay this problem.

Equally, indeed, we can only try to protect ourselves at the personal and household level. Still, if others get start affecting around us, then we will also be its victim sooner or later.

The success of tackling the pandemic in Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea, has already shown how collective action from everyone in the country, together with proactive leaders, can overcome the challenges.

The third lesson is one end of the scale.

Even though the Covid-19 pandemic seems a devastating one now, its impacts will pale in comparison with the potential effects of climate change, which are yet to come.

Hence, the early action to prevent the worst impacts, including adaptation as well as mitigation, must keep in consideration by all if we hope to minimize the adverse effects.

Every action by individuals or any bodies will count towards reducing the inevitable damage from climate change that is yet to come.

The fourth lesson drives us to look at our economical costs and behavioral changes.

Here, there are indeed a couple of positive lessons. Almost all people in an entire country are now ready to change their behavior quite drastically if they have to. It is a hopeful sign going forward.

On the economic front, there has already been a widespread disruption of the global economy. Still, some unintended benefits include a significant reduction in air pollution as well as greenhouse gases.

While such economic disruption is not desirable and we will recover from it soon, it is worth thinking about whether the recovery is possible in a much more eco-friendly manner.

The final lesson has to do with the inevitable economic chaos and recession that is starting to happen already and will get a lot worse before it gets better.

Bangladesh is likely to see significant negative impacts on manufacturing, exports, and possibly even our food production going forward.

Even the worst is yet to come.  Moreover, we must take preparation for the immediate economic downturn as well as think about the future path to recovery once the worst is over.

It applies to the global economy and the silver lining in this Covid-19 pandemic, which is most relevant for tackling climate change.

Equally, it is an opportunity to rebuild the post-pandemic economy as a green one that doesn’t allow the destruction of nature. Let us hope that all global leaders are up to the challenge.

Covid-19 Pandemic and Climate Change

Bangladesh Lube Market Database

1
Lube Market
Bangladesh Lube Market Database

Zulker Naeen, as a profile supervisor of “Bangladesh Lube Market”, gives the current info via an industry-leading paper database.

Any person active in business requires unrelenting expertise as well as information in the type of market understandings.

The special records are a vital argumentation as well as a decision-making resource for suppliers, financiers, and anyone thinking about developments of the expanding lube market.

Moreover, it supplies an in-depth independent assessment of the ended up industrial and also auto lubricating substances market.

Also, it recognizes market chances and challenges for lube providers, additive providers, and also base stock manufacturers.

Existing reporting designs are now out of the ark. Existing reports speak a lot more, provide the least insights. From their articles, it’s unusual to get a real-time photo over the marketplace.

That is why the profile of “Bangladesh Lube Market” frequently argues with the records by the papers.

Here is Zulker Naeen. This identification is neither a specific observer neither an author. Instead, it is a portfolio on Bangladesh Lube Market Database.

This portfolio exclusively releases observant records on this market.

It has actually currently consisted of more than 100 write-ups.

Lately, the successive report determined the growth of “Bangladesh Lube Market” which is a rapid one.

Earlier, this portfolio highlighted the growth of this market.

Its research-oriented facts have actually made it a mouthpiece of this trade for the last four years.

Those who rely on market understandings are interacting with this portfolio.

It has actually functioned as an advocate of a couple of keeps in mind lube brands. With excellent success, it has actually finished with the brand positioning of international brand names.

It thinks that the lube profession is not restricted to business just, it’s a market.

As a watchdog, this profile has actually created the term ‘lubricants racks of Bangladesh’ to release various insights. Presently, a dedicated group is working closely on this principle.

Accordingly, this portfolio solely publishes market understandings, existing market fads, as well as market forecasts naturally.

Likewise, it publishes articles on the automotive industry.

Bangladesh Lube Market Database

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

8
marine ecosystems
Ocean acidification and marine ecosystems

When carbon dioxide combines with seawater, it produces carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the water. And, it is happening for many years and causes uneven ocean ecosystems.

Since the thriving industrial revolution, the betting on fossil fuels has caused an excessive release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. And, it is being absorbed by our earth’s oceans.

In the seawater, chemical reactions occur with carbon dioxide that lowers seawater pH, reduces carbonate concentration, and reduces saturation states of biologically important calcium carbonate materials.

Consequently, the ocean’s chemistry becomes more acidic, carbonate ions face difficultly to form. The carbonate ions are used by marine creatures, for synthesize their calcium carbonate shells and skeletons.

As the pH of the ocean changes, the ocean becomes unconcentrated with these minerals, which affects the creatures to maintain their shells.

Since the growth of industries, the pH balance of ocean waters has dropped by 0.1 pH units, equivalent to a 30% increase of water acidity.

The acidity has never dropped down below 0.6 units since the last 300 million years. This is likely to increase more if we continue to burn fossil fuels frequently.

Ocean acidification and the harsh reality of the marine ecosystem

Ocean acidification may alter the ecosystems of millions of years. It has the influence to contaminate shellfish that humans consume and sicken marine life.

Right now, the ocean is on pace to become 150% more acidic by 2100. And this ocean acidification is an unswerving consequence of human-made carbon emissions.

Humans’ continual release of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere has led to ocean acidification.

This process has to lead to the destruction of many marine ecosystems and the plants. One of the most beautiful occurrences in nature — the coral reefs — are dying.

Coral reefs used to be a massive hub of life and colour underneath the water hosting a plethora of organisms within. Now many are bleached white due to higher water temperatures and have sustained damage to their structure due to increased acidification.

Coral bleaching occurs in which corals lose their colour due to extrinsic factors such as pH (being too acidic) and increasing temperature exposure.

The consequences of ocean acidification are not limited to marine life. We have been inexplicably connected to the ocean, we have utilized it for recreation, transportation, medicine, and most importantly food.

It is estimated, we consume approximately 1.5 billion fish each year. A decline in fish availability could have severe economic and social implications for us.

How can we ensure the reversal of this issue?

A most effective measure to combat this problem is to decrease carbon pollution.

Other solutions have been proposed to slow the acidification process or protect their environments — mainly coral reefs.

Although, these are mostly bandaged solutions unable to recover the situation. Unfortunately, reducing carbon pollution is a challenge because it involves many factors.

Individuals can act their roles to limit their carbon footprint. Reducing your carbon pollution is simple if you unplug the appliances after use.

Many websites may help you to calculate your unique carbon footprint and offer easy solutions to help bring that number down.

The individual effort is not insignificant at all. A collective effort may potentially make a great impact.

It is high time; we work together to reduce pollution or acquire new technologies that can reduce the world’s current carbon footprints.

Ocean acidification and marine ecosystem

Water Acidification and harsh reality of the ocean chemistry

1
Water Acidification
Water Acidification and the harsh reality of the ocean chemistry

Marine life mostly depends on the ocean chemistry staying somewhat constant are coral reefs.

So, these organisms create their life from calcium carbonate and will eventually house other organisms within their anatomy.

Extreme acidification may decrease coral growth by corroding pre-existing coral skeletons; simultaneously slowing the growth of new ones.

Now, the weaker reefs are more vulnerable to corrosion. Besides, larvae that inhabit the coral to reproduce may find the acidification too harmful, preventing them from reaching adulthood.

Other species oysters, mussels, urchins and fish are affected by acidification. Also, this ocean acidification plays a crucial role in the development of an organism’s shells. Which affects their overall lifespan.

These shellfish cause 25% of less development of their shells. It is becoming thinner and brittle. Without their only source of protection, this can make them more vulnerable to the harsh reality of the ocean.

Plankton is the procedure of marine spices and the catalyst of the food chain.

Also, Phytoplankton and zooplankton possess calcium carbonate bodies which eventually leads their species to endanger.

Sea urchins face the faster dissolve of their spiny exoskeletons due to the calcite calcium carbonate chemistry — unlike their aragonite calcium carbonate friends, such as coral and starfish.

Still, the fish are detrimentally affected by the effects of ocean acidification. More explicitly, studies have shown that clownfish lose their hearing in more acidic water. Most importantly, the fish are more vulnerable to predation and communication among the species is hindered.

Ocean acidification may alter the ecosystems of millions of years.

Also, it has the influence to contaminate shellfish that humans consume. Changes are a must to preserve our marine ecosystems to prevent the extinction of wildlife.

Right now, the ocean is on pace to become 150% more acidic by 2100. And this ocean acidification is an unswerving consequence of human-made carbon emissions. Now, it is up to us to take action before large ocean ecosystems are interrupted.

Ocean acidification and disruption of marine ecosystems

Since the thriving industrial revolution, the betting on fossil fuels has caused an excessive release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. And, it is being absorbed by our earth’s oceans.

When carbon dioxide combines with seawater, it produces carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the water. Therefore, it is happening for many years and causes uneven ocean ecosystems.

In the seawater, chemical reactions occur with carbon dioxide that lowers seawater pH. Accordingly, it reduces carbonate concentration and reduces saturation states of biologically important calcium carbonate materials.

Consequently, the ocean’s chemistry becomes more acidic, carbonate ions face difficultly to form. The carbonate ions are used by marine creatures, for synthesize their calcium carbonate shells and skeletons.

As the pH of the ocean changes, the ocean becomes unconcentrated with these minerals, which affects the creatures to maintain their shells.

Water Acidification and harsh reality of the ocean chemistry

Is salt-tolerant rice growing in the ocean by 2021?

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Salt-tolerant rice
Is salt-tolerant rice growing in ocean by 2021

Growing rice in the ocean seems odd. Nevertheless, ocean agriculture is a rising form of food production with real potential.

Unfortunately, less than 1% of fresh water is available for human-purpose, and 70% of that is being used for agriculture worldwide.

Growing demand for food and the rise of the population are pushing researchers to search for new areas where agriculture has never reached there before.

One crop taking to the sea is rice. A company led by two 24-year-old scientists aim to grow salt-tolerant rice and floating ocean farms by 2021. As a part of this project, this team is expected to make small pilot farms by the end of 2020.

Currently, around 7.7 billion people are living on the planet. Also, an expected 2 billion more will join the lines by 2050. So, ensuring enough food for all is important. That is why; some companies are finding solutions to ecological problems, such as sea-level rise, through scientific advancement.

Most of the water used in agriculture is for irrigation, and rice is one of the most water-concentrated crops, also widely consumed grain worldwide.

Around 90% of total rice production is in Asia alone. Around 3.5 billion people rely on rice every day. So, people have long been interested in manipulating rice genes to achieve certain goals.

Manipulating the rice genome is not a new task. The Golden Rice Project started in 1999, was to address the widespread vitamin A deficiency, and causing blindness in many rice staple countries.

Other research into increasing photosynthetic efficiency, drought resistance, and methane reduction of rice is in the works as well, and all require genetic modification.

AgriSea is captivating a new approach to food science.

They want to grow rice in the ocean by using gene-editing, which would intensify the phrase of genes available in rice that control salt-tolerance.

Salt-tolerant rice could be grown in salty ocean water without the use of soil, fertilizer or freshwater.

Also, they have identified the genes that control for salt expulsion, cellular insulation and DNA protection, and are enhancing the expression of those genes.

“Together these genes act in a network, just like they do in nature,” Luke Young, CEO and co-founder of Agrisea said.

“We just encourage them along the pathways that nature has formed in plants that can thrive in a salty environment.” The co-founders explained that they could use repeated selective breeding in rice to get the same result, but gene-editing just speeds up the process.

The first step in the process was to create a portfolio of salt-resistant crops that will eventually grow in floating ocean farms around the world.

AgriSea is already in discussion with major rice-producing countries; Nigeria, China, Vietnam and Bangladesh, as well as New Zealand, the USA, Japan and Chile, to establish these floating ocean farms.

Also, the company plans to have their first small pilot farms in the water by the end of 2020, they expect to have multiple larger pilot farms in the ocean by the end of 2021.

Is salt-tolerant rice growing in the ocean by 2021?

Can coral reefs live climate change and a warming ocean?

3
Coral Reef
Can coral reefs live climate change and a warming ocean

It’s no undisclosed that coral reefs are in danger. Scientists predict that almost all of the earth’s reefs will be endangered by 2050 if existing levels of greenhouse gas emissions remain.

The changes are now happening: Three-quarters of coral reefs are now exposed to man-made problems.

Climate change, definitely, is one of the main crosiers. It makes oceans warmer and more acidic, failing the calcium carbonate that systems a coral’s skeleton.

Temperature variations can cause corals to emit the symbiotic algae that live inside their tissues, where they provide vital nutrients and also give corals their lively hues.

This effect, known as “coral bleaching,” clarifies why unhealthy corals turn a spectral shade of white.

Subsequently, in an ever-warming world, are corals – and the marine ecosystems and coastal communities they support – completely downhearted? Maybe not.

new study of more than 2,500 coral reefs in the Indian and Pacific oceans found that most of the reefs had been damaged by previous mass bleaching events, but not beyond repair.

Another 17% had minimal bleaching between 2014-2017 and were healthy and thriving.

“The good news is that functioning coral reefs still exist, and our study shows that it is not too late to save them,” said Dr Emily Darling, the lead author of the study and the head of the Wildlife Conservation Society’s global coral reef monitoring program.

The study, which appears in the journal “Nature Ecology and Evolution,” was supported in part by Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Vibrant Oceans Initiative.

More than 80 marine scientists contributed to the study and suggested three strategies for managing coral populations.

There needs to be global action to mitigate the effects of climate change, as well as an intervention on a smaller, local scale, according to the study’s authors.

As Dr Georgina Gurney of James Cook University explains, “While coral reef sustainability depends largely on reducing carbon emissions, identifying reefs that are likely to respond – to build the well-being of the millions of people dependent on coral reefs across the globe.”

But sometimes the healthy corals are the ones that could use our protection the most. After all, it’s easier to prevent future harm than it is to deal with the consequences of neglect.

When coral reefs are properly managed and endangered, a square kilometre of the tropical reef can produce 15 tons of seafood per year.

There are financial paybacks at stake, too. According to a White House climate report from last year, the U.S. is likely to lose $140 billion by 2100 as climate change causes destruction on coral reef recreational activities.

But as the Indo-Pacific reef study demonstrates, it doesn’t have to end badly. Decisive global action, coupled with protective measures on a local level, can ensure that corals have a bright and vibrant future in our oceans.

New research warns climate change may devastate nearly all of Earth’s coral reef habitats by 2100.

“Around 70-90% of coral reefs are likely to disappear in the next 20 years because of warming oceans, acidic water, and pollution, said scientists from the University of Hawaii Manoa.

Still, a few ecological activists and coral reef researchers are working closely on the restoration of coral.

Also, they have tried to grow live corals in a lab. Then they put them back into aquatic environments to restore dying reefs.

But these initiatives are not adequate to save Earth’s coral reefs.

The new study made ocean demography that would suit this kind of coral restoration. Factors like acidity, water temperature, human population density and fishing frequency were in consideration while making this demography.

Unfortunately, existing ocean parts where coral reefs live today won’t be healthy by 2045.

Only a few sites will be viable for the restoration of a coral reef by 2100, like portions of Baja California and the Red Sea — even these aren’t suitable territories for reef because they’re close to rivers.

Cleaning up the beaches and battling pollution are praiseworthy. But we need to continue those efforts.

But tackling climate change is really what we need to be advocating for shielding corals.

Can coral reefs live climate change and a warming ocean?

Australia’s fires say investment in innovation is a strategy for Climate

0
Australia's fires
Australia's fires must teach us investment in innovation

Sanders’ radical climate policies are not the quickest way to address climate change, said Bjorn Lomborg, a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.

Australia’s fires must teach us investment in innovation is the most impactful strategy.

Scenes of devastation from Australia’s fires have been heart-breaking. How do we quit this suffering? For several advocates and also politicians like Bernie Sanders, the solution is specific: drastic environment plans. When we take a look at the proof, this basic response falls short.

Australia is the world’s most fire-prone continent, according to 2018 clinical study published in the journal Global Change Biology.

A 2005 research study in the same journal shows that in 1900, 11% of its surface area shed each year. These days, some 5% of the nation burns yearly.

By the end of the century, if we do not stop climate change, higher temperature levels, will likely suggest a 0.7 portion factor increase in charred location,

It is according to the Environmental Research Letters in 2014, a boost from 5.3% of Australia to 6%.

This boost is not trivial, as well as it is an argument for reliable environment adjustment activity.

By far the most impactful, practical policy is a remarkable rise in investment in reduced- and zero-carbon power technology.

That’s because solar and wind power will certainly be neither cheap adequate nor effective adequate to change fossil fuels.

Today, International Energy Agency numbers reveal that solar as well as wind comprise just 1.1% of international energy use, and the IEA estimates that also after we spend $3 trillion even more on aids, they will not reach 5% by 2040.

Technology is required to reduce the price of green energy, with research for Copenhagen Consensus showing environment-friendly research and development to be one of the most cost-effective environment plans.

We need to find developments for batteries, nuclear, carbon capture as well as a myriad of other encouraging technologies. Innovation can address our climate challenge.

Sadly, several reports on Australia’s fires have made use of the carnage to press a particular schedule, hang on three suggestions.

That wildfire is even worse than ever, that this is triggered by international warming. And that the only service is for political leaders to make even bigger carbon cut promises.

Globally, a wildfire burns much less land than it utilized to, according to a 2016 Royal Society research study.

Given that 1900, worldwide burned location has reduced by greater than one-third, as a result of agriculture, fire reductions and also woodland monitoring. In the satellite age, both NASA and other groups document significant reductions.

What Satellite reveals

Surprisingly, this reduction is even real for Australia. Satellites reveal that from 1997-2018 the burned location decreased by one-third. Australia’s current fire period has seen much less area melted than previous years.

The Guardian newspaper reports that approximately, a wildfire burned 19.4 million hectares in Australia. It was about half the ordinary burn over the comparable period of 37 million hectares in the satellite document.

When the media recommends Australia’s, fires are “extraordinary in range,” they are incorrect.

Australia’s scorched location decreased by more than a third 1900-2000 and has decreased over the satellite duration.

This fire period at the time of writing, 2.5% of Australia’s area has burned contrasted to the last 10 years’ 4.8% average by this point.

What is various this year is that fires have actually mainly been in New South Wales and also Victoria. These are very important states with a little bit more than half the country’s population.

Since the peer-reviewed quotes published in Environmental Research Letters in 2014, Australia’s fire see a long-lasting increase in burned location.

Yet these quotes reveal the impact of climate change does not enhance Australia’s burned area until the 2030s or 2040s.

Scientists suggest it’s not feasible to discover a link in between global warming and also fire for Australia today.

A boost will just come to be obvious in the 2040s. The pictures originating from Australia are surprising, yet pictures ought to not defeat science.

Across the Tasman Sea, New Zealand is intending to attain carbon non-partisanship by 2050.

New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, shows it will cost 16% of the country’s yearly economic situation.

It will just lower temperatures by four-thousands of a degree by 2100.

Reproduce those costs throughout Australian states and all over the world; taxpayers are just not going to hold up against that sort of discomfort, regardless of the purpose.

The world’s poor nations are never going to be able to afford to follow up. The prices alone make this remedy to climate adjustment wishful thinking.

This feeble, problematic action is pathetic. We require to invest much more resources on eco-friendly power R&D to create medium-term remedies to climate change.

As well as we need to concentrate on the numerous straightforward procedures that would assist now.

Wildfire researchers have consistently told us that forest gas degrees maintain enhancing, making extreme bushfires much more most likely.

Managed burns cheaply and properly lower high-intensity wildfires.

Various other practical policies include much better building codes, mechanical thinning, much safer power lines. These also include minimizing the potential for spread of lightning-caused wildfires campaigns to reduce deliberate ignitions.

The caring, efficient feedback to Australia’s catastrophe is to concentrate on the plans that could assist.

