This new decade will be critical to tackling the climate change issue into the emergency of climate adaptation. This coming decade is essential for all the countries, including Bangladesh.
The year 2020 will remain noteworthy as a crucial year, especially for the human-made climate change.
Dr Saleemul Huq, Senior Fellow at the International Institute for Environment and Development has explained how Bangladesh can move forward. His overviews are here.
Overviews of his discussion.
A special thanks to Bangladesh to complete our reliance only on collective international activity via the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The peak of this process was accomplished in the Paris Agreement at COP21 in 2015.
Currently, it is everything about the application and also no longer concerning even more arrangements.
Although we are expecting a much better result at COP26 to be held in Glasgow, Scotland under the presidency of the United Kingdom in November 2020, aiming to get all countries to increase their degrees of aspiration to minimize the emission of greenhouse gas.
Also, we need to re-focus our interest from talking at annual COPs to launching actions on every grounds.
Now the social movement is a key. The chances we are observing at social media sites and also the internet are simply beginning to reveal its potential.
Hopefully, the next years will connect around the world among citizens and also lobbyists, with a lead by young people.
A focus on renewables.
The other opportunity is by increasing the use of renewable energy from both solar and wind resources.
These innovations are ending up being both extra effective as well as less expensive. Already, it has made renewable resource less expensive than coal.
Renewable energy is cheaper than oil after natural gas.
It will certainly make the 21st century very different from the 20th century as a worldwide game-changer.
This will certainly need a new type of education for the youngsters of today.
Also, Bangladesh has to play moving forward to take on the environment adjustment emergency.
Now, it is to take up a leadership duty around the world through the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) which will certainly, be turned over from President Hilda Heine of the Marshall Islands to Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in mid-2020.
And she will be the chair of the CVF for a two-year term will consist of COP26.
Opportunities for Bangladesh.
Bangladesh can transform its image on climate change vying to claim to be one of the most resilient nations.
It is possible to do it by promoting South-South and also South-North, exchanging with other nations, sharing our adaptation strategies.
Our second opportunity depends on the adapted Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. It will run to 2030 as well as lead to making Bangladesh a climate-resilient country.
Our approach would be mainstream as well as incorporate climate change thinking into all aspects of planning.
This should take the preparation for the upcoming 8th Five Year Plan 2021-2026. It ought to be connected to the Perspective Plan 2041 and Delta Plan 2100.
We are not a big emitter of greenhouse gases. However, we have to ensure a healthy energy system, transportation, and other markets.
Also, we have to improve the deployment of solar power and wind energy. Moreover, we ought to plan the change from fossil fuels to a renewable resource.
Equally, we need to invest more in tree plantation.
Similarly, we require to explore and advertise nature-based solutions for industrial development in the Khulna area.
Finally, we require to boost the quality of the children’s education, particularly our girls. And, we have to do it to enter into the new global economic situation of the 21st century.
Undoubtedly, Bangladesh’s only valuable resource is our young people.
The educated youth will help Bangladesh to overcome its hardships and the problems of climate change in future. Certainly, it will assist the rest of the globe to do the same.
Playing our cards right, we can turn Bangladesh into a worldwide leader in dealing with climate change issues.
Saleemul Huq is Director, International Centre for Climate Change and Development at the Independent University, Bangladesh.