Bjorn Lomborg is president of the Copenhagen Consensus, also a visiting professor at the Copenhagen Business School.

Australia's fires say investment in innovation is a strategy for Climate

Climate change could destroy all of Earth’s coral reefs by 2100

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Coral Reef
climate change could devastate nearly all of Earth's coral reef habitats by 2100

New research says climate change could devastate nearly all of Earth’s coral reef habitats by 2100.

Among the existing, around 70-90% of coral reefs are likely to disappear in the next 20 years because of warming oceans, acidic water, and pollution, said scientists from the University of Hawaii Manoa.

They made their findings public on last Monday at an ocean sciences conference.

A few ecological activists and coral reef researchers have been working closely on the restoration of coral. They tried to grow live corals in a lab, and then put them back into aquatic environments to restore dying reefs.

But the researchers warned, this may not be adequate to save Earth’s coral reefs.

The new study made cluster on the ocean areas that would be best suited to this type of coral restoration. They also took into consideration factors like acidity, water temperature, human population density and fishing frequency.

After investigating the world’s oceans, they reached a serious remark: “By 2100, few to zero suitable coral habitats will remain.”

Unfortunately, existing ocean parts where coral reefs live today won’t be healthy by 2045. And, the circumstance of these environments is only likely to get worse by 2100, according to the team’s simulations.

Only a few sites will be viable for the restoration of a coral reef by 2100, like portions of Baja California and the Red Sea — even these aren’t suitable territories for reef because they’re close to rivers.

The researchers warned that human-made climate change was the big killer, a small part of the larger threat.

“Cleaning up the beaches and battling pollution are praiseworthy. But, we need to continue those efforts,” Setter said in that release.

“But tackling climate change is really what we need to be advocating for shielding corals.”

Coral reef die-off

Earlier, scientists warned that the world’s reefs are heading for “massive death”  as ocean warming and acidification destroy entire swaths of reefs.

The Great Barrier Reef is a case for a large scale of “bleaching” events by above-average water temperatures in the last two decades.

Then, a drastic marine heatwave in 2016 and 2017 has destroyed about half of the corals on the Great Barrier Reef.

The Great Barrier Reef is such habitat for a diverse range of marine life. 

Moreover, the extinction could cause ecological collapse as third of all sea species depend on reefs, experts warn.

Also, coral reefs protect the shorelines and coastal infrastructure.

In recent years, activists are in the quest of saving the reefs. Almost nothing will be unless we take drastic action on climate change.

Climate change could destroy all of Earth's coral reefs by 2100

A fertilizer to fuel maritime ships may grasp carbon footprints.

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maritime ship
Fertilizer to fuel maritime ships may grasp carbon footprints.

Maritime ships could use Ammonia as a fuel to reduce emissions.

The maritime shipping industry is to grasp its carbon footprint, as it has a massive contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. It also dumps chemicals into open seas. Already, the global shipping industry contributes about 2% of global carbon emissions, as the BBC reported.

As a clean-up act, the industry is trying to stop burning diesel. As a possible fuel source, ammonia can make the shipping industry carbon emission-free.

We know, ammonia – the key ingredient of fertilisers – can be used in ships’ engines rather than burning diesel.

The industry expects ammonia will help a lot to tackle climate change, as it burns without CO2 emissions.

A report says, the making of the ammonia itself produces extensive CO2, but technology can solve this problem.

Manufacturing ammonia is also a major source of carbon. According to a report by the Royal Society, the manufacture of ammonia currently creates 1.8% of global CO2 emissions – a significant the most of any chemical industry.

However, the report says new technology can create zero-carbon ammonia. A possible way is by trapping the CO2 emissions when ammonia is manufactured and burying the CO2 in underground rocks.

Another way of making alleged “green” ammonia is to use renewable energy which doesn’t create any CO2.

But it is a big concern whether adequate clean energy is obtainable to create ammonia at scale soon.

Does ammonia power ships?

Man Energy Solutions, an engine designer, is making a two-stroke ammonia-powered engine. It will be ready by 2024.

The firm’s spokesman, Peter Kirkeby, said: “We get a very big interest in ammonia as an alternative fuel from the market – even though there are challenges.”

Also, he expected ammonia to match the price of other alternative fuels.

However, the ships powered by greener fuels may take more valuable space for fuel storage. Then It will be too bulky to fuel maritime ships.

However, there are still caveats. For example, ammonia does not burn as efficiently as diesel. It also creates nitrogen oxides, which are greenhouse gasses. However, the Royal Society report is optimistic that technology will address those problems, according to the BBC.

But the success remains challenging. Burning ammonia may not crate CO2, but it does generate nitrogen oxides. These are greenhouse gases too.

So, the technology requires to solve this issue to deal with this.

Thinking on ammonia?

The Royal Society’s lead author, Prof Bill David, reported: “Ammonia is the only zero-carbon fuel that will get you across the oceans.”

“We are going to install fuel cell modules with a total power of 2 MW onboard Viking Energy in 2024,” he added. “Hopefully, it will turn this vessel into the world’s first emission-free supply vessel.”

But he warned: “In terms of industrial emissions, ammonia derives only after cement and steel, so it requires to decarbonise the manufacture of ammonia.”

The UN shipping body, the IMO, has a target of splitting emissions from international shipping by 2050 compared with 2008.

A group of major maritime carriage owners says $2 should be taxed on every tonne of ships’ fuel to backing research into clean engines.

Recently, the European Union awarded just over $11 million to a project to make maritime shipping a bit greener.

As a concern, environmentalists have consistently complained against the shipping industry regarding its emissions. Shortly, they want to reduce the amount of shipping overall and impose slower cruising speeds to save fuel.

A fertilizer to fuel maritime ships may grasp carbon footprints.

What is Plan-B for the resilience in the face of climate change?

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Climate Change
What is Plan-B for the resilience in the face of climate change?

Planners and coordinators talk more about resilience in the face of climate change. But 300 million people require no such techniques featuring a large “if.”. They desperately need different R-word that secures their future.

It is along with a hundred-year flooding, record-breaking melting of glaciers, wildfires and drought. The tales appear with numbing regularity. And though the details vary, they all point to the same grim final thought.

We’re falling short to deal with environment modification. With carbon discharges continuing to rise, what was as soon as rejected as worst-case situations currently look like the most effective, we can hope for?

If Strategy A was to prevent, or at the very least minimize, the most serious effects of environmental change, what’s Plan B?

In our Plan-A world, architecture and preparation have become concentrated on the idea of “resistant” design. However, continuing to speak about “Resilience “in the face of ever-worsening forecasts is its very own kind of environment denial. It’s time for coordinators to begin changing the R-word of the minute with a now not-so-unthinkable one.

No more hide and secret.

According to a recent paper in a scientific journal, Nature Communications, a few of the earlier estimates of populace variation from the sea-level rise are possibly way as well low.

Around the world, as opposed to some 50 million people may require to relocate to higher ground over the next thirty years. The oceans are possible to climb more than our forecast. Also, the variety of environment refugees might surpass 300 million. Certainly, sea-level increase looks likely to reach in yards and also meters, not inches or feet.

Where will all of these displaced people go?

Can they are ready to relocate in existing cities, communities as well as villages? Which cities will we defend? Which will we surrender? Who will choose? These are extraordinary layout and also preparation difficulties that our society hasn’t started to consider, let alone prepare for. Provided the progressively alarming overview, our company believes it is time to begin.

Over the last few years, we’ve seen countless climate-resiliency plans including bioswales, rainfall yards, retention ponds, planet berms, dams, sea-wall obstacles, also oyster beds.

All of these techniques are useful, but they feature a large “if.” They will certainly assist protect our seaside cities if we additionally reduced our carbon discharges in time to alleviate also worse effects of environment adjustment.

But for the welfare of future generations, we require to truthfully examine the risks ahead as well as strategy properly. Coordinators are anticipated to operate within numerous periods, and also the challenge today is even trickier.

Political fight to control the bet on fossil fuels.

We should continue to wage the political fight to control and eventually eliminate fossil fuels.

Moving existing cities, retrofitting old ones for explosive development, creating brand-new negotiations and reducing thousands of miles of contaminated shorelines will be pricey and complex. Also, if correctly planned, this will certainly be a messy and even brutal process. Probably, it will descend right into turmoil right out of the scientific method.

However, it was nothing in comparison to the real-time difficulties encountering coastal communities and the cities in the years ahead.

Similarly, our issues are not only the sea-level rise.

Many locations inland will see water end up being significantly. It will place enormous stress and anxiety on negotiation patterns and also farming. Mass movements will unavoidably become a part of our children’s and also grandchildren’s futures.

Unfortunately, few of our political leaders will “go there” yet, because their preparation for the future expands specifically regarding the next election. It’s time for planners and coordinators to seem the alarm system. It is time, to put it simply, to obtain genuinely.

The irony is that as we dawdle, energy, and also insurance provider, along with the Pentagon, are looking to encounter what’s coming. In the real world, that’s a danger administration. And, many cities are taking the procedure of durable preparation. It is time for them to join with states as well as regions, along with the private side of the central government.

A swamped shoreline is not only a national security issue. It’s not simply an actuarial challenge for the insurance industry. It’s our future, as well as it’s upon us.

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What is Plan-B for the resilience in the face of climate change?

Hydroelectric dams affect the temperature of river water

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Hydroelectric
Hydroelectric dams affect the temperature of river water

Hydroelectric dams use river flow to turn a series of turbines to generate electricity. It is a source of renewable energy that doesn’t depend on fossil fuels. However, it disrupts the flow of rivers, and impact the wildlife habitat, agricultural land, and scenic lands there.

Not all wildlife impacts associated with dams can be directly attributed to hydroelectric power. However, hydroelectric facilities can still have a major impact on aquatic ecosystems.

However, large-scale hydroelectric dams continue to built in many parts of the world. In the United States, there are about 80,000 dams of which only 2,400 produce power. The other dams are for recreation, stock/farm ponds, flood control, water supply, and irrigation.

Installation and dismantling of hydroelectric power plants cause global warming.

Nonetheless, global warming emits during the installation and dismantling of hydroelectric power plants. However, current estimates suggest that life-cycle emissions of hydroelectric power plants can be over 0.5 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour.

Scientists are monitoring the environmental consequences of hydroelectric dams to know the effect on a river’s temperature.
Recently, a team of researchers at the University of Washington has published their study on how several hydroelectric dams affected the temperature of Southeast Asia’s three major rivers.

Use of satellite data to track changes in surface water temperature

The researchers used Landsat satellites to track changes in surface water temperature for the Sekong, Sesan and Srepok rivers. The satellites capture the heat, or infrared radiation, from the rivers.

The Sekong, Sesan and Srepok rivers combine into one river, which eventually enters the Mekong River, a central feature of the Southeast Asian ecosystem. People rely on these rivers for fish and irrigation mostly.

Using 30 years of satellite data, the team discovered that within one year of the opening of a major dam, downstream river temperatures during the dry season dropped by up to 2 degrees centigrade.

The cooling kept on where these three rivers meet the Mekong River, showed a 0.8 centigrade cooling most.

Researchers’ Opinion

“People are seeing a cooling effect after the installation of the hydroelectric dam 20 years ago. But what we see in the Mekong is really amazing’” said senior author Faisal Hossain. He is a civil and environmental engineering professor at the University of Washington.

“Lots of dams were just suddenly coming on, left and right. And now we can see this cooling effect that is no longer restricted but continuing into the river system. It is the best of our knowledge.”

The team investigated whether anything else might be driving these temperature drops, such as air temperature, precipitation or land use in the surrounding region.

Remarkably, the air temperature showed a slight warming trend. The land around the rivers causes deforestation during that period. But researchers said that is often linked to water warming, not cooling. That points to the role of these dams.

The team found that this infusion once warmed the Mekong so that the river was, at most, 0.4-degree centigrade warmer downstream of the confluence than it was upstream.

But after 2001, the trend reversed, with the rivers now slightly cooling the Mekong River. The river is now up to 0.8-degree centigrade cooler — not warmer — downstream of the confluence.

The cooler water could have an effect on the fish that live downstream, the researchers said.

Lead author Matthew Bonnema, a postdoctoral researcher at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said, “New dams are building closer to the Mekong. These are also big dams. It means the impacts on the Mekong will likely be more significant. These temperature changes are going to get more dramatic.”

Limitations of this study

Using satellite data to monitor river temperature has a caution: clouds block the satellites’ view of the Earth.

So, the team could only monitor changes during the region’s dry season. Still, the researchers were able to detect decreases in river temperature within a year after major dams on all three rivers came online.

The team has used the Reservoir Assessment Tool. This is the world’s first publicly available global reservoir-monitoring system that processes massive amounts of data from satellites for more than 1,500 dams around the world.

Hydroelectric dams affect the temperature of river water

Health decline of Sundari trees in Sundarbans

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Mangroves
Health decline of Sundarbans mangroves

Sundari tree, the most common mangrove species in the Sundarbans, is becoming unhealthy gradually.

However, there is no significant decline in the number of mangroves in the Sundarbans for the last 30 years. However, there is evidence of a 25% health decline of the mangrove trees.

And, it is due to the effect of increased salinity on Sundari tree. But the continuing effects of climate change could critically hamper its ability to reborn.

About this Study.

A satellite-based data-driven study on world’s mangrove system brought new findings says that the dreadful effects of climate change could severely hamper the growths of Sundari tree.

Most significantly, the ‘top-dying disease’ is the reason for declining 15% of trees in the Sundarbans since the 80s.

Around 1.44 million cubic meters of Sundari trees have been lost to “top-dying disease in the last 30 years,” experts said.

Top-dying disease among the Sundari, heart-rot disease among the Pashur, and die-back disease in the Kewara, are behind the trees’ rapid decline.

The expert said, the increases of saline water are the key reason, and this is happening in the Sundarbans.

Unfavourably, the Sundari tree is less tolerant of high salinity levels than other mangrove species and has previously been identified as suffering from die-back due to rising salinity.

Meanwhile, this recent study did not find any noteworthy decrease in the number of mangroves in Sundarbans last 30 years.

“However, there is evidence of a decline in the health of about 25% of the mangrove trees,” said study author Katie Awty-Carroll of Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales.

Awty-Carroll and his team observed a long 30-year time series of Landsat data of the entire Sundarbans.

However, it is hard to know the proper explanations behind this decline in mangrove health, the scientists think the long-term decline in mangrove health may be linked to the impacts of increased salinity on the Sundari tree.

Accordingly, the analysis shows if 25% of the forest is getting less healthy, those areas will be at greater risk of decline in the future, especially if extreme events such as cyclones become more common,” Awty-Carroll said.

Also, rising sea levels are increasing salinity, with adverse effects on the damage from severe cyclones, means that the defensive capacity of the Sundarbans could be reduced in future years.

This study also explored the damage of Sidr, which made landfall in Bangladesh in November 2007.

“We estimate that around 11% of the Sundarbans forest was damaged by Sidr, which is lower than other estimates,” said Awty-Carroll.

Moreover, they claimed that this study is the only one which looks at damage over the whole of the Sundarbans region immediately after the cyclone’s landfall.

Meanwhile, this study also revealed that the effects of Sidr were still apparent more than 10 years after the cyclone made landfall.

Accordingly, this suggests that major cyclones could decrease the health of the mangroves for a long.

However, the main limitation of the study is the absence of on-the-ground measurements to compare the satellite observations. Despite having sufficient data, we have to be cautious in interpreting our results.

Andy Large, a field-based physical geographer with Newcastle University, echoed with this report.

We also know, Climate change has to lead to an increase in the salinity of the water and soil of the Sundarbans— which is another reason for the rapid decline in the number of Mangrove Spices.

According to experts, the change in the quantities of saline and uneven cyclone causes harm to mangrove forests.

Earlier, noted water expert Ainun Nishat said, “Sundari trees have been dying due to the adverse effects of the Farakka and a lack of sweet water.”

Earlier, it was a finding of 30ppm of salinity in the water—which declines the disease-prevention capacity of the trees.

Health decline of Sundari trees in Sundarbans

China’s praiseworthy environmental policy: From Governance Perspective

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China Administration
China’s praiseworthy environmental policy

There was more substantial criticism about the Chinese environmental policy and also its uneven track of development. In terms of quality, China has experienced negative consequences in its air and groundwater. But today, facts have started to change under the administration of Xi Jinping.

Apparently, China is changing its standard way of advancement where the environment is apriority. Additionally, the environment is a thing to be regulated; otherwise, it would undoubtedly see a misfortune created fierce human-caused activities.

Xi Jinping’s administration brought some radical changes in environmental issues. Moreover, the Chinese corporate, as well as civil society, are equally determined to erase the image of environmental austere.

Also, China has participated in multilateral arrangements at a worldwide degree on greenhouse gas to control emission.

Particularly, China is now the leading force to generate renewable energy by installing large solar plants and also the largest producer of wind power.

Already, China has built 680000 electrical vehicles, buses, and vehicles surpassing overall globe manufacturing over the last few years.

We better know Donald Trump has pulled the USA of Paris Climate Accord where China stays with it. Different neighbourhood and foreign companies are currently praising Chinese shuffle to an environmental plan. Especially adjustments in its administration are eye staking.

A changing landscape of stars

With the leadership of Xi Jinping, different actors have arisen while a few have pulled away from environmental monitoring affairs at the domestic level.

Players make up both standard and also non-conventional, including judges, district attorneys, environmental NGOs, and even Chinese residents too.

The suggestion of environmental justice in China is the outcome of it.

Recent empowerment of regional tax bureaus to collect taxes connected to ecological air pollution and Environmental Police have a fantastic repercussion to execute Chinese environmental policy.

New environmental tax obligation was ushered in recently, which makes it harder for polluters to pollute and dump. It works as a preventative guard towards unhygienic production.

Previously, the Environmental Protection Bureaus (EPBs) was in charge of accumulating environmental tax obligations, and now regional tax obligation bureaus are equipped to gather taxes more sophistically.

On the other hand, environmental police was a single payment of china starting from Kunming in 2008 to dozens of cities currently in 2019. This particular police force patrols around cities to find and also stop air pollution and dumping.

Moreover, China is making use of the Chinese communist party hierarchy to develop governance.

One river, One Chief system, encourages rural leaders to keep water quality of streams. They can approach to polluting sectors without governmental muddling and do something about it promptly.

Another improvement of the Chinese environmental plan is dismantling the Ministry of Environmental Protection with a new full incorporating the Ministry of Ecology and also Environment.

This radical reformation is aimed to create a more coherent ecological policy. Though all these advancements are yet to bring potentiality to deal with negative climate adjustment.

Difficult laws, as well as projects: a brand-new position in China

Equally, together with administrated reform, China is improving in the field of environmental law and also ad-hoc campaigns. So, it has presented a couple of legislations and devices to deal with ecological adjustment.

And, the state council’s introduction to “Regulations on open federal government details” in 2007 has taken to take care of information disclosure regarding pollutions. However, different technological measurements of air and water quality index are noteworthy in current growth.

China, as an authoritarian state, heavily counts on the carrot as well as stick policy to handle ecological mismanagement. Revised setting defence legislation in 2014 leads a brand-new era in China.

Now, authorities can charge polluters as they desire to impose without any ceiling. Also, this legislation held government authorities accountable if they fall short to bill polluters.

Virtually 10,000 polluters consisting of government officials were punished under this regulation in 2016-17, where few were placed in jail.

Moreover, the Communist Party is now giving rewards to neighbourhood leaders and officials to fight versus contamination. However, over-focus on compensation pressure is extensively slammed.

Already, China has created action-based projects to obtain a quick outcome. Generally, the Chinese Communist Party’s leaders activate the substantial number of programs to take immediate activity against contaminating business.

Also, they could cut off the power connection or gas service to destroy polluters’ residences. It likewise has negative results, however, quite reliable.

Finally, you may take a look at China’s usage of technology in environmental administration. Also, the use of technical means like GPS, GIS, or remote sensing offers an actual-time details exchange. Now, corresponding authorities can evaluate, report on, and also action to contamination as well as tree coverage area.

Currently, drones are using to discover waste dischargers. Additionally, China uses large information to predict the ecological situation.

Undoubtedly, Xi Jinping’s administration is juncture. Primarily, China is not walking on a sceptic vision of climate change. Chinese sentiment of denial of the environmental worry is not still pertinent.

At this moment, a top priority of development ought to not go beyond environmental price. Individuals, as well as event, does rule out climate change as a hoax as referred by Trump.

It would be a great learning for Bangladesh that we ought to not secure to Chinese old-growth version sooner learns from new environmental steps stabilizing financial growth. In the end, we will need to stay on this earth, breathe within its ambience.

China’s praiseworthy environmental policy: From Governance Perspective

Saltwater intrusion, Changing Climate, affects coastal Bangladesh

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Climate Change
Saltwater intrusion, Changing Climate Scenario, affects coastal Bangladesh.

Climate change is a crucial reason to increase river salinity leading to shortages of drinking water and irrigation. It is bringing a significant difference in the aquatic ecosystems in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.

In the coastal areas of Bangladesh, salinity intrusion in soil may lead to a declining yield by 15.6% of high-harvesting-variety rice and reduce the income of farmers significantly.

In the backdrop of climate change, we know, the coastal population is more exposed to saltwater intrusion. These populations on the “front line” of climate change because of the continued sea-level rise beyond 2100, even if greenhouse gas emissions remain stable today. 

Therefore, Bangladesh must understand the potential impacts and begin planning to cope with them.

However, most research has focused on the long-run effects of the sea level rise and associated losses from heightened cyclone-induced surges. 

So, we need to investigate the level of amplified salinity from saltwater intrusion, and its impact on livelihoods and adaptation alternatives.

To look more closely at the impacts of climate change on saltwater intrusion, the World Bank researched on the coastal region of Bangladesh. 

Already, they found the coastal area is facing problems from salinization. And, the situation is deteriorating.

River salinity in coastal areas.

Climate change causes substantial changes in river salinity. Accordingly, It leads to the crisis of drinking water as well as the shortage of irrigation water. 

Shortly, the changes in river salinity will adversely affect the productivity of many capture fisheries. Negatively, it will affect the wild habitats of freshwater fish and giant prawns. 

The health of Mangrove trees is declining.

A new study says the health of mangrove trees of the Sundarbans has significantly declined over the last 30 years due to salinity increase. 

Consequently, the decline in health could critically hamper the ability to spring back. It makes it prone to unexpected climate-related hazards.

Also, the salinity increase in the water may induce a shift in the Sunderbans mangrove forest from Sundari to Gewa and Guran. 

Accordingly, Bagerhat, Barguna, Barisal, Bhola, Khulna, Jhalokati, Pirojpur, and Satkhira districts will be most adversely affected.

Climate Change, Soil Salinity in Coastal Bangladesh

Soon, the salinity level in the soil will surge in many areas of Barisal, Chittagong, and Khulna districts significantly. A study on the soil of the coastal regions of Bangladesh, the Soil Research Development Institute projects a median increase of 26% in salinity by 2050, with increases over 55% in the most affected areas.

Impacts on rice production due to climate change.

Accordingly, the climate-induced soil salinity is impacting on the output of high-harvesting-variety rice. As a result, the rice harvest is likely to decline by 15.6% in nine coastal unions, where the soil salinity will exceed around four decisions per meter by 2050. 

Now, the farmers are earning less from rice production in several regions, along with the losses of 10.5% Barisal and 7.5 in Chittagong, earlier. 

Consequently, many unions are suffering from significant yield losses and substantial price reductions from rising salinity. 

Livelihoods are in threat in a changing climate.

Already, the salinity has switched the household status to the most harmful levels from their least harmful. The poverty impact is striking one: the probability that the economic situation of a coastal household is in the bottom 20% rises six-fold, from 8% to 56%.

Therefore, the Bangladesh government is trying to cope up with the adverse effects of a changing climate. As we know, the country is one of the frontiers which is affected by climate change.

Saltwater intrusion, Changing Climate, affects coastal Bangladesh

Custom-made furniture in Bangladesh may surprise you

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Custom Furniture
Erina Custom-made Furniture

We are a custom-made furniture designer. Our furniture ranges from a single-seater sofa to giant Almirah. We make bedding, sofa set, dining tables and chairs, wall units, display units, bookcases, coffee tables, TV units, and more.

At Erina, we understand that you need something unique, a little bit different. Something new that has a distinct style, flair, colour, and design.

We are the pioneer in making custom-made furniture in the town. We exclusively provide furniture design services to make your exclusive furniture.

You can easily decide what you want with your custom-made furniture.

We make your furniture according to your specifications, including sizing, choice of timber, colour, and design.

To get a furniture design service, invite our furniture designers to get a free measure.

A custom made furniture specialist service.

You can either contact us via email, phone, or fill in the contact form below and we will get back to you as soon as we can.

Feel free to drop by our showroom to have a browse. You can also speak to one of our experienced furniture designers about any ideas you may have.

The story behind custom-made furniture design

Erina is a Bangladeshi owned and operated company established in 2020.

The furniture designer has been manufacturing and designing beautiful timber furniture in Bangladesh since 1995. His team has more than ten years’ experience in custom-made, quality timber furniture.

Erina specializes in custom-made furniture using quality timber. At Erina, you will find modern, classic, and traditional designs for all areas of your home, including lounge, TV unit, coffee table, dining table, chair, sideboard, display unit, bedding, office furniture, and giftware.

Live on the coast in style and comfort!

At Erina, you can choose from a range of different timbers, colours, and designs to suit your tastes and home décor.

We understand every customer’s needs are unique. So, our furniture designers work closely with your interior designer to measure the perfect piece for your living space.

On appointment, our furniture designers visit your home to discuss your ideas and study its décor and design.

We use both imported and local timber available in our country.

So, get our specialist to design a unique piece of furniture to suit what you need. If you’d prefer, Erina Furniture also offers a home measure and quote service.

Custom- made lounges and chairs

We can make any lounge you want — even any design with an extensive range of fabrics and leathers. Do you need a three-seater instead of two? You may prefer a red leather lounge instead of black. No worries, we can make it exactly the way you want it.

Custom Made Wall Units

We are best in designing furniture and making custom-made wall units. You can choose from a natural timber finish, or have it painted in a colour of your choice.

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Salinity intrusion in the coastal belt of Bangladesh

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Salt water intrusion
Salinity intrusion in coastal belt of Bangladesh

As sea levels rise and the fierce cyclones, the salinity intrusion into coastal areas, impacting the lives of millions of residents of Bangladesh.

Around 35 million people are living on the edge of a climate catastrophe, at the coastal belt of the Bay of Bengal.

We often spoke about the immediate impacts of storms and tidal upsurges. But we hear less about the resulting salinity increase and its long-term consequences. Each time saltwater from the sea contaminates farms and water sources when a tidal surge sweeps the inland.  Along with drastic economic effects, as its consequences, worsening of crop yields, malnutrition, and diseases are significant concerns.

Nearly 98% of freshwater reservoirs and ecosystem is lost.

As consequences, high and long-term salinity exposure has deteriorated the coastal lifestyle, and acute health crises emerged while sub-surface and surface water is contaminated by salinity intrusion in the coastal area. Approximately 98% of freshwater reservoirs and ecosystems were abolished, and it has created potable water scarcities.

The salinity gradients in groundwater increased several-fold over previous decades. A significant change is observed in the salinity of the groundwater aquifer over the last ten years. The salt content is at its highest level during the summer season. 

45% of people drink pond water without taking any disinfection measures.

Here, life is so miserable when access to fresh drinking water. That is why local people can’t regularly drink enough water to meet their bodies ‘ demands owing to severe drinking water shortages.

Unfortunately, the average potable water collection time takes around four hours a day. Moreover, around 45% of people use pond water for drinking without taking any disinfection measures. However, it is hardly found the number of households used to drink pond water after boiling it. Very few people use water from desalination plants during emergency periods to fulfil their needs.

Not enough money to get treatment for their disease.

The regional water crisis cause residents suffering from high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases, a high prevalence of kidney diseases, skin diseases, and diarrhoea.

Thus, more than 95% of residents do not get proper treatment because of high treatment costs and lack of medical support at the community level. They only receive some medical support only during the immediate aftermath of devastating disasters.

First food, then treatment.

Despite having no adequate money to meet the regular household needs, their average health treatment cost has increased by around 24%. So, most low-income people try to ignore their health diseases. It leads to a thought process of “first food, then treatment.”

Why integrated policy measures?

Over the last few decades, local peoples are highly exposed to drinking water salinity. So, a severe water crisis turns into a coastal public health crisis.

Within the disaster-affected economy, health expenditure is one of the most influential factors. That can increase population migration considering coastal environmental hazards.

So, integrated policy measures can secure coastal communities facing coastal disasters. Now, we should identify social perceptions regarding the high salinity intrusion.

How can we reduce its impact? What are the best social actions between government and non-government organizations regarding the salinity intrusion?

Also, it requires regular health check-ups to measure the impact of potable water access and salt intake and to monitor health diseases.

Study area

To understand the level of salt intrusion, this study was carried out in the Shyamnagar sub-district in the Satkhira district of Bangladesh. The five unions are Atulia, Burigoaliny, Gabura, Munshigonj, and Padmapukur. Those unions are highly vulnerable to cyclonic storm surges, waterlogging, and flooding hazards.

Reference:

Khan, R. (2020). COP25: The case for a sincere investment in loss and damage. Dhaka: The Daily Star.

Rakib, M., Sasaki, J., Matsuda, H., & Fukunaga, M. (2019). Severe salinity contamination in drinking water and associated human health hazards increase migration risk in the southwestern coastal part of Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Management, 238-248.

Portfolio of a brand identity designer

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Brand Identity
Portfolio of a Brand Identity Designer

Zulker Naeen is a promising brand designer and created identities for rising companies. He works with businesses that require compact brand designing.

Also, Zulker Naeen is thought behind the brand. He works with emerging businesses that require a brand to reach the next level.

Now, it is a question. Is he a promising brand designer? If so, how he is?

His focus is on visual identity, messaging, and strategies that make a brand trademark.

He is the graphic designer that you are looking for. We could be a good match if:

You are an entrepreneur going to launch a new business, and you need a branding that’s inspiring to investors and customers.

Your organization is successful for many years, but the corporate identity doesn’t reflect your company.

You’ve tried working with other freelance graphic designers, but it was a struggle to arrive at a good result you want. Too many rounds of revisions couldn’t ensure a good output, and it wasn’t a good return for your money.

You’re a manufacturer looking for a fresh outlook to set your products apart.

What’s the difference between a big agency and Zulker Naeen?

Maybe you need a full-service agency. For branding projects require many diverse skills sets and specialities, consider enlisting an agency. A larger budget is also required to cover an agency’s greater overhead.

In general, the more risk an organization faces if they get the wrong branding. For you, this might be overkill.

Zulker Naeen serves small to medium-sized businesses who need big-picture thinking to shape their graphic design.

In other words, let’s look not only at your tree but the forest where it’s growing. He values working efficiently. He makes your investment creating an immediate impact.

But branding is more than design and interfacing: It’s how your future or current customers “feel” about you.

So far, Zulker Naeen is one of the most sought-after brand strategists and designers in Bangladesh. He has re-branded serves small to medium-sized businesses and has a long list of clients.

Also, his approach and outspoken style have made him the “thought behind the brand” for a variety of start-ups, entertainment projects, and consumer packaged goods and services.

Zulker is also dedicated to the empowerment of young designers.

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Achieving the world’s ‘first solar nation’ in vain

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Renewable Energy
Achieving the world’s ‘first solar nation’ in vain

Bangladesh is neither prioritising the extension of solar energy nor trying to achieve the goal of being the world’s ‘first solar nation’. Because the government is trying to ensure electricity for all by March 2021. So, nothing is going to remain off-gird.

Consequently, the growth of solar energy installation is not significant in the last two years. So, the quest for the cleaner electricity fell in the electricity connections in off-grid areas by public agencies.

According to the Sustainable & Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA), the solar energy installation system dropped by 19% year-on-year to 43.25-megawatt last year.

This was the second consecutive year that the solar energy drive slowed down since the year 2017. Then it was 57.75 megawatt.

“As entire Bangladesh is coming under 100% electrification, nothing is going to remain off-gird,” said (SREDA) Chairman Md Helal Uddin.

The solar home system stands at around 60 lakhs now. But, it fails to keep its momentum for the growing electricity connection.

Now more than 95% of the population has access to electricity.

The off-grid power solution got popularity in 2003 using the stand-alone photovoltaic systems, as the solar home systems.

By the end of 2017, the country installed 5.2 million solar-home systems. That offer a cost-effective mode of supplying power to remote off-grid households.

In 2018, Bangladesh was the second-highest user of solar home systems now after India.

SREDA and Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) are public agencies to monitor the solar home system program.

Earlier, it was a government plan. The renewable sources should provide about 10% of the total power generation capacity by 2021. So, it means 2400MW power generation is from renewable sources.

So far, the policy of the off-grid solar could not ignite hope of achieving projected government target.

In Bangladesh, the solar power industry is yet to stand on its feet.

However, the success of the off-grid is not an actual one until our solar system is not turning into a reality.

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Achieving the world’s ‘first solar nation’ in vain

Achieving SDGs through Digital Technology

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Sustainable Development
Achieving SDGs through Digital Technology

It was a comprehensive session the Digital Bangladesh Mela 2020 where country’s policymaker associated with Sustainable Development Goals and ICT took participation.

Country’s former coordinator of Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) Md. Abul Kalam Azad was the keynote speaker of this session.

He has shared his opinion of how Bangladesh is being prepared to meet the SDGs by the year 2030.

His discussion topics were on the country’s service innovation, public and private services, capacity development, and SDG Trackers.

His presentation was on how our ICT ministry is closely working with around 39 basics identified by the government to meet the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The theme, ‘Leaving no one behind’, a committee for development policy addressed multiple dimensions of the SDGs also highlighted. 

‘Country’s ICT activities enabled us to lead Bangladesh Civil Service in Administrative reform of reducing time, cost and visit (TCV) while providing service to the citizens,’ he said while discussing on SDG trackers.

He also said, ’ICT has brought several administrative reforms including the Annual Performance Appraisal (APA) system in Bangladesh Civil Service.’

‘Soon we are going to declare Country’s Vision 2100 thanks to the strong leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina,’ he said.

He also addressed that our country is being fully prepared for the 4th state industrial revolution.

Mr Abul Kalam Azad successfully led the SDG planning and implementation from Prime Minister’s Office of Bangladesh.

The Digital Bangladesh Mela 2020 is intended to showcase next-generation 5G internet technology and building an efficient ecosystem for the coming digital era led by the fourth state industrial revolution.

Mustafa Jabbar, Minister of Posts, Telecommunication, and Information Technology was the key guest of this session.

“5G is the tool for fourth industrial revelation and the country will see the first demonstration of the technology in the fair,” he said while talking participants at the BICC.

The arrangements aimed to showcase the advancement of 5G technology in human-to-machine or machine-to-machine communication.

The Posts and Telecommunications Division has organized the event where both local and foreign private entities in the digital technology sector took part.

A total of 100 stalls, pavilions, and mini pavilions has installed at the fair.

Ministers and digital technology experts attended this panel discussion about the present and future of technology, digital economy, digital growth, and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals.

Achieving SDGs through Digital Technology

What to look for when hiring a brand designer?

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Brand Designer
A tale of a brand designer

All designers are unique, not just artistically, but their procedure and what they afford to you. If you are thinking of rebranding or if you are requiring a new brand, here are some guidelines to consider when searching for the right brand designer.

All designers are not brand strategists. A brand designer is, of course, a graphic designer, but creating a brand for your business requires strategy. A brand designer will ask what you are looking for.

So, designing a brand is not making a nice logo only. It is more than a logo.

One may create a pretty logo for you but with no basis behind it.

In a true brand strategy, the focus isn’t on what you like, it should be on your clients, and what they like.

The questions should reflect their age, interests, and personality traits. When discussing with a brand designer, ask them to design your brand keeping the marketing perspective.

Zulker Naeen
A tale of a brand designer

So don’t confuse branding with the logo design only.

Having just a logo does not work for any business, even online-only businesses or even bloggers.

Make sure that your brand designer is providing a strategic approach to more than just graphic design services.

Look at the website of Zulker Naeen, a noted brand designer of rising companies.

If you look at his website, you may get his strategic approach for his branding and web design, make sure you look at his site carefully as well.

Does it flow a great strategy? Does it provide more than blogging? Is it mature? Is his branding reflected well throughout the portfolio site?

Would you like his site? Do you feel like you trust him when looking at his site?

Zulker Naeen
All articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive

Custom Furniture
Erina Furniture

Moldtrix is a reliable plastic injection mold manufacturer. We know mold is critical for the manufacturing world, and Moldtrix is such a name that believes in improved molding technology.

Who is behind this injection mold manufacturer?

However, Hasan Engineering Works is behind its success. Its engineers are experts in mold making and equipped high-speed CNC milling, CNC lath, EDM machine, and other machinery. 

So far, Hasan Engineering Works is one of the prominent plastic manufacturers in Bangladesh. Since its inception, Hasan Engineering Works has pursued comprehensive business expansion by manufacturing plastic injection molds and mold components.

A reliable custom furniture maker that will guarantee a cheaper rate

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Custom Furniture
Erina Custom-made Furniture

Custom furniture is one made upon demand according to your specifications. We make your home lovely with our amazing custom furniture.

While there is various home furniture is available in furniture stores and online, at times, the best response to your home enhancing difficulties is to buy custom furniture.

With it, you may develop the custom furniture entirely either by yourself, or pick a details style from Erina. It is the first-ever reliable furniture designer that makes custom furniture.

Make an appointment with Erina to invite a furniture designer to your home. Simply dial +88 01879 802 434 to confirm the appointment. A furniture designer will reach your home on schedule.

Custom Furniture

Selecting a dependable custom furniture maker would be your very first step. Ask your good friends as well as relatives for suggestions in your location.

Here are guidelines on choosing a cost-effective furniture maker:

  • When you finally discover a prospective custom-made furniture maker, ask if you can see some examples of his works.
  • Ask about his experience in the area of furniture making.
  • Decide what sort of material you want to use and also if you are picturing a particular furniture style, discuss it with your furniture maker together with some requirements.
  • Allow your furniture maker illustration or highlight his assumption of the furniture that you are looking for.
    When it is done, a skilled furniture maker can easily finish a comprehensive sketch on just how your furnishings will look like.
  • Ask just how much your custom furniture will set you back. A furniture maker will usually provide you with a rough estimate plus a breakdown of the materials. He also provides such as the kind as well as top quality of timber that will certainly be utilized, as well as his labour expense.
  • Take his quote to make the furniture you had done inquiries with.
  • Ask about payment terms. Typically, custom furniture requires an advance, usually paid upon completion of the job.
Custom Furniture
Erina Custom-made Furniture

The price of your custom furniture deferentially will be more compared to basic furnishings in retail stores.

What you probably will be spending for it today, will certainly more potentially be the smallest amount that you will certainly request for when you decide to offer your custom furniture years from currently.

A reliable custom furniture maker that will guarantee a cheaper rate

Numerous vehicles run without RR number plates

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Most automobiles run without RR number plates
Most automobiles run without RR number plates

Numerous vehicles, specifically motorbikes, are running without retro-reflective number plates along with radio-frequency recognition tags throughout the nation in defiance of repeated cautions.

RR number plates work in tracking the place of the vehicles that use them in the instance of any emergency.

Bangladesh Road Transport Authority officials claimed that to date, 24.91 lakh RR number plates were marked to motor vehicles while thus far 30.49 lakh such number plates were generated.

The proprietors of some 5.58 lakh automobiles are yet to use the plate on their cars.

BRTA supervisor for the design division Lokman Hossain Mollah informed on Sunday that most of these vehicles were motorbikes.

Nowadays, various records on-road mishaps indicate that the participation of motorbikes in fatal roadway accidents is enhancing.

Most automobiles run without RR number plates
Most automobiles run without RR number plates

Just 11 BRTA executive magistrates are struggling to examine the irregularities on the roads in the Dhaka and also Chattogram cities, according to BRTA officials.

In this backdrop, the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority, on January 9, provided an urgent round for all the car proprietors to gather their number layers from its workplaces by January 31.

Otherwise, the circular warned, proceedings will undoubtedly be taken against the proprietors as well as the car that would run without these number plates.

After prime minister, Sheikh Hasina, on October 31, 2012, inaugurated the production of RR number plates, the Bangladesh Machine Tools Factory Limited on November 7 started making the number plates.

The effort was taken to improve the order as well as safety and security when driving. The retro-reflective materials send out most of their light back to their source.

On the various other hands, radio-frequency identification involves a non-contact wireless system that makes use of radio-frequency electronic fields to transfer information from a tag affixed to an object for the functions of automatic recognition and tracking.

On October 10, 2015, a circular was provided, which read, ‘Vehicles which take registration from the BRTA will certainly not have the ability to run anywhere in the nation without RR number plate and RFID tags after December 31 in the same year.’

Custom Furniture
Erina Furniture

On December 31, 2015, following a BRTA proposal, the deadline was extended until March 2016.

Yet all these actions are unsuccessful.

The latest round provided in January pointed out that their owners plied numerous vehicles after signed up in one district in other areas.

When the number of plates prepared, the proprietors refused to take their vehicles to the district of registration.  It is also gotten transferring their number plates to the area where their vehicles were running.

These transfer applications created different administrative as well as monitoring troubles, the round more claimed, adding that the procedure was also time-consuming.

Under these scenarios, the owners have been asked to take their vehicles to the same BRTA offices to acquire the number plates, where their vehicles were registered, Lokman added.

A report published by Nirapad Sarak Chai on January 4 revealed that amongst the 1,190 vehicle drivers eliminated in road crashes throughout 2019, the highest 648 were motorcyclists.

Besides, of all the vehicles involved in the 2019 fatal accidents, bikes caused the highest possible 23 percent of them, the report added.

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Passenger car registration drops in Dhaka

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Passenger Car
Car registration drops in Dhaka.

Passenger car registration is downscaling because of the growing use of ride-sharing services, higher import costs of reconditioned autos are amongst crucial variables.

The variety of passenger cars signed up in Dhaka declined in 2014 for the very first time since 2013.

Besides, the variety of recon and new autos and microbuses getting registered with the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) remained to drop throughout the nation for the second successive year.

Specialists and car importers associate cars’ sales slump to the expanding popularity of ride-hailing solutions. It is also because of the climbing rate of reconditioned cars and trucks.

Nevertheless, with Dhaka being the exemption, the number of new motorbikes registered in 2014 rose throughout the nation.

However, 434 passenger cars are signed up at BRTA offices in Dhaka each day. The everyday average registration consists of 272 motorbikes and also 41 vehicles, according to BRTA information.

Numerous professionals see the pattern as a ray of wish for reducing the capital’s traffic congestion. So, they condemn automobiles for using up roadway room while lugging fewer individuals than bigger lorries.

On the other hand, motorcycles are ending up being progressively in cities primarily because they can sieve via traffic.

Passenger Car
Car registration drops in Dhaka.

In 2014, 5.04 lakh cars took registration across the country, including 1.58 lakh in Dhaka. In 2018, the figures were 4.97 lakh as well as 1.71 lakh, specifically.

Abdul Haque, head of state of the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers as well as Dealers Association (BARVIDA), labelled the duty framework for passenger cars inequitable.

The government reduced the maximum depreciation of imported reconditioned vehicles to 35% in 2018-19 from 45% in 2015-16.

Thanks to ride-hailing solutions, many people are avoiding purchasing autos, Abdul said.

Spoken to Uber authorities stated the firm was intending to place even more people in cars.

App-based ride-hailing services are continuing in Dhaka since May 2015. The incorporation of bikes popularised the services.

Currently, there is 12 registered ride-hailing business with over 1 lakh vehicles, generally bikes as well as automobiles.

Sajol Rahman, a private staff member, claimed he was preparing to get a vehicle in 2017. “But we left away from the plan because making use of ride-sharing services verified to be practical.”

Prof Shamsul claimed the acquisition of 600 buses by the BRTC, as well as the intro of some brand-new bus courses in Dhaka as well as its surrounding areas, caused the boost in buses and minibuses.

“This is a great indication, particularly for lowering traffic jams in Dhaka,” Prof Shamsul, likewise a previous director of the Accident Research Institute at Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, said.

Custom Furniture
Erina Furniture

BRTA Director (operations) Sitanghsu Shekhar Biswas stated they did not bring any change at any plans or charges that might influence the variety of vehicles. Import responsibilities of cars and trucks or various other tax concerns may have a contribution, he added.

Slowly, the number of autos enrolment in Dhaka is decreasing from 19,573 in 2017 to 15,016 last year. Outdoors Dhaka, the number also drops from 21,959 to 16,783 during the very same duration.

In 2014, fewer vehicles and also microbuses took registration in the nation; however, the enrolment of new buses and mini-buses enhanced.

The registered numbers of buses and mini-buses were 3,606 and 837 in 2015 throughout the country. In 2018, it was 2,755 and also 436, respectively. The BRTC’s import of 600 buses in 2014 was a significant factor behind the rise.

The authorities do not have any record of how many of these vehicles get on the road currently.  Besides, non-listed cars are running the streets.

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Passenger car registration drops in Dhaka

Erina is a reliable custom-furniture maker in Bangladesh

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Erina Furniture
Erina Furniture

How to search for a reliable custom furniture builder that will guarantee quality work without overcharging? Erina is a trustworthy solution in terms of custom-made furniture.

Custom furniture is one made according to your specifications. While there are numerous home furniture options available in retail and furniture stores, at times, the best answer to your home decorating problem is to order custom furniture.

With it, you can design the furniture by yourself, or choose a specific style from magazines and change the details, like materials such as wood, fabric, and stain.

Custom Furniture
Erina Furniture

Choosing a reliable custom furniture maker would be your first step. Ask your friends and relatives for recommendations in your area. They might also suggest you Erina as it a specialized service only design unique furniture.

Here are guidelines on choosing a reliable furniture maker:

  1. When you finally find a potential furniture builder, ask if you can see some samples of the works he created.
  2. Ask about his experience in the field of furniture building. Generally, a minimum of four years’ experience is preferable.
  3. Decide what type of material to be used, and if you are envisioning a specific furniture design, discuss it with your furniture maker along with some specifications. An experienced furniture builder will easily understand and perceive what you are suggesting.
  4. Let your furniture maker sketch his perception of the furniture that you both have discussed. 
  5. Ask how much your custom furniture will cost. A reliable furniture maker will usually give you a rough estimate plus a detailed list of the materials, such as the kind and quality of wood you want, and his labor cost.
  6. Compare his quote to other custom furniture makers whom you had made inquiries.
  7. Ask about payment terms. Generally, custom furniture makers require a down payment with the balance usually paid upon completion of the work.

You may compare the cost of your custom furniture with other basic furniture in retail stores. The main reasons behind are its uniqueness, durability, and detailed craftsmanship.

What you probably will be paying for it today, will more possibly be the smallest amount that you will ask for when you decide to sell your custom furniture years from now.

Erina is the first-ever reliable furniture maker that makes custom furniture in Bangladesh.

Erina is a reliable custom-furniture maker in Bangladesh

Bangladesh auto-components market

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Bangladesh Auto-components Market
Bangladesh Auto-components Market

In Bangladesh, the auto-components market has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. Market Insider says the auto parts market has more than doubled, mostly because of the rise of car users.

The auto-components market of Bangladesh has expanded by 10% to reach a level of Tk 1,400 crore in FY 2016-17.

A business-friendly policy over the automotive sector, the increased purchasing power, growing domestic market, and an ever-increasing number of the reconditioned car have made Bangladesh a favorable destination for the automotive market.

Custom Furniture

Importers mostly import the engine, alternator, radiator, air conditioner, suspension, brake pads, spoiler, rim, tire, trim package, body components, and other spare parts needed to serve this market.

The annual growth of this auto-components market was at an average of 10% to 12% for the last decade.

The market for automotive components is still unorganized, so any exact data about the industry is not readily available. 

Most of the importers fetch reconditioned and new automobile parts from Thailand, China, Indonesia, Taiwan, Dubai, and India. At least 200 traders import auto spare parts, and most of them have workshops. More than 2,500 traders are involved in the components business.

All the most, all kinds of spare parts of various motor cars are available in Bangladesh. Among the spare parts, 80% are for Toyota cars and the rest for other brands.

Road Ahead

The world is opening up newer avenues for the transportation industry. At the same time, it makes a shift towards hybrid cars, which deemed more efficient, safe, and reliable modes of transportation. 

Over the next decade, this will lead to newer verticals and opportunities for auto-components importers, who would need to adapt to the change via domestic requirement.

Bangladesh auto-components importers are well-positioned to benefit from the globalization of the sector as manufacturing potential.

Bangladesh auto-components market

Global Mining Lubricants Industry

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Lube Economy
Global Mining Lubricants Market

Global Mining Lubricants market world is to grow by $727.4 million, driven by a compounded growth of 4.3%.

A study says, mineral oil lubricants displays the potential to grow at over 4.7%.

The shifting dynamics supporting this growth makes it critical for businesses in this space to keep abreast of the changing pulse of the market.

Custom Furniture

Moreover, based on the end-use industry, the segments of the mining lubricants market are iron ore mining, coal mining, bauxite mining, rare-earth mineral mining, and precious metal mining.

Production of coal ore is more than that of iron ore and other rare earth metals. Hence, the coal mining segment leads to the mining lubricants market. High energy consumption and industrial development are likely to foster the global mining lubricants market.

The demand for mineral oil lubricants is going to reach over $2 billion by the year 2025, will bring in healthy gains adding significant momentum to global growth.

This market mostly belongs to the developed world.

The United States will maintain a 3.3% growth momentum. Germany will add over $ 26.1 million to the region’s size and clout in the next 5 to 6 years.

Over $20.9 million worth of projected demand in the region will come from the rest of Europe markets.

In Japan, mineral oil lubricants could reach a market size of $112.5 million by the close of the analysis period.

The world’s second-largest economy, China exhibits the potential to grow at 6.9% over the next few years and adds approximately $210.8 million in terms of addressable opportunity for the picking by businesses and their leaders.

Several macroeconomic factors and internal market forces could shape the growth and development of demand patterns in emerging countries in Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East.

Lube Economy

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

Then, he started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterward, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the established lubricant brands in Bangladesh, like Hindustan Petroleum, Veedol™, Valvoline®, and Orient.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy, and power, automotive, and construction.

Google Zulker Naeen to understand his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

Global Mining Lubricants Industry

Global Synthetic Lubricants Market

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Synthetic Lubricants
Global Synthetic Lubricants Market

Global Synthetic Lubricants, its market size is generated from heat transfer fluid, predicted to witness growth at over 4% by 2023.

The manufacturing industry is expected to increase the metalworking fluid demand over the forecast period. Various industrial processing mostly chemical, oil & gas, and pharmaceutical requires heat transfer efficiency.

The high cost of mineral oil may hamper the growth of the synthetic lubricant market.

The regulations imposed by different governments to support the environment-friendly product development will propel the demand for bio-lubricants, are also among the major restraints.

Custom Furniture

Existence of the numerous aviation industries including Boeing may spur the business growth in the coming years.

The enormous automotive and aerospace manufacturing companies including Rolls, Audi, Volkswagen, Airbus, Royce, Mercedes and BMW may increase the automobile sale, which may positively encourage the business growth over the forecast period.

The rising demand for reciprocating compressor may propel the industry landscape.

Synthetic Lubricants

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the established lubricants brands in Bangladesh, like Hindustan Petroleum, Veedol™, Valvoline®, and Orient.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.

Google Zulker Naeen to understand his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

Is the usual business model bringing growth for the lubricant companies?

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Zulker Naeen
Is the usual business model bringing growth for the lubricant companies?

Everyone is observing the exponential growth of the lubricants demand in this market. But is it true the demand is growing? What does the existing database say?

But, the growth rate of the lube companies is much higher than the annual growth of the total lube demand in Bangladesh.

It is high time to be more strategic for your brand. Get the next business guideline that will help you to grow your business in this competitive market.

Contact us to develop the next year business plan.   

Zulker Naeen
Where companies are heading their lube business?

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

Custom Furniture

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the established lubricants brands in Bangladesh, like Hindustan Petroleum, Veedol™, Valvoline®, and Orient.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.  

Google Zulker Naeen to understand his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

Recent Posts

Is the usual business model bringing growth for the lubricant companies?

How successful the business model is for lube companies?

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Lube Business
How successful the usual business model is for lube companies?

Everyone is observing the exponential growth of the lube demand in this market. But is it true the demand is growing? What does the existing database say?

But, the growth rate of the lube companies is much higher than the annual growth of the total lube demand in Bangladesh.

The annual domestic consumption has got almost 3% yearly growth, which is on par with India but behind China.

The lube market holds more than 100 brand names altogether and its number is increasing.

The demand from the automotive, construction sector, industrial machinery, and equipment application also accounts for a major share of the total lubricants driven by end-user sectors.

Additionally, the industrial sector accounts for 30% of the total lube consumption in Bangladesh.

The demand is the highest thanks to the automotive sector and the agriculture-based economy.

Shortly, the market is expected to witness steady growth in Bangladesh because of its growing economy.

It is high time to be more strategic for your lube brand. Get the next business guideline that will help you to grow your business in this competitive market.

Contact us to develop the next year business plan.   

Zulker Naeen
How successful the usual business model is for lube companies?

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Custom Furniture

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the established lubricants brands in Bangladesh, like Hindustan Petroleum, Veedol™, Valvoline®, and Orient.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.  

Google Zulker Naeen to understand his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

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How successful the business model is for lube companies?

Where companies are heading their lube business?

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Lube Business
Where companies are heading their lube business?

Everyone is observing the exponential growth of the lube demand in this market. But is it true the demand is growing? What does the existing database say?

But, the growth rate of the lube companies is much higher than the annual growth of the total lube demand in Bangladesh.

Expansion in transportation, construction infrastructure, and availability of finance, is fuelling the growth of the country’s lube market at a rapid rate.

Market insiders say that the annual demand of lube was around 1.75 lakh tons in the 2018-19 year, and it may reach two lakh tons in the 2019-20 year.

Earlier, the size of the local lube market stood at about Tk5, 000cr to Tk6, 000cr in the 2018-19 year, as the market grows by 5% to 7% per annum.

Increased economic activities, rising power sector, vibrant transportation, and mobility sector have boosted the lube market.

So, the next market depends on the back of the country’s economic growth, people’s buying capacity, and rising number of on-road vehicles.

It is high time to be more strategic for your brand. Get the next business guideline that will help you to grow your business in this competitive market.

Contact us to develop the next year business plan. 

Zulker Naeen
Where companies are heading their lube business?

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

Also, his diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the established lubricants brands in Bangladesh, like Hindustan Petroleum, Veedol™, Valvoline®, and Orient.

Moreover, his portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.  

Google Zulker Naeen to understand his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

Major challenges of the country’s ride-sharing economy

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Ride-sharing
Major challenges of the ride-sharing economy

Bangladesh is now witnessing a leap in ride-sharing space with the emergence of the ride-sharing companies.

In 2016, ride-sharing tech companies stormed the market with Uber, Pathao and Amar Ride launching services in Dhaka.

On average, users took 6.0 million rides each month from rideshare services, according to January 2019 data. And it is clear evidence of massive uptake and growth of ride-sharing services. 

However, the country’s ride-sharing economy may face multiple challenges in future. Globally, the current status of ride-sharing powerhouses puts a question over the sustainability of the existing business model. And it is also considerable.

In Bangladesh, the rideshare service star Pathao has faced challenges when investors backing out from expected funding rounds.

Consequently, the start-up reportedly valued at $100 million had to undergo significant downsizing of large numbers of mid- to top-level employees. However, it has put a consequence in country’s ride-sharing ecosystem.

What are the key factors of the country’s ride-sharing economy?

Keeping users stick with one platform is a key challenge. While it’s not the happiest measure, customer churn is common since it is merely a matter of switching between apps.

Companies take on promo-code to counter this, as a key strategy for customer acquisition and retention. However, several geographies of the ride-sharing set the failure of the promo-code driven growth strategy.

Heavy investments in promotions, intended to acquire more market shares, and subsequently, more investor funds, worked less in many cases.

Another strategy to extend other service verticals, like food, logistics has got more users on-board, but balancing different strategies can drain investor funds too quickly. The platforms need to have multiple service verticals to strap up the users’ loyalty, since creating brand loyalty is more difficult for app-based services.

Another problem specific to the ride-sharing economy is disintermediation.

In the context of ridesharing, when users and service providers agree to transact bypassing the platform is disintermediation. 

Disintermediation has turned into a major problem. It also caused revenue loss for various sharing economy platforms. It leaves platforms and its users vulnerable since drivers are not accountable to anyone but the fee-paying customer.

This needs to be regulated as it has safety consequences for both the drivers and passengers and revenue and business implications for the platforms.

So far, the platform companies and investors are not the winners. Currently, the car-selling agencies are getting the ultimate benefit from the success of the ride-sharing networks.

Other actors are telecommunication companies, as both users and the drivers need to purchase mobile Internet access to operate.

However, the landscape of rideshare service appears to be evolving for the factors that may disrupt the overall economy of the ride-sharing space.

Major challenges of the country’s ride-sharing economy

A portfolio of a brand designer

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Brand Designer
A tale of a brand designer

No matter what kind of business you’re in, you need a brand designer to build a solid brand. Your brand is what makes you unique.

It’s what sets you apart from the competition and lets your customers know who you are and what you’re about. If your brand is Oppo, your brand identity is the “camera phone.”

Designing your brand identity is a key—and because of its strategic approach, it’s not a task you want to tackle on your own. It takes a certain kind of talent, specifically, brand designers to build a brand from the ground up.

If you’re at the very beginning of the branding process, go with a brand designer.

Zulker Naeen
A tale of a brand designer

You may just plan to launch your brand. If you’re not exactly sure the direction you want to take your brand, it is a great way to get input from a talented brand designer.

Role of a Brand designer

So far, the brand designer is to assist in the assessing and defining of a brand. In essence, he takes a company’s mission, purpose, and goals and ensures that it reflects into the copy and visual aspects of a brand.

With that being said, a graphic designer and brand designer are not the same roles. That needs to be clear that you look at what your branding requirements are.

If you need help defining your brand, you should hire a brand designer. This person should have expertise on the topic of branding, copy, and understand design in a way they can incorporate it effectively to all branding components.

However, the main purpose of his job is to assess your brand and create an image for it. He needs to be able to define it in a way that resonates and appeals to your target customer. His role will ensure that your mission and goals reflect on all parts of your brand.

Who is Zulker Naeen?

He is a man behind the brand stories.

Zulker Naeen is a brand designer by profession. He is a communication graduate from the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh.

He started his career as a copywriter, shifted his career as a market researcher later on.

Afterwards, as an individual practitioner, he has gathered a diverse knowledge of market research and brand designing.

His diverse portfolio says he is the smart guy behind four of the noted lubricants brands in Bangladesh.

His portfolios are fast-moving consumer goods, energy and power, automotive, and construction.

Google Zulker Naeen to find his extensive portfolio as a brand designer.

A portfolio of a brand designer

Registered motor vehicles in Dhaka: Bus vs Truck

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Motor vehicles
The registered number of bus and truck in Dhaka
Motor vehicles
The registered number of bus and truck in Dhaka

Growth Comparison of Motor Vehicles: Motorcycle vs Passenger Car

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Motorcycle Population
Growth comparison of motor vehicles between bike and car
Motorcycle Population
Growth comparison of motor vehicles between bike and car

Registered Motor Vehicles in Dhaka

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Motor Cycle
Registered motor vehicles in Dhaka
Registered Motor Vehicles in Dhaka

Registered Motorcycle Numbers In Bangladesh

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Motorcycle
Registered Motorcycle Numbers In Bangladesh
Motorcycle
Registered Motorcycle Numbers In Bangladesh

Bangladesh Two-wheeler Market

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Motorcycle Population
Reviving Bangladesh Two-wheeler Market

The two-wheeler market in Bangladesh is revving up with the steadily increasing demand for the two-wheelers in the country.

Bangladesh two-wheeler market is expected to witness high growth at a CAGR of above 6% in value terms, from 2018 to 2023, owing to the increasing two-wheeler sales in the country over recent years.

Domestic production has pushed down prices of the two-wheelers by nearly half.

Back in 2016, a reputed brand bike costs Tk 149,000, now it costs just Tk 97,000. Low prices have increased the demand for two-wheeled vehicles significantly.

The city-dwellers and office goers prefer using motor-cycles over two-wheelers in a bid to avoid the high congestion.

Two-wheelers are also widely adopted in rural areas due to the poor road infrastructure.

Economic factors such as high economic growth, rising population and increasing spending power of the costumers are attracting the major players in the Bangladesh two-wheeler market.

Bangladesh has turned into a mature market such as India and China.

The arrival of key players such as Honda, Yamaha who are setting up production facilities in the country is likely to act as a driver for the market in the coming years.

Moreover, increasing interest of women as potential customers, lower maintenance services and replacement parts as compared to four-wheelers is expected to drive the growth of the market in the coming years.

Also, the technological advancements in engine capacities, the introduction of newer models by the manufacturers and rising shift towards electrical two-wheelers are expected to drive the growth of the market in the next five years.

Based on the vehicle type, the two-wheeler segment leads the market and is expected to maintain its position during the forecast period, owing to high adoption of two-wheelers due to low-maintenance, easy availability of finance and popularity among office goers to void traffic congestion.

Electric two-wheeler segment is expected to grow due to the rising need for shifting to alternate transportation to control pollution and conserve fossil fuels.

Zulker Naeen

Latest Posts

Bangladesh Two-wheeler Market

Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Engine Oil

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Lube Market
Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Engine Oil

The demand for automotive engine oils has surged in the past five years, owing to the rapid growth in the sales of motor vehicles in Bangladesh.

According to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, the sales of new passenger vehicles witnessed an increase of nearly 30% in 2016-17, and the growth is expected to continue further, owing to the rising purchasing power of consumers and easier credit availabilities in the recent times.

Bangladesh is the fourth fastest-growing economy worldwide, with GDP of Bangladesh experiencing a continuous rise since the past 5 years, and this is expected to continue during the next five years.

Light motor vehicles and passenger cars are the fastest-growing sectors, also the largest consumer of automotive engine oil in Bangladesh. Lubricants are used in automobiles in the form of engine oil; coolants, brake fluids, and other transmission oils.

During 2013-2017, automotive vehicle sales have increased with an exponential rate, also expected to increase throughout 2019-2024. In 2017, according to the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), a total of 0.5 million vehicles were registered in Bangladesh.

The rising per capita income of the citizens leads to a rise in the living standards of the people, and thus, the demand for the automobiles is increasing.

Additionally, the sales of high-end cars have witnessed a massive surge in the country lately, with a growth rate of over 15% being recorded during 2015-18. 

This, in turn, has spurred the consumption of semi-synthetic and synthetic engine oils in the country in recent times.

Zulker Naeen
Zulker Naeen
All articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive

From now, all articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive. Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner seeking to development of the engine oil market of Bangladesh.

He observed the growth of this market with his close eyes for the last four years. Recently, he started publishing his observations on this market as market insights.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio writes the factors behind the market — so that the marketer can update themselves.

His portfolio is neither a self-published media nor an individual brand.

You may get it as a mouthpiece which tries to publish every market insights you need.

Till now, it has published more than 100 articles.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make 

Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” an unorganized trade.

So, this portfolio moved forward to be a representative of this market for its development.

Thanks to this portfolio that coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to evaluate the current status of an individual brand.

Currently, a dedicated team is involved in research on the existing lubricants shelves of the retailer shops.

There are many enthusiastic those who rely on market development are working together for this portfolio.  

As a watchdog, this portfolio is enriched one as has worked a lot like a strategic campaigner of various noted brands in Bangladesh.

It has done with the brand positioning of global brands here.

We know that the role of a campaigner is to achieve change. Being the agent of change, the role of this portfolio is not just preparing the market strategy or writing a report.

As a part of this campaign, Zulker Naeen’s portfolio represents “Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” to update you by publishing market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts.

This portfolio aims to achieve change among every acquaintance of this market.

Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Engine Oil

Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Lubricants

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Lube Market
Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Lubricants

The demand for automotive Lubricants has surged in the past five years, owing to the rapid growth of motor vehicles sales in Bangladesh.

According to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, the sales of new passenger vehicles witnessed an increase of nearly 30% in 2016-17, the growth is expected to continue further.

Light motor vehicles and passenger cars are the fastest-growing sectors, also the largest consumer of automotive lubricants in Bangladesh.

During 2013-2017, automotive vehicle sales have increased with an exponential rate, also expected to increase throughout 2019-2024. In 2017, according to the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority, a total of 0.5 million vehicles were registered in Bangladesh.

The rising per capita income of the citizens leads to a rise in the living standards of the people, and thus, the demand for the automobiles is increasing.

Additionally, the sales of high-end cars have witnessed a massive surge recently, with a growth rate of over 15% being recorded during 2015-18.

This, in turn, has spurred the consumption of semi-synthetic and synthetic engine oils in the country in recent times.

Bangladesh is the fourth fastest-growing economy worldwide, with GDP of Bangladesh experiencing a continuous rise since the past 5 years, and this is expected to continue during the next five years.

Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Lubricants

From now, all articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive. Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner seeking to development of the engine oil market of Bangladesh.

He observed the growth of this market with his close eyes for the last four years. Recently, he started publishing his observations on this market as market insights.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio writes the factors behind the market — so that the marketer can update themselves.

His portfolio is neither a self-published media nor an individual brand.

You may get it as a mouthpiece which tries to publish every market insights you need.

Till now, it has published more than 100 articles.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make 

Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” an unorganized trade.

So, this portfolio moved forward to be a representative of this market for its development.

Thanks to this portfolio that coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to evaluate the current status of an individual brand.

Currently, a dedicated team is involved in research on the existing lubricants shelves of the retailer shops.

There are many enthusiastic those who rely on market development are working together for this portfolio.  

As a watchdog, this portfolio is enriched one as has worked a lot like a strategic campaigner of various noted brands in Bangladesh.

It has done with the brand positioning of global brands here.

We know that the role of a campaigner is to achieve change. Being the agent of change, the role of this portfolio is not just preparing the market strategy or writing a report.

As a part of this campaign, Zulker Naeen’s portfolio represents “Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” to update you by publishing market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts.

This portfolio aims to achieve change among every acquaintance of this market.

Key Market Trends of Bangladesh Automotive Lubricants

Growth of Bangladesh lubricants market

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Lubricants Market
Growth of Bangladesh lubricants market

In our country, the lubricants market is on steady growth in comparison to other distinct markets.

Not surprisingly, the annual domestic demand for lubricating oils is around 1.75 lakh tons litres, whereas the market value is around Tk5,000cr to Tk6,000cr.

According to the industry insiders, the annual lubricant demand is expected to reach two lakh tons in the 2019-20 fiscal year.

The annual domestic consumption has got almost 3% yearly growth, which is on par with India but behind China.

The market holds more than 100 brand names altogether and its number is increasing.

The demand from the automotive, construction sector, industrial machinery, and equipment application also accounts for a major share of the total lubricants driven by end-user sectors.

Additionally, the industrial sector accounts for 30% of the total lubricant consumption in Bangladesh.

The demand is the highest thanks to the automotive sector and the agriculture-based economy.

Shortly, the market is expected to witness steady growth in Bangladesh because of its growing economy.

The growing automotive sector and industrial production have resulted in enhanced demand for lubricants in Bangladesh. In terms of volume, the transportation segment accounts for more than half of the total lubricants market.

In terms of application, the lubricants market has been segregated into automotive, industrial, and marine. Rapid industrialization has boosted the demand for lubricants in various end-use industries.

Expansion of industries such as industrial machinery, automotive, and energy in developing economies is fueling the demand for lubricants and their derivatives such as finished lubricants.

Growth of Bangladesh lubricants market

Unregistered vehicles to drop the country’s lube demand

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Bangladesh Lube Market
Unregistered vehicles to drop the country’s lube demand

The High Court Division directed the authorities concerned to ask refuelling stations not to sell fuel to those vehicles without valid fitness documents on October 23.

It also ordered the law enforcers to strictly monitor refuelling stations across the country so that they do not supply fuel to those unfit vehicles.

In turn, this directive will keep the unregistered vehicles idle in the roads and bus depots. 

Consequently, the lube market has to receive a significant drop in oil demand in the upcoming months. Mostly, it may cause the sales drop of the diesel engine oil segment.

People involved in the transport sector said the number of outdated vehicles has decreased in recent years.

So far, the outdated vehicles are the key consumers of the diesel engine oil, also consumed 45% of total demand for the transport sector.

It is a forecast that, the demand for the engine oil may not as significant like the previous year because of the unexpected flood in this quarter, and the declined prices of rice and paddy recent years.

Unregistered vehicles to drop the country’s lube demand
Bangladesh Lube Market
Unregistered vehicles at the roadside

BRTA placed a report before the court in July, stating that 4,58,369 vehicles without valid fitness certificates were on the roads.

Of them, owners of 89,269 vehicles renewed fitness certificates in the last two months, the report said.

Of the total vehicles without fitness certificates, over 2.61 lakh were in Dhaka division, over 1.19 lakh in Chattogram division, over 26,000 in Rajshahi division, over 6,000 in Rangpur division, over 15,000 in Khulna division, over 44,000 in Sylhet division and over 5,000 in Barishal division, BRTA submitted in its report.

However, the state-run organization has no specific data of how many vehicles among the 4,58,369 got their fitness certificate renewed in the two months.

Around 14.22 lakh vehicles are required to have their fitness certificates renewed annually.

But the BRTA data shows that only 5.75 lakh vehicles renewed their fitness certificates in the last fiscal year.

Around 1.40 lakh received fitness clearances in the first three months of the current fiscal year.

There are several lakh unregistered vehicles in the country.

BRTA also prayed for a directive to the refuelling stations to stop selling fuels to the owners of unfit vehicles.

Unregistered vehicles to drop the country’s lube demand

Losing Lubricant Shelves in Bangladesh

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Zulker Naeen
Losing Lubricant Shelves in Bangladesh

Lubricants Shelf, as a concept, is applied to review the status of an engine oil brand in the market. We come up with this term, which is a framework to understand the acceptance of existing oil brands.

Following that framework, we have observed the shelves of the country’s noted retailer shops and tried to find the sustainability of brands.

We know the popular brands secure its shelves automatically, but the fate of the rising brands is unlike. And it is very uncertain for the rising brands.

The rising brands have to lose 5% of its shelves equally in the retailer shops, as new brands are trying to take those spaces.  

We know, the engine oil trade has found an ambiguous one.

And the situation is being degraded while too many brands are in the same battle to secure the market share.

We have observed these factors behind this trade earlier. Also, the market insiders think lack of govt. intervention on the policy to monitor this trade make this market uncontrolled one.

The situation is being tough for the entire trade. It is clear, the engine oil brands with their shelves are struggling to grip their market shares.

Recently, market insiders also showed their concern over the brands while discussing the lubricants shelves.

Even, the existing trademark brands are losing their shelves too.

Many recognized brands are facing difficulties, as the market is already flooded with more than 100 brands.

Losing Lubricant Shelves in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Lube Market Segments

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Bangladesh Lubricants Market
Bangladesh Lube Market Segments

The growing automotive sector and industrial production have resulted in enhanced demand for lubricants in Bangladesh. In terms of volume, the transportation segment accounts for more than half of the total lubricants market. 

In terms of application, the lubricants market has been segregated into automotive, industrial, and marine. Rapid industrialization has boosted the demand for lubricants in various end-use industries.

Expansion of industries such as industrial machinery, automotive, and energy in developing economies is fueling the demand for lubricants and their derivatives such as finished lubricants.

We provide a detailed appraisal of the finished automotive and industrial lubricants industry. Our portfolio identifies market opportunities and challenges for lubricant suppliers, distributors, lubricant additive suppliers, and base stock manufacturers.

Consumer automotive lubricants:

It contains passenger car engine oil, 4T, ATF, gear oil, and grease.

Commercial automotive lubricants:

It includes heavy-duty engine oil, hydraulic and transmission fluid, gear oil, and grease

Industrial oils and fluids:

It includes hydraulic fluid, gear oils, compressor oils, grease, and other general industrial oils.

Industrial engine oil:

It includes natural gas, railroad, marine, aviation piston aircraft, and all other.

Metalworking fluids:

Removal, forming, protecting, and treating fluids

Process oils:

white, electrical, rubber, and all others.

Bangladesh Lube Market Segments

Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40

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Zulker Naeen
Review on TRIAX FLEET SUPREME 15W-40

TRIAX premium lubricants brand, with FLEET SUPREME ESP 15W 40, claimed that the latest technology has enriched the heavy-duty engine oil segment. The claim says It offers the latest in heavy-duty diesel specifications, combined with state-of-the-art tested and true anti-wear technology.

Fleet Supreme 15W40 is full synthetic lubricants developed to comply with the latest diesel engine OEM requirements, both North American and European UHPD engines requiring Euro 5 and Euro 5 low SAPS engine oils.

Its exclusive Continuous Regenerating Plating Technology is designed for friction optimization, reduction, unsurpassed fuel economy and unmatched wear protection.

As usual, its high-efficiency detergent system and high retention TBN keep the engine ultra-clean and prevent corrosion, acid and maximize overall engine protection to the highest degree.

Another privilege, it has used CRL (Continuously Regenerative Layering) technology with Moly and Boron compounds to form an extremely resilient protective shell on all hot section engine parts, providing extreme wear protection, and heat dissipation. 

  • TURBO-CHARGER PROTECTION – It offers unmatched turbo-charged protection. The high oxidation resistance of the oil and its CRP composition prevents oil burning up inside the turbocharger once the vehicle has been turned off.

  • UNPARALLELED 40% IMPROVEMENT IN SLUDGE / ENGINE DEPOSITS – Unique dispersal and detergent technology exceed CAT ECF-3 performance by ~40% in deposit control in CAT C13 Engine Test.
  • EXTENDED DRAIN INTERVALS – It delivers outstanding drain intervals, 80,000 miles or more with oil analysis and proper maintenance, in class 8 transport trucks and triple the drain intervals of regular lubricants for diesel pickup trucks. 

  • FORD DIESEL SPECIFICATION – Both in 10W-30 and 15W-40 grades exceed the Ford required specification for CK-4 lubricants – FORD WSS-M2C171-F1.

It is designed to be fully backwards compatible with CJ-4 and CI-4 plus applications. It is also recommended for 2016 and newer heavy-duty diesel engines. It also recommended for the latest diesel engines from Volvo, Renault, Ford, Caterpillar, and UHPD. It also includes heavy on-road transportation, off-road, quarrying, mining including server service heavy duty.

Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40
Fleet Supreme ESP
15W40
  • Class 8 heavy-duty highway trucks and pickup trucks such as F250, F350, Silverado, Dodge Ram and any other diesel trucks.
  • Off-road mining and construction equipment.
  • Heavy duty and light duty US trucks such as Dodge, Chevy, Ford, both diesel and gasoline.
  • US EPA 2007/2010 Modern Low Emissions Vehicles, utilizing technologies such as Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR), Continuously Regenerating Traps (CRT), Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC) and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR).

API CK-4, CJ-4, CI-4 Plus, CI-4, CH-4 | API SN (15W-40 ONLY) | ACEA E9-12, E9-16 | CUMMINS CES 20086 | MACK EOS 4.5 | MB 228.31 | DDC 93K222 | CATERPILLAR ECF-3 | VOLVO VDS-4.5, VDS-4, VDS-3 | RENAULT VI RLD-4, RLD-3 |MTU TYPE 2.1 | DEUTZ DQC III-10 LA | FORD WSS-M2C171-F1 | MAN 3575 | SCANIA LDF-2, LDF-3 Low Ash

Michael Hal satisfied with its oil performance when he first used it on his F250, also derived him to switch all of their semi-trucks on it. He has been now using this oil in my trucks for about a year and a half.

“I had an instant startup at -20F freezing temperature. After being left outside all night so great cold start performance, haven’t gotten that with other 15W40 oils. For my F250, it had analyzed at 10k and then 15k miles. I changed the oil at 15250 miles even through Polaris labs came back with green across the board.”

Talking on its performance, he said, additive depletion was less than 15-20% vs fresh oil, which is very good.

Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40
Fleet Ultra ESP
15W-40
Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40

“Our highway semis are regularly run 75-90k miles without a bypass filter. I started them out at 45k drain then gradually increased to the current level.”

Also, the viscosity stays within the spec range of a 15W-40 all the way through, doesn’t get thicker or thinner. This saves us additional cash as we don’t need to use oil viscosity stabilizers.

Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40When we used other brands of oil, after about 30k miles the viscosity would drop and we had to use Lucas oil stabilizers to “thicken it up”.

John Pedro has replaced the previous oil for his Ram 2500. He said, “I used Triax 15W40 and found a noticeable change. The truck ran smoother and the engine was quieter even my wife noticed the difference.”

Another user Davis said, “Triax has given me an additional quantity, which is more than made up for the previous order that leaked.”

Juan Garza said, “I use on my semi-truck, DD15 engine and I have to say of all the different oils I’ve used over the years this is the best, I run about 12k to 15k miles a month and interval change at about 40k miles on oil, oil looks really good coming out probably can add another 20k to it if I wanted too, performance I get better fuel mileage its quieter and smoother, this is the oil I’m going to use from now on.”

Celia Martinez shared his experiences too, “Immediately, just after using Triax Fleet Supreme, the truck idled better and quieter within minutes.  Fuel mileage has increased 1.5-2.0 miles per gallon on long trips from Arizona to California.”

Review on TRIAX Fleet Supreme 15W-40

Global lubricants market synopsis 2019

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Global lubricants market
Global lubricants market synopsis 2019

The global lubricants market was expected to be worth $162.3 billion by 2019, according to a report by a market research firm, Markets and Markets. It was valued at about $90billion in 2016.

This growth was projected on the back of the rising number of on-road vehicles and growing transportation, and logistics industry.

Industrialization and rapid infrastructure across the developing world are considered to be the key drivers of lubricant growth, adds the report.

Rapid industrialization has boosted the demand for lubricants in various end-use industries. Industrial machinery, automotive, and energy in developing economies are fuelling the demand for finished lubricants.

Global lubricants market synopsis 2019
Valvoline Advanced Full Synthetic 5W-30
Motor Oil

Asia-Pacific was the fastest-growing lubricants market, with an annual growth rate of 3% between 2014 and 2019.

Global lubricants market synopsis 2019

The Middle East and Africa are the regions that drove the lubricants materials market. China, India, South Africa, Brazil and Iran are the next growing end-user industries.

The growing automotive sector and industrial production have resulted in enhanced demand for lubricants.

Transportation segment accounts for nearly 57% of the total lubricants market.

Global lubricants market synopsis 2019

Bangladesh’s lubricants market database records 100 document

Anyone active in the lubricants sector needs solid knowledge and information in the form of market insights and reports. Zulker Naeen provides this information through an industry-leading document database. The exclusive documents are an invaluable argumentation and decision-making resource for manufacturers, distributors, investors, institutions and anyone interested in developments in the growing lubricants sector.

These reports help investors to understand the viability of the lubricants market. It also assesses the prevailing value chain and provides recommendations for the private sector, improves investors access to finance for end-users.

Bangladesh Lube Market Database

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Lube Market
Bangladesh Lube Market Database

Anyone active in business needs unyielding knowledge and information in the form of market insights. Zulker Naeen, as a portfolio supervisor of “Bangladesh Lube Market”, provides the latest information through an industry-leading document database.

The exclusive documents are an invaluable argumentation and decision-making resource for manufacturers, distributors, investors, and anyone interested in developments of the growing lube sector. 

It offers a detailed independent appraisal of the finished automotive and industrial lubricants industry. It identifies market opportunities and challenges for lubricant suppliers, additive suppliers, and base stock manufacturers.

Bangladesh Lube Market Database

Current reporting styles are now out of the ark. Existing reports talk more, give the least insights. From their write-ups, it’s rare to get a real-time picture over the market.

Bangladesh Lube Market Database
GTX MAGNATEC
5W-20

That is why the portfolio of “Bangladesh Lube Market” often argues with the reports by the newspapers.

Here is Zulker Naeen. This identity is neither an individual observer nor a writer. Rather it is a portfolio on Bangladesh Lube Market Database.

This portfolio exclusively publishes perceptive reports on this market. It has already included more than 100 articles.

Recently, consecutive news reports identified the growth of “Bangladesh Lube Market” which is exponential one.

Besides, this portfolio highlighted the growth of this market earlier. Its research-oriented facts have made it a mouthpiece of this trade for the last four years. Those who rely on market insights are working together for this portfolio.  

Bangladesh Lube Market Database
Bangladesh Lube Market Database
AeroShell Oil W15W-50

It has worked as a campaigner of a few noted lube brands. With great success, it has done with the brand positioning of global brands.

It believes that the lube trade is not limited to business only, it’s a market.

As a watchdog, this portfolio has coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to publish different insights. Currently, a dedicated team is working closely on this concept.

This portfolio exclusively publishes market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts by nature.

Also, it publishes articles on the automotive sector.

Bangladesh Lube Market Database

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database

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Bangladesh Lube Market
Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database

Anyone active in business needs unyielding knowledge and information in the form of market insights. Zulker Naeen, as a portfolio supervisor of “Bangladesh Lubricants Market”, provides the latest information through an industry-leading document database.

The exclusive documents are an invaluable argumentation and decision-making resource for manufacturers, distributors, investors, and anyone interested in developments in the growing lubricants sector. 

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database
Valvoline Full Synthetic High Mileage 5W-20

Current reporting styles are now out of the ark. Existing reports talk more, give fewer insights. From their write-ups, it’s rare to get a real-time picture over the market.

That is why, the portfolio of “Bangladesh Lubricants Market”, loves to argue with the newspapers reports they publish.

Here is Zulker Naeen. This identity is neither an individual observer nor a writer. Rather, it is a portfolio over Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database.

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database

This portfolio exclusively publishes more insightful news and views on this market.

It has already included more than 100 articles.

Recently, consecutive news reports identified the growth of “Bangladesh Lubricants Market” like an exponential one.

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database
Valvoline Advanced Full Synthetic 0W-20 Motor Oil
Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database

It has worked as a campaigner of a few noted lube brands. With great success, it has done with the brand positioning of global brands in this uncontrolled market.

It believes that the lube trade is not limited to business only, it’s a market.

As a watchdog, this portfolio has coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to publish different insights.

Currently, a dedicated team is conducting various researches on this concept.

This portfolio exclusively publishes market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts by nature.

Also, it publishes articles on the automotive sector.

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Database

Bangladesh’s lubricants market database records 100 document

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Bangladesh Lubricants Economy
Bangladesh's lubricants market database records 100 document

Anyone active in the lubricants sector needs solid knowledge and information in the form of market insights and reports. Zulker Naeen provides this information through an industry-leading document database. The exclusive documents are an invaluable argumentation and decision-making resource for manufacturers, distributors, investors, institutions and anyone interested in developments in the growing lubricants sector.

The Zulker Naeen already included its 100 documents.

“Lubricants Economy of Bangladesh”

This report helps investors to understand the viability of the lubricants market. It also assesses the prevailing value chain and provides recommendations for the private sector, improves investors access to finance for end-users.

Bangladesh's lubricants market database records 100 document

Zulker Naeen is a campaigner of Bangladesh Lubricants Market

Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner of Bangladesh Lubricants Market. It is more than a portfolio which is working closely on this market for the last four years.

His portfolio usually publishes key insights on the lubricants market of Bangladesh.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio delivers the critical factors behind the market — so that you can update yourself for your business.

Unless the development of a strategy of change involves people from across your community — then it is unlikely to be robust.

Automotive Engine Oil
Bangladesh lubricants market

That is why to shift public attitudes this portfolio may help you a lot to know details about the market.

Zulker Naeen is beyond a self-published media, which exclusively publishes more insightful news and views on this market.

It has already published more than 100 articles on this market.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make this trade “Bangladesh Lubricants Market” unaddressed to the public.

That is why this portfolio has taken the responsibility to be a mouthpiece of this market. Now those who rely on market development are working together for this portfolio.   

This portfolio believes that lubricants trade in Bangladesh is not limited to business only, it’s a market.

During this four-year concentration, Zulker Naeen is monitoring this market, not as an individual, rather than a team.

As a watchdog, this portfolio has worked as an individual campaigner of various noted brands in this market. With great success, it has done with the brand positioning of global brands in this uncontrolled market.

This portfolio has coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to publish different insights on this growing market.

Currently, a dedicated team is conducting various researches on lubricants shelves of the retailer shops and automotive workshops.

We know that the role of a campaigner is to achieve change. And yes, it is. As a strategy of this campaign — how we achieve change, the job for a campaigner is to take a lead on how you will achieve change.

Being the agent of change, the role of the campaigners is not just the market strategy and report writing.

The available articles by Zulker Naeen are emphasized to market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts by nature.

This platform also publishes the articles on the automotive sector amid the auto-components market.

As a part of this campaign, the aim of this portfolio is to achieve change among every acquaintance of this market.

Bangladesh's lubricants market database records 100 document

Is it growth?

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Zulker Naeen
Current status of Bangladesh engine oil market

Current status of Bangladesh engine oil market

So far, those we are engaged in engine oil trade is uttering the market is growing. The engine oil market is growing in terms of consumption. But as a market observer, we would like to argue with this statement you all in some extends.

Let’s talk a brief about the possible market size before.

Last year, the demand for total engine oil was around 160,000 tonnes. On a claim, the market growth is nearly 15% during the last three years.

The market has received a yearly 5% growth on an average during the last decade. The consumption of engine oil is likely to be around 165,000 tonnes for the year 2019, market insiders said.

Since 2009, the retail market of Tk 1,000 crore is now expected to be around Tk 3,000 crore this year, the growth analysis forecasted.

Is it growth?
Zulker Naeen

Articles by Zulker Naeen are now exclusive. 

Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner seeking to development of the engine oil market of Bangladesh.

He observed the growth of this market with his close eyes for the last four years. Recently, he started publishing his observations on this market as market insights.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio writes the factors behind the market — so that the marketer can update themselves.

His portfolio is neither a self-published media nor an individual brand.

You may get it as a mouthpiece which tries to publish every market insights you need.

Till now, it has published more than 100 articles.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make “Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” an unorganized trade.

So, this portfolio moved forward to be a representative of this market for its development.

Reports by Zulker Naeen are now exclusive

1
Zulker Naeen
All articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive

From now, all articles by Zulker Naeen are exclusive. Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner seeking to development of the engine oil market of Bangladesh.

He observed the growth of this market with his close eyes for the last four years. Recently, he started publishing his observations on this market as market insights.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio writes the factors behind the market — so that the marketer can update themselves.

His portfolio is neither a self-published media nor an individual brand.

You may get it as a mouthpiece which tries to publish every market insights you need.

Till now, it has published more than 100 articles.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make “Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” an unorganized trade.

So, this portfolio moved forward to be a representative of this market for its development.

Thanks to this portfolio that coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to evaluate the current status of an individual brand.

Currently, a dedicated team is involved in research on the existing lubricants shelves of the retailer shops.

There are many enthusiastic those who rely on market development are working together for this portfolio.  

As a watchdog, this portfolio is enriched one as has worked a lot like a strategic campaigner of various noted brands in Bangladesh.

It has done with the brand positioning of global brands here.

We know that the role of a campaigner is to achieve change. Being the agent of change, the role of this portfolio is not just preparing the market strategy or writing a report.

As a part of this campaign, Zulker Naeen’s portfolio represents “Bangladesh Engine Oil Market” to update you by publishing market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts.

This portfolio aims to achieve change among every acquaintance of this market.

Reports by Zulker Naeen are now exclusive

Bangladesh Tyre Market

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Tyre Market
Bangladesh Tyre Market

A forecast, Bangladesh’s tyre market will receive at around 9% annual growth until 2020, on the back of thriving automobile sales, ongoing improvements in public infrastructure, and growth-oriented government policies.

The country’s annual tyre sales are close to Tk 5,000 crore and two-wheeler, light automotive, commercial vehicle tyres account for the majority of the sales, according to industry insiders.

The market size of automotive tyres reached Tk 4,750 crore last year, up from about Tk 4,000 crore in 2017, Tk 3,000 crore in 2016, and Tk 1,500 crore in 2015, according to market players.

The commercial vehicle tyre segment dominates the industry with the market size standing at Tk 3,750 crore. At least 1.5 lakh pieces of commercial vehicle tyres were sold in 2018.

Besides, 1 lakh pieces of tyres used in private cars were sold last year amounting to Tk 1,000 crore, said Mohammed Shahidul Islam, chairman of HNS, an importer of Korean Hankook tyre brand. 

Two-wheeler is another prevailing tyre segment. Despite rising automobile sales, the replacement segment continues to lead the market too.

On the other hand, rural-based three-wheeler vehicles also grabbed a big chunk of the market.

Dhaka held a significant majority market share and hence emerged as the leading region in terms of tyre sales across Bangladesh.

Bangladesh now has emerged as a developing country, offering significant growth opportunities across diverse industry segments including automotive.

However, Bangladesh largely lacks in tyre manufacturing setups, which leads to tyre imports from other countries like China, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Japan due to a scarcity of raw materials, a lack of native tyre production units as well as skilled labour.

Bangladesh spends around Tk 1,000 crore to import more than 15 lakh pieces of tyres a year mainly from India, Japan and China, according to importers, distributors and sellers.

“The tyre market has been growing very fast for the last 10 years riding on the back of an increasing number of commercial vehicles,” said Nazrul Islam, general manager of Veloxo Trading Ltd, the sole importer of Indian tyre MRF.

In the commercial vehicle tyre segment, the MRF’s market share is 30%. Apollo controls 5% of the segment, Birla 10%, CEAT 3%, and Hankook 1%. The rest 51% is controlled by non-branded Chinese tyres.  

In the private car tyre segment, the combined share of Yokohama, Bridgestone and Toyo and Dunlop stand at about 70%. Maxxis owns 20% share, Hankook 2%, and non-branded Chinese tyres the rest 8%.

There have been more than 20 brands along with the local ones include Gazi Group, Apex Husain, Meghna Group and Rupsha Tyres. However, available local production only covers tyres for light trucks, microbuses, motorcycles, autorickshaws and easy bikes.

However, the scenario is expected to witness a paradigm shift in the coming years as several global leading tyre companies are gearing to set up manufacturing units in the country.

This reflects an opportunity for local companies to set up an indigenous manufacturing base in Bangladesh and also enables foreign players to set up their localized production facilities to capture a significant market. Few global tyre giants have started their manufacturing units on a small scale.

Bangladesh Tyre Market

Ride-sharing and rising motorbike industry

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Ride sharing
Ride-sharing and rising motorbike industry

Introduction of ride-sharing services in Dhaka in recent years has contributed a lot to a rise in demand for motorbikes.

Due to the absence of proper traffic management and adequate public transport facilities, Dhaka city dwellers continue to endure traffic jams.

Traffic congestion, according to the World Bank, eats up 3.2 million working hours per day in Dhaka and average traffic speed has dropped from 21kmph to 7kmph in the last 10 years.

With the rise of traffic congestion in Dhaka, the number of ride-sharing services involving bikes also saw a gradual rise in the last three years.

Terming introduction of ride-sharing service as one of the main reasons behind the influx of motorbikes in the city.

According to Bangladesh Road Transport Authority, total 1,04,064 motorcycles were registered in Dhaka in 2018 while the number was 75,251 in 2017 and 53,738 in 2016.

However, motorbike and ride-sharing services have brought some relief to this situation. It has also created employment opportunities for motorcycle riders.

Ride-sharing services were launched in 2015, and over two dozen service providers are now available in the city.

Last year, the cabinet approved the “Ride-sharing Service Guidelines 2017” to bring the companies under regulation.

Overview: Bangladesh Motorcycle Industry

Here the motorcycle industry is growing with exponential growth.

Besides faster mobility, rising income, a steady growth of the economy and favourable government policies that encourage local production are contributing to this prosperous market.

“The motorcycle market is estimated to sell approximately 6 lakh units by the end of 2019,” informs Subrata Ranjan Das, Executive Director, ACI Motors Ltd.

Market insiders said around 5 lakh motorcycles were sold in FY2018-19, up 25% from 4 lakh a year ago. It means nearly 1,500 motorcycles are being purchased every day.

Assuming the price of a motorbike is Tk 100,000 on average, total market size in monetary terms would be around Tk 5,000 crore, which is almost equivalent to the four-wheeler market.

This growing demand has encouraged market players to set up either manufacturing facilities or assembling plants to grab the market share.

Around 80% of motorcycles running in the country have either been locally manufactured or assembled.

Brands like Bajaj, TVS and Hero are dominating in the pace, but other players such as Runner, Honda, Yamaha, Suzuki and Mahindra are also making a mark.

Sector players said annual sales would cross 15 lakh units by 2025.

Ride-sharing and rising motorbike industry

Vehicle tracking system is an opportunity in Bangladesh

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Vehicle Tracking
Vehicle tracking system is an opportunity in Bangladesh

Most of us spend a huge amount of money in managing transportation. Every day you meet with unexpected incidents which highlight the importance of safe transportation. With the introduction of the vehicle tracking system, you can keep an eye over your fleet.

You can also receive alerts and take appropriate action in situations where drivers unintentionally unplug the tracker. This will help you to have complete control over the system.

The vehicle tracking system is a combination of technologies to know the real-time position of a vehicle or to log a history of where a vehicle has been. This system is being used for stolen vehicle recovery strategies mostly.

It also includes fleet management, tracking various assets, management of service personnel, mobile sales and surveillance.

The private sector has already adopted the vehicle tracking system for overall fleet management and to improve operational efficiency.

Why the use of vehicle tracking system is on the rise?

The number of passenger cars and commercial vehicles is on the rise. So, the vehicle tracking system is eyeing growth in this disputed market.

The number of motorcycles is also growing. The market size would grow to 10 lakh units within three to four years.

Around 10% of passenger cars are using the vehicle tracking system in Dhaka. And it is growing.

Companies have already adopted vehicle tracking as a part of its fleet management, which is growing significantly.

In our country too, the vehicle tracking market is estimated to foster over owing to rising safety and security awareness, particularly in the corporate sector.

Why vehicle tracking is an opportunity?

Currently, the market size for reconditioned cars is around Tk 5,000 cr. with a yearly 15% to 20% growth.

The modified hybrid cars and ride-sharing services are eyeing growth.

And, hybrid car accounts for 12% of the total reconditioned cars.

Significantly, the ride-sharing industry has made up around 23% of the transportation and has barely made a dent in the overall automotive industry.

Accordingly, a synergy between telecommunications and information technology has introduced the next generation solutions, enabling the improved efficiency in the transportation system.

Additionally, the sales of commercial vehicles in Bangladesh, the vehicle tracking market will gain higher momentum.

Commercial vehicles grew 15% every year over the last decade.

The government has the opportunity to play a crucial part in boosting the market, with its pipeline projects of equipping public transports system with Vehicle tracking via GPS.

Why reconditioned car market will rise in Bangladesh?

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Passenger Car
Why reconditioned car market will rise in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is mainly dependent on reconditioned cars as such cars are economically viable for most of the middle class.

Is this only reason, that reconditioned car will lead the pace with continuous growth?

Currently, the market size for reconditioned cars is around Tk. 3,750 crores. The size of the market is increasing by 4% every year, according to the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers’ and Dealers’ Association (Barvida).

What are the advantages of reconditioned cars compared to brand new ones?

Firstly, around 90% of reconditioned cars are imported from Japan. A car which has already been used in Japan has better quality and is proven to be strong.

“The car now we are importing from Japan is the home car. These cars are trouble-free to maintain,” said Habib Ullah Dawn, president of the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers’ and Dealers’ Association (Barvida).   

Secondly, reconditioned cars provide the same facilities as a new car but at a much lower price.

Finally, the resale value of a reconditioned car is comparatively higher than that of a brand-new car.

That is why around 90% of car users prefer reconditioned cars in Bangladesh.

People think a recon car causes more pollution than the brand-new car. Is it true at all? 

Habib Ullah Dawn said, “We mostly imports reconditioned cars from Japan, which is around 95% of the total reconditioned car. Japanese are more concern about pollution and they put the anti-pollution device into our cars to reduce pollution.”

“We have already compared a five-year-old Japanese reconditioned and brand-new neighbouring car. It has proven that the neighbouring brand new cars pollute environment more than the reconditioned one,” he added.

The public demand is growing rapidly. This coupled with the lack of proper public transportation has seen a massive spike in the sale of reconditioned, cost-effective cars in Bangladesh.

Moreover, the reconditioned car market has considered as a growing industry, also generates thousands of crores of revenue for the government each year.

On behalf of the market, the association, Barvida has paid about 3730 crore Taka as a return last year.

Why reconditioned car market will rise in Bangladesh?

Overview on Bangladesh Bicycle Market

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Bicycle Market
Overview on Bangladesh Bicycle Market

Bicycle is one of our light engineering export industry contributing about 0.24% to total export.

It is about 12% of the country’s total engineering exports. On average, about 1 million bicycles are exported per year.

The available report claims, Bangladesh is now the 3rd largest non-EU exporter of bicycles to the EU and the 8th largest exporter globally.

How Bangladesh entered into this opportunistic market?

This success, recent growth is linked to GSP protection in exporting to the EU and penalty imposed on China, the world’s largest bicycle manufacturer.

The imposition of anti-dumping on China 48.5% now, by the European Bicycle Manufacturing Association, has created that opportunity for Bangladesh to enter the EU market.

Availability of low wage labour has given Bangladesh a competitive edge over other countries such as China, Taiwan, and Europe in manufacturing bicycles.

Currently, Bangladesh export bicycles to 18 countries, mostly to the European Union (EU) market especially UK, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Greece, Ireland, Belgium, Denmark, Australia, Portugal, Russia, and India.

This industry is now comprised of three major active manufacturers and two of them are export-oriented only. However, there are several assemblers and manufacturers of parts and spares.

Meghna Group is the leading at this pace. Alita Bangladesh, a Taiwan based company is the second-largest exporters. Pran– RFL Group is the latest entry more focused on the local demand.

We have experienced steady growth in exporting bicycles; however, we cannot compete with their foreign competitors as we have to import the majority of the raw materials.

How can Bangladesh’s bicycle industry grow more?

Bicycle is an emerging export sector with a huge potential in the global market which is expected to grow to $34.9 billion by 2022.

We can easily increase our market share by taking domestic preparations given the scope in the Western market. The investors need supports, especially conducive environment for the growth of the sector.

Also, we need to focus on the bottlenecks that affect the competitiveness of the bicycles sector.

We should focus on is the export-oriented original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).  We know, the production cost in the export-oriented OEMs is dominated by parts and components, most of which are imported.

We should build a solid link with the domestic market too as it is growing.

By activating these critical policy levers and attracting investment, and gradually reducing the quality gap between the domestic and export markets, we could see a positive impact on exports and employment in our bicycle sector.        

Overview on Bangladesh Bicycle Market

BPC to treble the country’s crude oil refining capacity

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Crude Oil
BPC to treble the country’s crude oil refining capacity

Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation is expected to treble the country’s crude oil refining capacity to 4.5 million tonnes from the existing 1.5 million tonnes.

The consortium led by Technip, the country’s sole refinery, having the crude oil refinery capacity of 1.5 Mtpa in port city Chattogram.

Now, Sinopec is going to team up with French company Technip to jointly build a new 3.0 million tonnes per year capacity crude oil refinery worth US$1.15 billion.

Currently, Bangladesh imports annually around 7.50 million tonnes of crude and refined petroleum products combined to meet local demand.

Once implemented, the new refinery could help the country save $220 million every year. The refinery could enable the country to process any kind of crude oil and it might put Bangladesh on the path to becoming a refined petroleum product exporting country.

BPC already purchased land from the Ministry of Industries for Tk 2.30 billion for the refinery.

Sinopec has already completed preliminary negotiations with Technip to build a consortium for the construction of the proposed refinery, according to Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC).

Technip already submitted the necessary technical and financial documents to build the refinery.

Nepal has already shown interest to import refined petroleum products from Bangladesh and agreed to ink a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in this regard.

Surplus finished petroleum products can be exported to Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Myanmar and the north-eastern parts of India as well.

Earlier, the crude oil refinery project with of 1.5 Mtpa capacity was planned in 2015. An MOU between BPC and Technip was inked on November 11, 2015. But it did not get pace due to non-assurance of funding.

The BPC later decided to build it with own fund having support from the government to give momentum to the project works.

Later, the BPC on January 18, 2017, assigned Technip to carry out the front-end engineering and design (FEED) for the proposed refinery at a cost of US$ 32.10 million.

Technip has submitted the final FEED over the refinery project, which has also been reviewed and accepted by the BPC.

Sinopec has forecasted on the growing lubricants market and the opportunity to be a refined petroleum product exporting country in Bangladesh.

BPC to treble the country’s crude oil refining capacity

Zulker Naeen is a campaigner of Bangladesh Lubricants Market

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Zulker Naeen
Zulker Naeen is a campaigner of Bangladesh Lubricants Market

Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic campaigner seeking to development of the lubricants market of Bangladesh.

He has observed this growing market closely for the last four years. Recently, he started publishing his observations on this market as market insights.

As an individual campaigner, his portfolio writes the factors behind the market — so that the marketer can update themselves.

Apparently, his portfolio is neither a self-published media nor an individual brand.

Here, you may get it as a mouthpiece which tries to publish every market insights you really need.

Market Researcher
Zulker Naeen is an enthusiastic Market Researcher

Till now, it has published more than 100 articles.

However, the lack of market research and least reporting make “Bangladesh Lubricants Market” an unorganized trade.

That is why this portfolio moved forward to be a representative of this market for its development.

So, thanks to this portfolio that coined the term ‘lubricants shelves of Bangladesh’ to evaluate the current status of an individual brand.

Currently, a dedicated team is involved in research on the existing lubricants shelves of the retailer shops.

So far, there are many enthusiastic those who rely on market development are working together for this portfolio.   

As a watchdog, this portfolio is a rich one as has worked a lot like a strategic campaigner of various noted brands in Bangladesh.

Also, It has done with the brand positioning of global brands here.

Moreover, we know that the role of a campaigner is to achieve change. Being the agent of change, the role of this portfolio is not just preparing the market strategy or writing a report.

As a part of this campaign, Zulker Naeen’s portfolio represents “Bangladesh Lubricants Market” to update you by publishing market insights, current market trends, and market forecasts.

Consequently, as a part of this campaign, the aim of this portfolio is to achieve change among every acquaintance of this market.

Zulker Naeen is a campaigner of Bangladesh Lubricants Market

Bangladesh Motorcycle Market Outlook 2019-2021

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Bangladesh Motorcycle Oil
Bangladesh Motorcycle Market Outlook 2019-2021

Bangladesh Motorcycle Market has posted 24% year-on-year growth and this market would grow about 30% in 2019.

This market is set to be around 6 lakh units by the end of 2019 because of price cuts, increasing purchasing capacity and thrust for faster mobility.

The market began to expand fast since fiscal 2016-17. The reduction in supplementary duty on motorcycle parts import has reduced the overall cost of manufacturing motorcycle, cutting down the price of locally manufactured motorcycles in Bangladesh.

 The popularity of ride-sharing apps is another catalyst to this growth.

The government also framed the National Motorcycle Industry Development Policy 2018 with a view to diversifying the country’s manufacturing and exports and creating jobs.

This policy is to increase manufacturing of motorcycle in Bangladesh to 0.5 million by 2021.

According to ACI Motors, which markets the Yamaha-branded two-wheelers, about 4.80 lakh units of bikes were sold in 2018.

The highest growth took place in the 150cc segment, followed by 110cc ones.

Overall, the market is expected to be close to 6 lakh units by the end of 2019.

The reason for the optimism is that motorcycles became more affordable thanks to local manufacturing by most of the brands.

The annual market size would grow to 10 lakh units within three to four years.

The government has set a target to increase the capacity of yearly motorcycle production to 1 million in 2027 which will also create employment opportunities for 15 lakh people.

The lack of vendor development for manufacturing required components and supply of those to manufacturers are the key restrains to this growth.

Indian brands are a real threat for local manufacturers because Indian brands hold lions’ share of the market.

As the manufacturing cost of the motorcycle is reduced and demand growing fast, foreign brands have a strong motive to establish the plant in Bangladesh which will allow customers to have a quality motorcycle with lower price.

The industry is yet to reach full potential. Adequate infrastructure and policy continuation by the government is necessary for the sector.

Bangladesh Motorcycle Market Outlook 2019-2021

India may turn to Bangladesh to clear BS IV stock

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Motorcycle Oil
India may turn to Bangladesh to clear BS IV stock

BS VI norms may drive the leading motorcycle manufacturer of India to export the existing stock of BS 4 two-wheelers to neighbouring countries.

BS VI emission norms, while a step in the right direction for dealing with India’s gravely serious pollution problem, has faced a lot of challenges for automakers in India.

While motorcycle manufacturers contend with the challenge of upgrading the high cost of upgrading their diesel engines, two-wheeler manufacturers also have some challenges to deal with.

To comply with BS VI, the leading motorcycle manufacturers had to hike their investments to upgrade existing models.

The number of product launches has declined in the past year.

Firms are looking at products that won’t need many changes before the new norms take effect.

Two- and four-wheeler makers have pulled capacity expansion plans, as they expect demand to fall.

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd and Hero MotoCorp Ltd have been impacted the most, given that their product portfolio is large compared to the competition.

Among other things, they have to deal with their massive inventories of BS IV models and word has it that Hero MotoCorp may have found a resolution — exports.

Reports claim that the largest two-wheeler manufacturer in India is contemplating exporting its existing stock of BS 4 two-wheelers to neighbouring countries, including Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, before BS VI norms kick in on 1 April 2020.

Now, more than 1,000 motorcycles are being sold daily. It was just half of the daily sales five years ago, according to data collected from industry insiders.

The motorcycle population has grown 17 times faster than the passenger cars, driven mainly by its rising demand.

Also, operators predict that the market would grow many folds in the next two-three years mostly because of the favourable policy and tariff structure that encourages assembling, leading to eventual manufacturing.

The BS IV stocks can reportedly be sold in the aforementioned countries with ease – a better option as compared to the prospect of the unsold stock in India eventually being scrapped.

The company is of the opinion that exporting vehicles will enable it to relieve its existing inventory in the domestic market.

Besides helping with the inventory, this strategy will allow Hero to improve exports revenue as the demand and sales in India continue to observe a slump.

Hero MotoCorp exported over 2x units in May as compared to its exports in April.

The company now intends to further increase exports from the current 3% to 10% over the next few years.

BS IV standards were implemented with the goal of ensuring that these vehicles will generally be no more polluting than BS VI four-wheeled gasoline passenger vehicles.

On 19 Feb 2016, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards.

India may turn to Bangladesh to clear BS IV stock

Prospect on Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market

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Lubricants Market
Prospect on Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market

Globally, Asia Pacific accounts for the largest market for industrial lubricants due to the increased demand from the growing end-users’ sectors such as energy/power and manufacturing.

Especially India, China, Indonesia and Japan are the key markets. 

Growing industrialization coupled with the ever-increasing population drives the regional market growth.

In the Asia Pacific economies comprised of 45 countries, Bangladesh has been steadily building its economic strength and is now emerging as an attractive frontier growth market.

This presents a sizeable opportunity for organizations seeking to expand their global footprint and further establish a presence in the South Asia region.

According to the Asian Development Bank, Bangladesh has registered the fastest growth rate in the Asia Pacific.

Asian Development Outlook predicted that the growth will be 8% in the FY2019 and FY2020, terming it a new record.

It is predicted that Bangladesh will continue to be the fastest growing economy in the Asia-Pacific.

In recent years, Bangladesh industrial lubricants market has grown at a rapid pace. This industrial sector accounts for around 30% of the total lubricant consumption in Bangladesh.

With an estimated annual consumption of around 45,000 tonnes in 2018 that is projected to reach the 50,000 tonnes mark by 2020.

The growth of the power sector has got exposed recently because of the national agenda, which has also highlighted the industrial lubricants market.

It is not just in the power sector, but there is potential for an overall very good future for Bangladesh.

The demand from the industrial machinery and equipment application also accounts for a major market share and is driven by the power, manufacturing, logistics, automotive manufacturing, and others.

Cement, steel and fertilizer industries also consume a good amount of lubricants. The proportion of lubricant used by the industrial sector is expected to increase even more in the future as industries grow and the demand for lubricant to be used in this sector increases.

This market is categorized by hydraulic lubricants, compressor lubricants, gear lubricants, metalworking fluids and others types, and by the end-user, the categories are automotive, manufacturing, heavy- industries, power generation and others.

Prospect on Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market

Overview of Bangladesh Metalworking Fluid Market

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Bangladesh Metalworking Fluid Market

Last 5 years, the consumption of industrial lubricants oil has increased exponentially. Now, this sector accounts for 30% of the total lubricants consumption in Bangladesh.

Like China and India, increasing product manufacturers focus on setting up production facilities in Bangladesh on account of low initial investment and minimum labour charges, has opened this market.

Additionally, the regional market is comparatively irregulated, which shall be eventually fueling metalworking fluid demand across the region in the coming years.

However, metalworking fluid segment is an insignificant one, include a range of oils and other liquids that are used for lubricating or cooling metallic workpieces during industrial procedures such as machining, grinding, forging, stamping, and milling.

As metalworking fluids are used across a spectrum of manufacturing processes to cool or lubricate workpieces when they are being machined, they play a critical role in machining.

With the rapid growth in manufacturing activities in Bangladesh, the metalworking fluid industry is expected to ride the tide in the near future.

The auto sector would be another driver of metalworking fluid growth in the country.

Few auto manufacturing industries have already set up. More auto component production unit may run in Bangladesh.

The demand is expected to be driven by the future automotive sector for which the metalworking fluids are used during the manufacturing of automotive parts and other equipment.

Some other sectors are also adding to the demand rise.

The existing demand for metalworking fluids has been segmented based on end-use industry into transport equipment, primary ferrous, primary non-ferrous, machinery and metal fabrication industry.

The main industries linked with the assembling process and fabricated metal industries.

Metalworking fluids are segmented into four different product types, namely, removal fluids, forming fluids, protection fluids, and quenching fluids.

Removal fluids are currently dominating the existing market share and the dominance will continue due to the high use of coolants, cutting fluids, and grinding fluids during the various machine processes in manufacturing.

Future growth of the metal forming fluids depends on the growing steel industries in the coming years.

Overview of Bangladesh Metalworking Fluid Market

Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market Overview

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Bangladesh Lubricants
Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market Overview

Bangladesh industrial lubricants market is growing at a rapid pace.

Now, the industrial lubricant is the third-largest market after mineral-based lubricants markets and automotive lubricants market.

The growth of the power sector has got exposed recently because of the national agenda, which has highlighted the industrial lubricants market most.

Cement, steel and fertilizer industries also consume a good amount of lubricants. The proportion of lubricant used by the industrial sector is expected to increase even more in the future as industries grow and the demand for lubricant to be used in this sector increases.

Also, the growing industrial sector requires a greater import of efficient machinery to be used in the factories.

The demand from the industrial machinery and equipment application also accounts for a major market share and is driven by the end-user sectors such as power, manufacturing, logistics, automotive manufacturing, and others.

It is not just in the power sector, but there is potential for an overall very good future for Bangladesh.

With an estimated annual consumption of around 20 million litres in 2018 that is projected to reach the 25 million litres mark by 2020.

Lubricants consumption by the industrial sector has increased significantly in the last 5 years. This industrial sector accounts for around 30% of the total lubricant consumption in Bangladesh.

This market is categorized by hydraulic lubricants, compressor lubricants, gear lubricants, metalworking fluids and others types, and by the end-user, the categories are automotive, manufacturing, heavy- industries, power generation and others.

The market trends substantiating the regional market growth include rapid urbanization, industrialization and the increasing consumption of the product in the industrial sector.

However, Bangladesh has been steadily building its economic strength and is now emerging as an attractive frontier growth market in South Asia.

According to the Asian Development Bank, Bangladesh has registered the fastest growth rate in the Asia-Pacific economies comprised of 45 countries.  

Bangladesh Industrial Lubricants Market Overview

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Forecast 2019-2024

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Bangladesh Lubricants Market
Bangladesh Lubricants Market Forecast 2019-2024

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Research Report Forecast 2019-2024 has outlined the industry with the growing applications and industry chain structure.

This market is expected to register a CAGR of approximately 2.80% during the forecast period, 2019-2024.

The major factor driving the market studied is the continuous rise of construction activities in the country likely to drive the consumption of lubricants through the forecast period.

The construction activities accounted for a value of BDT 7,359.5 million in 2017-2018, witnessing an increase from BDT 6,659.1 million in 2016-2017.

In recent years, the construction sector’s contribution rose to 7.5% of total GDP in the 2017-2018 fiscal year from 7.36% in the 2016-2017 fiscal year.

Growing demand for engine oil

The demand for engine oils in Bangladesh has been rising steadily since the past five years, owing to the rapid growth in the sales of motor vehicles in the country.

Increase in the demand for automotive vehicles

Light motor vehicles and passenger cars are the fastest growing sectors, and they are also the largest consumer of lubricants in Bangladesh. Lubricants are used in automobiles in the form of engine oil, coolants brake oil, and other transmission oils.

The sales of the automotive vehicle have increased rapidly over a period of 2013-2017 and are expected to increase over the period of 2019-2024.

In 2017, according to the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), a total of 0.5 million vehicles were registered in Bangladesh.

Growing sales of new passenger vehicles

The sales of new passenger vehicles witnessed an increase of nearly 30% in 2016-17 (according to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers), and the growth is expected to continue further.

The per capita income of the citizens of Bangladesh is increasing steadily, in turn, leading to a rise in the living standards of the people, and thus, the demand for the automobiles is increasing.

Also, the sales of high-end cars have witnessed a massive surge in the country lately, with a growth rate of over 15% being recorded during 2015-18.

This, in turn, has spurred the consumption of semi-synthetic and synthetic engine oils in the country in recent times.

According to the World Bank Business report, High price of synthetic lubricants is expected to hinder the growth of the market to some extent.

Others

Additionally, the sectors, such as metalworking and construction, are also flourishing, which are supporting the increase in the demand for lubricants during the study period.

Bangladesh Lubricants Market Forecast 2019-2024

Why brand value works less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market?

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Brand Value
Why brand value works less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market?

In Bangladesh, brand value works less in the engine oil market, mostly in the regular trade, like agricultural needs, outdated vehicles and transports, and poor types of machinery.

The regular trade of these segments holds a major market share of the engine oil.

As a trade of the techno-commercial product, most companies had failed to create their brand value over the popular brands.

By nature, the companies are the authorized and exclusive distributors of the various trademark brands. We found they keep this trade as limited to the strategy in terms of pricing, and regular distribution policy rather than creating a brand engagement to the end users.

The trade always follows either the distribution-based or retailer-based marketing policy.

The conventional way of product marketing, agricultural-based oil demand, and the lack of awareness among the end-users are the key reasons too.

The market is growing to meet the demand from the increased motorization, industrial machinery and equipment application, driven by the power, manufacturing, logistics, automotive manufacturing, and others.

Now the distributors have many options to play with the existing brands in this saturated market. Every day they welcome the company representatives.

More than 100 brands and local oil trading companies exist in Bangladesh. So a market with numerous brands which is surprising, even many countries don’t allow many brands to exist.

That is why 65% of the market share belongs to several brands those are the various local and imported brands. And their individual market share is untraceable.

And it is the only country, where it is very easy to start importing brands from any corner of the world.

An open market economy always allows product brands to enter in any trade to grab the market share.

However, the market players should concentrate on the overall market scenario to regulate it to make it business- friendly for the future. The more open this market, more unregulated market it is.

Why brand value works less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market?

Construction Lubricants Market is Growing in Bangladesh

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Construction World
Construction Lubricants Market is Growing in Bangladesh

Growing construction activities are to drive the overall consumption of construction lubricants in Bangladesh during the forecast period.

Bangladesh is the fourth fastest growing economy worldwide, with GDP of Bangladesh experiencing a continuous rise since the past 5 years, and this is expected to continue during the next five years.

The domestic and foreign investments in the construction industry have been consistently growing over the past decade in the region, which is fueling the growth of the construction lubricants market.

The Bangladesh lubricants market is expected to register a CAGR of 3.01% over the forecast period, 2019-2024. The major factor which is driving the market studied is the increasing construction activities in the country.

In recent years, the construction activities in Bangladesh are increasing, owing to the growing per capita income and rising living standard of the consumers in the country.

Major economies, like China, India, Japan, Korea, and the United States are keen to invest in the infrastructure sector of Bangladesh, owing to its good land to water connectivity, port operations, and other factors leading Bangladesh to be a strategic location to carry out business.

According to the World Bank Business report, Bangladesh has improved its ranking in terms of ease of doing business in the construction sector.

The construction activities accounted for a value of BDT 7,359.5 million in 2017-2018 (~USD 86.93 million), witnessing an increase from BDT 6,659.1 million (~USD78.66 million) in 2016-2017.

In recent years, the contribution of the construction sector towards the country’s GDP has been rising at a significant rate. Construction sector’s contribution rose to 7.5% of total GDP in the 2017-2018 fiscal year from 7.36% in the 2016-2017 fiscal year.

Thus, the growing construction activities in the country are likely to drive the consumption of lubricants through the forecast period.

Even, the global construction lubricants market is projected to reach USD 15.64 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 4.37% during the forecast period.

Heavy-duty industrial applications to drive construction lubricants

Construction lubricants are a type of lubricants used to reduce friction between moving parts or surfaces and to enhance the efficiency of the machines used in the construction industry.

In heavy-duty industrial applications such as those found on construction sites, a high-performance lubricant can have a significant impact on operational success.

From bulldozers, dump trucks and draglines to scrapers and shovels, all construction equipment is subject to harsh conditions. Exposure to extreme cold or heat, moisture, dust and dirt can hurt lubricant performance and lead to premature equipment failure.

Heavy-duty equipment used in the construction of streets, highways, bridges and buildings is subject to extreme environmental conditions.

Construction Lubricants Market is Growing in Bangladesh

Automotive To Dominate Bangladesh Lubricants Market

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Automotive Engine Oil
Bangladesh lubricants market

The Bangladesh lubricants market is expected to register a CAGR of 3.01% over the forecast period, 2019-2024. One of the key factors which are driving the market studied is the growing demand for new motor vehicles in the country.

In 2018, the automotive and other transportation has dominated in this market, and it is expected to grow during the forecast period.

Mostly because of the rise of the overall automotive sector, the engine oil market has grown up around 10% to 12% in the last three years.

This automotive and other transportation segment is likely to dominate the market during this meanwhile.

Now, the automotive industry in Bangladesh is considered as the third largest in South Asia.

Bangladesh is anticipating a rise in the demand for motorized vehicles. Until July 2018, 282,354 vehicles were registered against the 420,398 vehicles registered in 2017.

In 2016, a total of 0.42 million vehicles were registered in Bangladesh, up 31.25% from a year earlier, according to the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority.

Bangladesh imports $2.01 billion worth of vehicles including motorbikes, trucks, passenger vehicles and small pick-ups in the year 2017.

The demand for automobiles in Bangladesh is $2.5 billion, according to data from the Bangladesh Investment Development Authority.

Lubricants are used in automotive for various applications, such as the engine, brake systems, fuel systems, transmission manufacturing, steering systems, exhaust systems, and many others.

Besides, the lubricants in marine transportation are used to dissipate heat, for reducing friction, and combat wear and tear between the surfaces of two moving components.

Additionally, lubricants help fight corrosion and rust in the engine, whether it’s an aviation engine or a wheel turning on a car.

Although the sales of new vehicles have been decreasing in the country for the past three years, the sales of used cars have increased significantly in the country, thereby driving the demand for automotive lubricants.

At least 35,000 units of commercial vehicles such as bus, truck, auto-rickshaw, cargo van, human-haulier, pickup and tanker have been sold last year.

The automotive industry in Bangladesh is dominated by imports of new vehicles, mostly by Japan, China, and India on a large scale and a few from Europe and the United States.

Moreover, Bangladesh is anticipating a growth in the aviation market, with the 170 million population increasing the use of the aerial route for travel, owing to the growing middle-class income.

Due to this, air travel is increasing in the country, which in turn is leading to the market growth for aviation lubricants.

The demand for engine oils will keep rising with the increasing automotive vehicles, which in turn will increase the market for lubricants in Bangladesh.

Looking into Future Automotive Lubricants Market

The future of the lubricants market is more linked with the overall automobile market of Bangladesh. So the forecasts of the automotive segment may provide complete market research on the automotive engine oil market too.

Key trends driving the business in the Bangladesh automotive sector along with potential challenges confronted by players across the industry have to be discovered.

Automotive To Dominate Bangladesh Lubricants Market

Brand Value Works Less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market

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Engine Oil Market
Brand Value Works Less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market

Brand value works less in the engine oil market of Bangladesh. Is it really true? 

We have observed this market for a long and tried to understand its nature. The answer could be a simple one that the open market is the main reason behind this status, which is literally saturated one.

The conventional way of product marketing, agricultural-based oil demand, and the lack of awareness among the end-users are the key reasons too.

As a trade of the techno-commercial product, most new entrants had failed to create their brand value over the popular brands.

We found the marketers has accepted this trade as limited to the strategy in terms of pricing, and regular distribution policy rather than creating a brand engagement to the end users. 

Demand is growing here to meet the requirement from the increased motorization, industrial machinery and equipment application, driven by the power, manufacturing, logistics, automotive manufacturing, and others.

Is this growing demand is ensuring the actual growth of the market?

A competitive market always allows product brands to enter in any trade to grab the market share. However, dealing with a saturated market like Bangladesh is really difficult.

Let’s come to the point. How many engine oil brands exist in Bangladesh? It is more than 100. But, how many of them are globally recognized?

“We are very much surprised seeing so many brands in Bangladesh, even in India we don’t have too many brands,” said Kaushik Mazumder, national sales manager to Veedol Lubricants in Bangladesh.

However, global brands like Mobil, Shell, Castrol, and BP who entered earlier in Bangladesh are enjoying around 35% of the total market share.

Rest 65% of the market belongs to those struggling brands and their individual market share is untraceable.

How this market can hold a lot of brands? It is as because of the lacks of the proper trade union as well as the lacks of proper monitoring.

That is why this market turns into a volatile one as it is easy to start importing brands from any corner of the world.

The entry of a new brand has a barely visible impact on the market.

Recently, the market-insiders have brought out a concerning message for the recognized brands. And their statement is that existing trademark brands are losing 5% of its lubricant shelves every month.

The market players should concentrate on the overall market scenario to regulate it to make it business- friendly for the future. The more open this market, more unregulated market it is.

Brand Value Works Less in Bangladesh Engine Oil Market

Is Engine Oil Market Growing In Bangladesh?

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Lubricants Market Of Bangladesh
Is Engine Oil Market Growing In Bangladesh?

Currently, the engine oil market of Bangladesh is a hostile one. Those oil players have established their footholds already here, with international brands; are struggling to sustain their market share.

Recently, the markets insiders have brought out a concerning message for the brands those who are concern about their shelves.

Their statement is that existing trademark brands are losing 5% of its lubricant shelves every month in Bangladesh.

With more than a hundred brands on the shelf, this market is growing steadily.

Last year, the demand for the total engine oil market was around 160,000 tonnes.

The Daily Star, a reputed newspaper of Bangladesh reported that the engine oil market has grown at nearly 15% during the last three years.

Also, we observed that lubricants consumption has increased by 60% during the last nine years, where the market has received around 5% to 6% annual growth.

Market Insiders assumed that engine oil consumption likely to be around 165,000 tonnes for the year 2019.

The demand from the industrial machinery, equipment application, and the growing motorization rate is the key to this demand which will, in turn, increase the demand for base oil.

Also, the growing industrial sector requires a greater import of efficient machinery to be used in the factories. Various automotive vehicles in the transport sector require lubricants too, which come from base oil.

The value of this base oil market is around $152 million.

Therefore, the base oil demand is expected to witness steady growth in Bangladesh. And the market size is expected to increase due to these factors amid its economic growth.

To review that assumption, we have talked with several oil brands and tried to find out the exact market size of this growing market.

Most of them agreed with that forecast; however, few marketers are expected that the market would be 175,000 tonnes by the year 2018-2019.

In an interview, Syed Nazib M Rahman, Director to Runner Lube and Energy Limited, said “Last five years, Bangladesh engine oil market has a growth of around 15-17%. We are expected to the growth would be even more than 15% in the next five years as the economy is growing.”

Also, our interviews with the brand persons in the 14th Dhaka Motor Show 2019 has revealed, that the automotive oil segment should bring to control.

The market is being saturated because of the regular entrance of the by-name brands.

And those brands are not maintaining this trade according to the lubricant norms in comparison to the trademarks.

In this backdrop, Mr Nazib said “Overall Bangladesh Lubricants Market is saturated, especially in the automotive segment. The industrial segment is coherent with lubricants manner.”

Many trademark brand marketers asserted that we all together should know the real trade of lubricants with a standard manner; the market would not be over saturated.

Market insiders think lack of govt. intervention on the policy to monitor this trade make this market uncontrolled one.

And it is high time to bring strong regulations to change this prevailing situation and help the industries and also protect the environment in the process.

Is Engine Oil Market Growing In Bangladesh?

Substandard Product Causes Sales Drop of Popular Oil Brands

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Engine Oil
Substandard engine oil causes sales drop of popular brands

The sale of substandard engine oils, especially by the names of popular brands, continues with the authorities taking no steps to check the unscrupulous business by a section of oil traders.

Widespread irregularities have pushed down the engine oil sales of popular brands by 12% in 2016-17.

Few private refineries are illegally involved in blending such sub-standard oils in this market.

Sources said that engine oils are adulterated in two ways. Mostly, unscrupulous traders mix paraffine with recycled oils collected from the marine and various manufacturing industries.

Sometimes, they use kerosene oil to adulterate the engine oils.

Only for the low prices, these least quality lubricants have been swayed by the market. However, the use of recycled base oil is harmful to the lifetime of the vehicle engine.

Many drivers of buses, trucks, and motorbikes are facing trouble with their engine after using sub-standard products from unreliable sources.

We have talked with several filling stations at Baghabarighat in Shahzadpur union of Sirajganj district. They said the drivers are more willing to use lower-priced engine oil.

That is why the local filling stations are more interested to sell those less priced engine oil. They are not concern about the quality of the engine oil.

On the other hand, no administration is solely responsible for controlling this adulteration rather than a few raids by the special mobile court. There are no visible activities of any institutions in checking the malpractice.

Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) is aware of this illicit practice but they are yet to permanently stop the trade of impure engine oil sold throughout the nations.

“Few raids by the special magistrate court has somewhat decreased the adulteration of engine oils. Still, this trend of illegal oil manufacturing continues and the original brands are facing troubles in the market,” BPC officials said.

The government should strictly monitor all of the private oil blending plants and its distribution policy.

Substandard Product Causes Sales Drop of Popular Oil Brands

LEAB Organised Second Official Iftar Program

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Lubricants Market
Lubricant Employee's Association of Bangladesh

Lubricant Employee’s Association of Bangladesh has organized its second official iftar program followed by a discussion at renowned Hotel Progoti Inn in Dhaka on May 18, 2019.

Most senior officials of the companies, including the sales and marketing personnel of the renowned lubricants brands, were present in this program.

Other merchants, importers, retailers associated with this lubricants market were present too.

Ripon Sheikh Zayed, chairman of Lubricant Employees Association of Bangladesh (LEAB) has given his welcome speech on the occasion.

After this iftar party, the prominent sales head of various brands has shared their experience and gave a guideline for the development of the market.

Ariful Haque Nahid, general secretary of Lubricant Employees Association of Bangladesh (LEAB) gave his opinion about the role of the association.

He said, there are many difficulties exist in our lubricant trade in the market. We are trying to overcome those barriers on behalf of the association.

“We are also trying to organize the training sessions for the freshers who are recently joined in lubricant sector” he also said.

In the event, the association members have worked on the next year’s organization’s action plan.

All of the members have come to consent, they are more willing to work in the development of the owners and sales-force for the development of the lubricants market.

LEAB Organised Second Official Iftar Program

Mono-grade Oil Demand Controls The Market

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Engine Oil
Bangladesh Engine Oil Market

Rest of the world is moving towards the lighter viscosity multi-grade oil, where the major market share of our country is controlled by the mono-grade oil. However, the demand and acceptance of multi-grade oil is growing in the automotive sector. 

The mono-grade engine oil holds the major market share of Bangladesh. Around 70% of the purpose of automotive and agricultural machinery needs are met by mono-grade oil.

The agriculture-based economy, outdated public transport, and the industry standard keep roles for the mono-grade oil market.

The agricultural pump-sets, shallow machines, second-hand machinery, local transports, and the repair industry are the key users of this single-grade oil.

The demand for agricultural lubricants in our country is expected to grow at 12-15% between the periods of 2018 to 2023.

SAE 40 and SAE 50 mono-grade oils are highly-sold agricultural lubricants in rural areas.

However, the mono-grade oil, especially for the multi-purpose use, as well as the agricultural machinery, has made this market a significant one.

The provision of subsidy for agricultural machinery and the increased mechanization in the agricultural industry are the key drivers of this oil segment.

In 2009, the government took up a Tk 150 crore scheme to speed up farm mechanization by offering 25% subsidy for agricultural types of machinery such as power tillers, tractors, power threshers and combine harvesters.

However, the key restraints are the availability of recycled oils in the market. And the lack of knowledge among small-scale farmers is also a concern.

Many unscrupulous businessmen are involved in recycled oil trade causes the availability of lower-standard barrel products.

Recycled lubricants can be harmful in the harsh environmental and operating conditions – such as cold, heat, dirt and water – that can be detrimental to a lubricant’s performance in your equipment.

Farmers and other agricultural customers with automatic lubrication systems to ensure that their equipment is lubricated with the right lubricants, in the right amount, at the right intervals.

Above all, most users are not aware of quality oils.

Recent years, the number of local oil marketers has been increased dramatically. They are the floating businessmen who deal in this market beyond the value chain.

Most floating marketers trade on the barrel oil especially works with mono-grade oil by a different local name.

Mono-grade Oil Demand Controls The Market

Base Oil Industry Trends and Future Market

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Zulker Naeen
Base Oil Industry Trends and Future Market

A discussion on overall trends, as a whole, the base oil industry is both growing and improving. While the demand for Group I base oils low, Group II and Group III demand grew at a high rate over the last ten years.

The majority believe that the base oil industry has grown in the past ten years, and most believe the industry will continue to grow in the next ten years.

APAC is particularly likely to believe the industry grew 73% and will grow 74% in the future.

A global survey has concluded that Group II and Group III usage will rise by 41% and 38% while Group I usage is expected to fall by 28% by 2030.

The ExxonMobil Basestocks 2018 Industry Pulse Report has surveyed 306 base oil decision makers from the industries: Additive manufacturers, lubricants manufacturers, industry association, and the equipment manufacturers.

The survey interviewed at least 100 respondents from APAC, The Americas, and EMEA to ensure results encompassed a global perspective.

The survey by ExxonMobil found that 65% of companies are already using Group I base stocks at lower levels than previous years.

Among the reasons given for the shift were, Group II and III oils are more likely to help meet regulations; that they are used more frequently across 77% of industries, and they are likely to save 73% of costs.

Additionally, the survey found that respondents expect Group III oils to become the most commonly used grade within 10 years.

Nearly 65% of respondents for the study believed that the decline of Group I will significantly impact the market.

50% of respondents say it has been difficult to adapt. In order to do so, companies have been changing work techniques, working with new manufacturers, and changing equipment.

However, the respondents still addressed the certain benefits of Group I base oils, emphasizing the viscosity, solvency, and most importantly the low cost.

The survey observed that while the global industries sector is clearly anticipating a decline in demand for Group I, it also recognizes that Group I base stocks will continue to be relevant and favoured for specific formulations well into 2030.

This survey also revealed that Group II base oils as the “heart” of the market.

Group II base oils are seen as the most important to all industries discussed, including the automotive, marine, industrial, and commercial vehicle industries.

Group III base oils are viewed as the second most important to these industries.

Along with EMEA, the Americas are more likely than the APAC to use Group III base oils in the next 10 years.

Base Oil Industry Trends and Future Market

India to Formulate Country’s Automobile Manufacturing Policy

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Bangladesh Automobile Manufacturing Policy
India to Formulate Bangladesh Automobile Manufacturing Policy

The country’s automobile market has witnessed rapid growth for the last several years due to the rapid economic growth, especially the passenger car segment.

Around 63 automobiles are now sold every day as per the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers and Dealers Association (Barvida).

Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) says this passenger car market has got 98% growth in the past six years.

Overall, this industry achieved 8% growth a year on an average since 2012, according to industry insiders.

The automobile manufacturing and assembling industries have not grown in Bangladesh in the last three decades because of a lack of raw materials and the backward linkage.

Now the demand for the passenger car segment is fulfilled by the imported reconditioned car.

“If the government formulates policy for establishing four-wheeler-manufacturing plants, current prices will ultimately come down,” said Habib Ullah Dawn, president of the Barvida.

At the 14th Dhaka Motor Show, Industries Minister Nurul Majid Mahmud Humayun said “We do not want to rely on others. We will manufacture our own cars.”

Minister said the local market has a huge demand of automobiles so “It has to be retained by manufacturing cars locally”.

“Handing over this market to others is irrational and we cannot only depend on imported cars but” he also said.

Emphasizing on developing “own brand” instead of assembling and importing cars, he said his ministry would provide all types of cooperation for local automobile brands.

PHP Group assembles the brand’s vehicles at its Chittagong plant. So far, it has brought together three models, Preve, Saga and Exora, by importing the parts from Malaysia.

Indian automakers have a keen interest in the growing market of Bangladesh. Already, the commercial vehicles segment is dominated by India because of the competitive pricing and availability of spare parts.

However, the Indian automakers are competing with Japanese brands in the passenger car segment. They are more willing to provide high quality, brand new cars at cheap rates.

Moreover, the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) is trying to motivate the Bangladesh government into formulating an automobile manufacturing policy.

Sugata Sen, deputy director general of SIAM said, “We want to make customers understand that Indian automakers are keen to help Bangladesh develop the industry locally for ensuring the best value for money.”

The present trends in economic growth, India is trying to grab a huge market potential for passenger cars with sophisticated technologies.

India to Formulate Country's Automobile Manufacturing Policy

Country’s Car Market Is Growing

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Passenger Car
Country’s Car Market Is Growing

The country’s car market has witnessed rapid growth in the last several years due to the rapid economic growth and a rise in the purchasing power of consumers.

The comfort issue in public transport has already put a question mark. Although public transport service has been improved over time, there are still complains such as not getting a seat in the sitting-service bus, misbehaviour of the conductors and so forth.

Also, the affordable price of cars is also reasons for the boost in car sales.

Till now, this growing demand is fulfilled by the imported reconditioned car as we don’t have our own four-wheeler-manufacturing plants in our country.

If the government formulates policy for establishing four-wheeler-manufacturing plants, current prices will ultimately come down, said Habib Ullah Dawn, president of the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers’ and Dealers’ Association (Barvida).

In the inauguration of the 14th Dhaka Motor Show, Industries Minister Nurul Majid Mahmud Humayun said that Bangladesh will not import cars in the near future.

“We do not want to rely on others. We will manufacture our own cars,” the minister said.

Industries Minister said the local market has a huge demand of automobiles so “It has to be retained by manufacturing cars locally”.

He also said, “Handing over this market to others is illogical and we cannot only depend on imported cars.”

Putting emphasis on developing “own brand” instead of assembling and importing cars, he said imported reconditioned cars would lose the market soon in the country due to the evolving modern automobile industry.

The industries minister said his ministry would provide all types of cooperation including land allocation to the entrepreneurs who come forward for local automobile brands.

According to the Barvida, around 7,353 reconditioned cars were sold in FY 2012-13, and 20,149 cars were sold in FY 2016-17.

The country imported around 23,000 cars last year to fulfil the growing public demand.

Currently, the market size for reconditioned cars is around Tk 5,000 crore. Each year the size of the market is increasing by 15 to 20%, according to Barvida.

“Around 63 cars are sold in our country every day. The number of imported cars has increased threefold now,” said AKM Tawhidur Rahman, head of the sales division of Rancon Motorbikes Limited.

“The current market size of reconditioned cars and brand new cars is 25,000 units, in which 5000 units are brand new,” he added.

Country’s Car Market Is Growing

Key Barriers to Market Quality Industrial Oil in Bangladesh

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Industrial Oil
Key Barriers to Market Quality Industrial Oil In Bangladesh

The stability of Bangladesh’s economy in the last 5 years and, coupled with its pro-business climate and improving infrastructure has transformed the manufacturing sector into one of the top destinations for the industrial oil market.

The demand from the industrial machinery and equipment application also accounts for a